1. * FACTO S THAT AFFECT
LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES.
N R LSAH R BI N M
TI ESEN .
1. GENDER DIFFERENCES.
= Each gender has their own way on learning
language strategies. Mostly, females engaged in
strategy use more frequently than males.
= Female preferred to use Social and
Metacognitive strategies most and Memory
strategies the least while male preferred to use
Metacognitive and Compensation strategies
most and Affective strategies the least.
3. 2. MOTIVATION.
= According to Gardner (1985), motivation and
attitudes are the primary sources that
contributing to individual language learning.
= Oxford ang Nyikos (1989), state that the
learners with high motivation to learn a language
will likely use a variety of strategies.
= Dornyei (2001), motivation can be a matter
explaining why people decide to do
something, how long they are willing to sustain
the activity, ang how hard they are going to
4. 3. EXPERIENCES IN STUDY LANGUAGES.
= According to Purdie and Olive’s, they
state that the importance of experience in
studying a language as one of the factors
affecting the choices of language learning
= For an example, studying abroad is
deemed to have an influence on students’
thought and learning style, especially in
their actual ability in language learning.
5. 4. CULTURAL BAKGROUND.
= Different cultural groups and backround use
variety kinds of strategies at different levels of
= According to Politzer & McGroarty
(1985), Asian students tend to prefer rote
memorisation and rule-oriented strategies.
= Politzer & McGroarty (1985) and Noguchi
(1991) state that the social strategies is the most
unpopular strategies among Chinese and
6. 5. ABILITY OF A PERSON.
= A person's attitude about learning a new
language will affect his or her ability to do so.
= If someone approaches foreign languages as
something difficult and tedious, he or she may
not make significant progress, whereas very
motivated people are likely to do better.
= An ability of a person to study a foreign
language is very important in order to get an
affective language learning strategies.