Developing Reading Skill
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Developing Reading Skill

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Developing Reading Skill Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Developing Lear ner s’ READING Skill (K-12) Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com Hanadi Mirza
  • 2. Problems with MY Readers  Nat [b] Tap [k] (KG 3)  Sunday = Day of the Sun (Gr. 3)  Major vs. minor characters (Bacc II)  The boys having bags are in class. Having is singular or plural? (univ. 1st yr)  Graded readers are written in narrative style. (univ. 2nd/3rd yr) * Copy/Paste  Social /Fair / Bear / VocaPulary (univ.) Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 3. Part I - Overview on How to Teach Reading in KGs, Elementary, and Cycles 3 8 4 (A comparative Approach) Part II - Group Work: sharing problems teachers face with their readers and suggesting solutions Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 4. Natural Language Development L Listening Piano S Speaking Violin R Reading Drums W Writing Flute Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 5. Reading Process Reading = Decoding (category) Reading Comp= Decoding + Encoding READ Aloud  Pronunciation + Intonation READ Silently  Comprehension Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 6. 1.1- Communicate with others observingrules appropriate to own level NCERD KG 1 (L + S) KG 2 (L+ S+ R) KG 3 (L+ S +R +W) -Listen to what is heard.-Apply some instructions given by others.-Express needs with various methods.-Express what he himself is doing.-Take initiative in speaking to others. Listen to what is heard.Apply instructions given by others.Express needs with various methods.Express what he/she or others are doing.-Apply rules of communication during dialog.Take initiative in speaking Listen to what is heard.-Follow instructions &interact with the urgings of others -Express needs with various methods.methods. Express what he or others are doing.-Appl rules of communicatio during dialog Take initiative in speaking and discussing with others . Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 7. The 5 Elements of Reading L S  R  W I- Phonemic Awareness  Identifying sounds II- Phonics Reading sounds III- Vocabulary  Meaning Making IV- Fluency & Accuracy while Decoding V- Comprehension Read TO Comprehend i.e. Answer in OWN Words i.e. Paraphrase Answer Writing  Identify Sounds then Write Letters Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 8. I- Phonemic Awareness (KGs) 1- Rhyming words 2- Sounds within words a) Beginning sounds b ) Ending Sounds) c) Middle sounds 3- Sound Blending (sounds into a word) 4- Sound Segmenting (a word into sounds) 5- Words within sentences 6- Syllables within words Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 9. II- Phonics (KG2 & KG3) SOUND of a letter NOT Writing  Process of translating written words into speech  Letter Reading NOT Writing    - Sound blending - Word Building - Connect sounds to word Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 10. Phonics 1) m M ABCDEFGHI…. 2) m + a = ma ma + n = man 3) cat = c + at 4) hat pen mat e + d = ed b + ed = bed ca + t can red dog bed Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com sat
  • 11. 3- Vocabulary (KGs) Learn 2000-4000 new words per grade level  Pre-teach Vocab 1- Meaning of q word: - Using Meaning prompts - Using Visual prompts (Pictures & Realia) - Acting out a Word - Using Multiple Prompts - Using Relations between words: synonyms, antonym, prefixes, roots … 2 – Application - Guessing Games / Acting out - Put a word in a meaningfulHanadi Mirza sentence hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 12. Pre-Teach Vocab (Cycles 1 & 2) 1- Meaning from Context Clues:    Definition / Synonym / Antonym (Part of Speech) Word Formation using Prefixes & Suffixes Dictionary Skills – Spelling Rules - Dictation 2- Application/Review:     Guessing Games using Pictures / Realia Acting out the word / Cross Puzzle Words Put a word in a meaningful sentence (Cycle 1) Write a (narrative) paragraph using the following 5 words: … (Cycle 2) Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 13. Vocabulary (Cycles 3 & 4)  During Reading 1- Meaning IN Context:  Find a word/expression in the text that means … using the context clues of the text itself 2- Application:  Write a persuasive essay arguing with or against the law of banning smoking in public places in Lebanon. (Lexis & Spelling) Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 14. IV- Fluency & Accuracy while Decoding (follow with finger / ruler) My dog is in the red box. (KG) Four people are waiting in front of the police stations. (Cycle 2) Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 15. Poor Pronunciation  NO Comprehension Using Simplified Phonetics People [pypl] police [polys] food [fooood] purpose [p ərps] Schwa [ ə ]  [euh] sound BBC / CNN / Online Phonetics / Google... Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 16. Spelling vs Pronunciation                 Psychology (ps--) [saykolə djy] Pneumonia (pn--) [nəmonia] Climbing, comb, lamb, bomb (--mb)  [klayming], [kom], [lèm], [bám] Calm, Palm (--l m) [kám] , [pám] Folk , Folktale (-- l k)  [fok] , [fokteyl] Vegetable [ve dj təbl] Comfortable [kámftəbl] Government (nm) [gavərmənt] Suggest, Suggestion [sag djəst], [sagdjəstshən] People, Apple [pypəl], [ápəl] Sensual , Sensuality [sənshəwəl] , [sənshəwality] Nation, Nationality [neyshən], [nashənality] Social , Beautiful [soshəl] , [byurəfəl] Original but Originally [oridjinəl] but [oridjənly] Actually [aktshəly] Say but Says [sey] but [sèz] Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 17. Spelling vs. Pronunciation (continued)                 Determine but Mine [ditərmən] but [mayn] Examine→ [əgzámin] Seduce but Seduction [sidýous] but [sidakshən] Appreciate [aprishiyeyt] Result, Adult → [rizált] , [ədált] World, Work, Word, War [wərld], [wərk], [wərd], [wor] July, Major [djoulay] , [meydjər] Children, Church [tshildrən], [tshərtsh] Pleasure , Pleasurable bur Leisure [plejər] , [plejrəbl] / [lyjər] Write/Written, Hide/Hidden  [rayt] / [ritən] , [hayd] /[hidən] Teacher [tytshər] Doctor, Dollars [daktər] , [dálərz] Cat, Cup, Color: (c)  [k] [Kat] , [Kap] , [kalər] Circus, Ceremony: (c)  [s] [sərkəs] , [sərəmony] Gallery, Go, Gut: (g)  [g] [galəry] , [go] , [gat] Giraffe, Generous: (g)  [dj] [djiraf] , [djənərəs] Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 18. (continued)             The + any letter EXCEPT (a/e/i/o/u) →[o‫ ]ﺫ‬never [za] Although , Thunder, Thumb→ [ol‫ ﺫ‬o] , [thándər] , [thám] Thank You [thánk] Never [sank] You The +a pple/ e lephant/ i sland/ o range/ u mbrella→ [‫ ] ﺫﻱ‬never [o‫ ]ﺫ‬nor [zi] The + eu ropean, u nited the+[you] (as 1st sound) [o ‫ ]ﺫ‬NOT [za] Use the [yous] but I/you [youz] Process but processes → [prósəs] but [prosəsyz] Woman but women → [woumən] but [wymin] Police , Policeman [polys] .[polysmən] Symptom→ (--m p) [simtəm] Wanted / Added / Promised / Grinned  [wantid] , [ádid] , [promist] , [grind] Battles, Flags / Groups, Mats Kisses, Churches,—> [bátəlz] , [flágz] / [groups] , [máts] / [kisəz] , [tshərtshəz] Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 19. VOICED & VOICELESS SOUNDS Past Tense of Regular Verbs       (-ed)  [- id] , [-t] , or [-d] ? [-t] & [-d] + [-id] / Vd + [-d] / vl + [-t] Created , Needed / Proved / Fixed Plural Form of Nouns (-s)  [-z] or [-s] or [-əz] ? vd + [-z] / vl + [-s] / -ch, -sh, -ss, -x + [- əz] Boys, girls / cats, lin ks / classes, foxes  Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 20. V- Reading Comprehension Read for a PURPOSE: - Read for the Gist (main idea) - Read for Specific Info - Read for Details (intensive / inferential Reading)  Develop Schemata for Story Reading / Other Genres Reading Strategies: - Predicting - Questioning - Clarifying - Summarizing | Reading Skills: a) Skimming b) Scanning Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 21. Reading Comprehension (KGs) 1) Cover page  a- Title/Picture / Author /Illustrator (Graphic Organizer)  b- Predict story from Title & Picture  2) Picture Walk using Reading Strategies  3) Retell story using Pictures  4) Decode words with the help of pictures  5) Using Reading Strategies to check students’ comprehension of the written text  6) Summarize the story using pictures to check comprehension of the story itself Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 22. Reading Comp. (Cycles 1 & 2)         1- Pre-Reading Stage Warm-up (Discussion) Pre-Teach Vocab Predict Story from Title/Pictures 2- During Reading Stage (Silent Reading) Answer Factual THEN Analytical Questions Fill in the Story Map / Chart/ Table…. 3- Post-Reading Stage Summarize the Story / Text Read Aloud  Pronunciation + Intonation Connect: R-W / R-S / R- Drawing / …. Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 23. Reading Comp. (Cycles 3 & 4) How to Save Time? 1- Read Questions (Purpose) + Reformulate Q’s 2- Read the text to find the answer to each Q’s      Multiple-Choice Questions: (STRATEGY) 1- Read the Stem without the Distracters (A/B/C/D) 2- Understand the question (Reformulation) 3- Read the text to find the answer to Question 4- Eliminate the wrong choices 5- Double check if he right choice = paraphrase of the answer found in the text Hanadi Mirza the distracter hanadym@hotmail.com
  • 24. Make a Difference In Your Readers’ Future Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com www.hanadimirza.blogspot.com www.atel-lb.org Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com