1066 Battle of Hastings-- Norman conquest of England-- William the Conqueror becomes first Norman King ofEngland
1215 Signing of the Magna Carta-- King John of England signs-- first real limits of the powerof monarchy-- influences the New Englandsettlers in the 1600s
1492 Christopher Columbus first offour trips to the Americas-- Italian; sails for Spain aftersecuring funding-- looking for an westwardpassage to Asia-- calls where he lands SanSalvador (The Bahamas &Hispaniola)
1776 American coloniesdeclare independencefrom Britain-- Fighting starts atLexington & Concord inApril, 1775-- Declaration signed inPhiladelphia-- “If we don’t hangtogether, we will surelyhang separately.” -- BenFranklin
1789 French Revolution – Storming of the Bastille-- Overthrowing Louis XVI-- Ten year reign of violence-- Rise of Napoleon
1865 End of the American Civil War 750,000 soldiers dead 10% of all Northern males 20-45 30% of all Southern white males 18-40 Can American democracy survive?
1917 Bolshevik Revolution Vladimir Lenin leads Communist revolution Beginning of Soviet Union (lasts into early 90s) Begins the international paradigm for the next 70 years.
1939 Germany invades Poland Start of WW II Effort by Nazi Germany to establish European hegemony
1941 Bombing of Pearl Harbor Japanese forces attack US Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Next day, US enters WW II for allies http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sv1niwxQgoY
1945 US drops Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima, Japan End of WW II Ushers in the “nuclear age” Was this just? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NF4LQaWJRDg
1949 Mao Zedong takes control of China Communist China established Great Leap Forward; Cultural Revolution http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UUCEeC4f6ts
1969 America lands a man on the moon Neil Armstrong & Buzz Aldrin Goal laid out by JFK in 1961 Space Race vs. Soviets http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RMINSD7MmT4
1989 Fall of the Berlin Wall Ending of the Cold War Cold War: Decades long struggle between USSR v. USA http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=snsdDb7KDkg http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y9HjvHZfCUI
2001 Terrorist Attacks on US on Sept. 11 Largest attack on US soil War on Terror begins US invades Afghanistan and Iraq