ETHC 445 Final ExamClick this link to get the tutorial:http://homeworkfox.com/tutorials/general-questions/15361/ethc-445-final-exam/1. (TCOs 5, 8) The idea that the assisted suicide of terminally ill patients should be allowed orassisted for the greater happiness of all concerned reflects what type of ethics? (Points : 5)Aristotles Doctrine of the MeanKants Categorical Imperative (in the 2nd Formulation)Thomas Aquinass concept of conscienceRands concept of self-interestMills Principle of Utility2. (TCO 1) What is the moral ideal of compassion? (Points : 5)Acts of unmerited kindnessSentiment in response to the suffering of othersAcknowledging the sufferings of othersActs of altruismActs contrary to Objectivism3. (TCO 4, 5) One of the common errors in Ethics is that of the hasty conclusions. Hastyconclusions consist of what? (Points : 5)Rushed work under pressureComparing unknown cases to known ones to find precedentsEmbracing conclusions before examining cases fullyJudging cases by the source of their originBelief that first impressions are valid until challenged4. (TCOs 1, 5) Prescriptive language in ethics is often characterized by what common word?(Points : 5)RightProperBestPossibleShould5. (TCOs 1, 2, 4, 6) Ethical Egoism proposes that all decisions should be made to promote what?(Points : 5)
Our fiduciary responsibilitiesThe good will of othersOur self-interestsThe welfare of the communityStronger relationships6. (TCOs 1, 2, 4, 6) "The right thing to do is to follow the rules that rational, self-interestedpeople can agree to establish for their mutual benefit." This is a belief of what? (Points : 5)Ethical EgoismUtilitarianismKants Categorical ImperativeSocial Contract TheoryMarxism7. (TCOs 8) Animal sentience is demonstrated by all the following except which one? (Points :5)ConsciousnessAwarenessResponse to external painful stimuliAnimatednessEmotive response8. (TCOs 3, 4) Kant said that the only thing "good without qualification" is what? (Points : 5)The best interests of all concernedActs of mercyThe amount of happiness producedPersonal virtuesA good will9. (TCOs 1, 2, 4, 6) John Stuart Mills theory of Utilitarianism is the most common form ofethics in use today. It is used so commonly because it belongs to which of the Primary Schoolsof Ethics? (Care-basedEnds-basedEconomy-basedLaw-basedEfficiency-based10. (TCOs 1, 5) Syllogisms in formal deductive logic are called "sound" when the syllogism isdetermined to be "valid" and: (
the premises share common terminology.there are three or more premises.the premises are true statements.all of the premises are written in present tense.the premises have been independently cited.11. (TCOs 3, 5, 9) When choosing one course of action while working with a dilemma, the othercourses of action are lost and become unavailable. This makes ethical choices in dilemmasituations particularly what? (IncoherentComplicatedIllogicalPainfulCruel12. (TCOs 2, 3) According to Thomas Aquinas, what ethical capacity do people of every culturenaturally possess? (Points : 5)Logical thinkingPersonal virtuesSelf-interestAbility to learn lessonsConscience13. (TCOs 5, 6) The rule or principle to be applied in making decisions is an example of whichkind of ethical discovery process?Principle of utilityA posteriori rationalityA priori rationalityEmpirical rationalityScientific method14. (TCO 2) The Social Contract theorist whose troubled childhood was most clearly reflected inhis theories was who?Thomas AquinasThomas JeffersonJean-Jacques RousseauThomas HobbesJohn Locke15. (TCOs 1, 2, 4, 6) Kants concern that people choose to observe universal laws as their duty isexpressed through what actions?
Their habitsTheir maximsTheir desiresTheir lovesTheir loyalties16. (TCOs 4, 6) Aristotles Ethics of Virtue have found modern application for business andindustry through what practiceResolution models applicationsGoals and objectivesCore values of organizationsBusiness modelsProfessional codes of discipline17. (TCO 7) Professional codes of conduct serve what function for business and industry?Allow businesses to avoid training professional staffersEnable transfer of valued employees across state linesEnable contracting of temporary employeesSpecify continuing education needs and requirementsProviding assurance of the professional qualifications of members18. (TCO 2) Aristotles Ethical Doctrine of the Mean measured personal virtues on a scale thatincluded the virtue itself, the excess of it, and the deficiency of it.If the virtue is BEING FRIENDLY, and the excess is BEING INGRATIATING, what is thedeficiency?UnconcernThere is no deficiencyAngerAnnoyingBeing surly19. (TCO 7) In personal or organizational conflict, what benefits accrue to all parties when aleader or consultant employees one of the ethical conflict resolution models of Week 6?Objectives of what winning the conflict means get refined and better understoodConflict management gets slowed down and settled.Conflict can be handled in a sequential, step-by-step mannerParties can be reconciled without solving the issuesPersonal relationships can be separated from issues
20. (TCOs 4, 6) The Latin term a priori describes the origin of knowledge developed rationally,and the term a posteriori describes knowledge developed through observation and experience.What is produced through a priori rational thought that applies to ethics?Analysis systemsPrinciples of ethicsConcern for outcomesEmotionsSubjective sense of identity1. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) Use your ethical philosophy to solve the following ethical situation. Explainhow your philosophy helped you make your decision.Anticipating the possibility that their soldiers may one day be captured by the enemy, somemodern armies include in their basic training exposure to simulated yet intimidating torturetechniques. That is, they subject their own troops to mild forms of simulated torture in order thatthey may learn how to resist torture and not divulge the plans and classified information that theyknow. Some other armies actually train through experience of torture.Is this practice justifiable ethically? If you believe it is justifiable only under certain conditions,specify the conditions. Explain and defend your position, and then explain how your ethicalphilosophy helped you come to this conclusion.2. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) Analyze the following ethical situation using YOUR ethical philosophy. Readthe situation and then in your answer, explain why this is an ethical situation, what the "issues"are, and how an "ethical" person would resolve them. Explain how YOUR ethical philosophy hashelped you read a conclusion about how to resolve or analyze this situation.Employees worth to their employers may diminish before they are eligible for retirement. Insuch cases, the employer is faced with the dilemma of choosing between retaining an old andtrusted yet unproductive worker for 5 or 10 more years, or firing that worker and jeopardizing hisor her retirement benefits.1. Should an employer have an ethical obligation to keep such unproductive, but loyalemployees? What if the employee had been a problem his or her entire career? Are there certaincircumstances where your answer to these questions would be different?
2. What is the duty of an unproductive employee to his or her employer? Is there an ethicalobligation to retire when productivity begins to wane? If a person is simply "coasting" for his orher last few years, is that person "unethical?" Be sure to explain your answer.3. (TCOs 3, 4) How do you feel St. Thomas Aquinas would have solved the above ethicalsituation differently or the same as you did using your philosophy? Please explain the reasons forthe similarities or differences4. (TCOs 3, 4, 6) Regina is chairperson of her citys United Fund campaign. In her annualpreparations meeting with her staff of canvassers, she gives this advice: "Hit the business placesfirst. Dont approach anyone who is walking alone in a hall or working alone in a closed office.Look for two or more people standing together or working side by side. Try to make themcompete with each other in generous giving. Capitalize on their desire to show off and outdo thenext person." She then states that the canvasser who raises the most money of all will be awardedwith a 5% cut of the total amount that canvasser raises. Her approach pays off and the UnitedFund raises the most money ever.Tell what ethical philosophy Regina is using, if any.Now, use your ethical philosophy to analyze the situation. Explain how, using your philosophy,you would have solved this situation either the same way as the character in the situation did, ordifferently. Why? )5. (TCOs 1, 2, 3) You are a new employee in an advertising company. Your client is a wellknown soup manufacturer who wants to feather in advertisements a picture showing the solidingredients in its soup. Unfortunately, your advertising group found that the solid ingredientssank to the bottom of the bowl and were barely visible. All that could be seen was the broth.Your boss hits upon a solution--put marbles in the bottom of the bowl before pouring in thesoup! You try it and the vegetables sit nicely on the top, giving the appearance of thick soup.Your boss wants you to run with the project with this solution.What will you do? Explain why you will do this and what ethical analysis you used to come tothis conclusion.
6. (TCO 5,7) Analyze your answer above using the Blanchard and Peale ethical dilemmasresolution model. Show your steps