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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
Encyclopedia of  Islam and the Muslim world  -Richard Matin
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Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim world -Richard Matin

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  • 1. Encyclopedia of Islam and theMuslim World
  • 2. Editorial Board Editor in Chief Richard C. Martin Professor of Islamic Studies and History of Religions Emory University, Atlanta Associate Editors Saïd Amir Arjomand Professor of Sociology State University of New York, Stony Brook Marcia Hermansen Professor of Theology Loyola University, Chicago Abdulkader Tayob University of Cape Town, South AfricaInternational Institute for the Study of Islam in the Modern World, Netherlands Assistant Editor Rochelle Davis Teaching Fellow, Introduction to the Humanities Program Stanford University Editorial Consultant John O. Voll Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding Georgetown University ii
  • 3. Encyclopedia of Islam and theMuslim World Editor in Chief Richard C. Martin Volume 1 A-L
  • 4. Encyclopedia of Islam and theMuslim World Editor in Chief Richard C. Martin Volume 2 M-Z, Index
  • 5. Encyclopedia of Islam Richard C. Martin, Editor in Chief© 2004 by Macmillan Reference USA. For permission to use material from this While every effort has been made toMacmillan Reference USA is an imprint of The product, submit your request via Web at ensure the reliability of the informationGale Group, Inc., a division of Thomson http://www.gale-edit.com/permissions, or you presented in this publication, The Gale Group,Learning, Inc. may download our Permissions Request form Inc. does not guarantee the accuracy of and submit your request by fax or mail to: the data contained herein. The Gale Group,Macmillan Reference USA™ and Thomson Inc. accepts no payment for listing; andLearning™ are trademarks used herein under Permissions Department inclusion in the publication of anylicense. The Gale Group, Inc. organization, agency, institution, publication, 27500 Drake Road service, or individual does not implyFor more information, contact Farmington Hills, MI 48331-3535Macmillan Reference USA endorsement of the editors or publisher. Permissions Hotline: Errors brought to the attention of the300 Park Avenue South, 9th Floor 248-699-8006 or 800-877-4253 ext. 8006New York, NY 10010 publisher and verified to the satisfaction of Fax: 248-699-8074 or 800-762-4058 the publisher will be corrected in futureOr you can visit our Internet site athttp://www.gale.com Cover photographs reproduced by permission editions. of Andrea Pistolesi / The Image Bank andALL RIGHTS RESERVED Robert Azzi / Aramco World.No part of this work covered by the copyrighthereon may be reproduced or used inany form or by any means—graphic,electronic, or mechanical, includingphotocopying, recording, taping, Webdistribution, or information storage retrievalsystems—without the written permission ofthe publisher. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim world / edited by Richard C. Martin. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-02-865603-2 (set) — ISBN 0-02-865604-0 (v. 1) — ISBN 0-02-865605-9 (v. 2) 1. Islam—Encyclopedias. I. Martin, Richard C. BP40.E525 2003 909’.097671—dc21 2003009964 This title is also available as an e-book. ISBN 0-02-865912-0 Contact your Gale sales representative for ordering information. Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  • 6. ContentsIntroduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ixList of entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiiiList of contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiiiSynoptic outline of entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxiList of maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxv ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ISLAM AND THE MUSLIM WORLDGlossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 749Appendix: Genealogies and Timelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 755Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 785 v
  • 7. Editorial and Production Staff Kate Millson and Corrina Moss Project Editors Joann Cerrito, Melissa Hill, and Mark Mikula Editorial Support Jonathan Aretakis Copy Chief Nancy Gratton Copy Editor Ann McGlothlin Weller Proofreader Barbara Cohen Indexer Barbara Yarrow Manager, Imaging and Multimedia Content Dean Dauphinais Senior Editor, Imaging and Multimedia Content Lezlie Light Imaging Coordinator Deanna Raso Photo Researcher Shalice Shah-Caldwell Research Associate Cynthia Baldwin and Jennifer Wahi Art Directors Autobookcomp Typesetter vi
  • 8. Editorial and Production Staff Mary Beth Trimper Manager, Composition Evi Seoud Assistant Manager, Composition Rhonda Williams Print Buyer MACMILLAN REFERENCE USA Frank Menchaca Vice President Hélène Potter Director, New Product DevelopmentIslam and the Muslim World vii
  • 9. IntroductionA growing number of scholars and pundits have declared that the twenty-first century will be theera of Islam. Such predictions, whether intended in a positive or negative light, err in failing toappreciate the spread and influence of Islam during the past millennium and a half, especially onthe continents of Asia and Africa. Nonetheless, events during the first decade of the newmillennium have underscored the importance of knowing about Islamic history and understand-ing the great diversity and richness of Muslim social, cultural, and religious practices. Suicidebomber attacks on the World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon in Washington,D.C., on September 11, 2001, killed over three thousand persons. These tragic events and themedia coverage of the aftermath as well as of the two wars subsequently fought in the Muslimcountries of Afghanistan and Iraq have dramatically shown how little is known in the West aboutIslam and the Muslim world. Islam is, and has been for nearly fifteen centuries, a global religiousand political phenomenon. Muslim networks of communication, from the annual pilgrimage toMecca to the vast new power of the World Wide Web, have enabled Muslims to establishpostmodern identities in a rapidly changing world, while at the same time preserving andreinvigorating a variety of time-honored traditions and practices. The Encyclopedia of Islam and theMuslim World is a sourcebook of information about Islam, its past and present, addressed tostudents and general readers as the twenty-first century begins its first decade. The Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World presents in two volumes some 504 articles,alphabetically arranged, in incremental lengths generally of 200, 500, 1,000, 3,000, and 5,000words. The work of some 500 scholars appears in these pages, carefully reviewed and edited in acommon style for easy access by readers who may presently have limited or no knowledge ofIslam. It has also been prepared as a teaching and learning resource for teachers and students,from the high school grades through university. The alphabetical ordering of articles that follow,in the List of Articles, will enable readers to locate topics of interest quickly. A synoptic outline ofthe contents of the Encyclopedia, found within the frontmatter on pages xxxi–xxxiv, providesreaders with an overview by topic and subtopic of the range and kinds of information presented inthe main body of the Encyclopedia. Approximately 170 photographs, drawings, maps, and chartsappear throughout the two volumes. A glossary in the back matter of volume two, which listscommonly used Arabic and other Islamic terms, such as shari a, or “Islamic law,” will enablegeneral readers to determine quickly the meaning of essential but perhaps less familiar terms inIslamic studies. The Encyclopedia is truly an international work that reflects the diversity of ideas and practicesthat have characterize the Islamic world throughout its history. This diversity is reflected amongthe editors who organized and compiled this work and the scores of scholars who wrote thearticles contained in it. The associate editors’ national origins are Canada, Iran, and South Africa;their religious affiliations or backgrounds include Sunni and Shi ite Islam; and their scholarlytraining has been in sociology, the history of religions, and Islamic studies. An even greater ix
  • 10. Introduction diversity exists among the contributing scholars who live and teach in North America, Europe, Africa, and Asia, including the Middle East. They represent the fields of history, philosophy, religious studies, anthropology, sociology, political science, and the fine arts, among others. In its totality, then, this work represents a broad expanse of scholarly knowledge about Islam, accessible in two volumes. Islam increasingly is recognized as a vital force in the contemporary world, a source of collective social identity, and religious expression for over one billion people around the world, who comprise a fifth of the global population. Public interest in learning about Islam is a very recent phenomenon, however. Events of the past few decades have generated a demand for information about Islam on an unprecedented scale in the history of Islamic studies in the West. In negative terms, these events include violence: the colonial and postcolonial encounters between Europeans and Muslims in Asia and Africa, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Hindu- Muslim clashes in South Asia, Serbian ethnic cleansing of Muslim populations in the Balkans, and the heavily televised American-led wars in the Gulf, Afghanistan, and Iraq. In positive terms, the recent years have seen productive Muslim diaspora communities emerge in Europe and the Americas, Islamic patterns of democracy and civil society develop in some countries in Africa and Asia, and venues of dialogue arise among Muslims, Jews, and Christians about their common moral and social concerns as well as their differences. That non-Muslims are learning more about Islam and their Muslim neighbors through tools like this encyclopedia must also be counted as a positive turn, and a much-needed one. Scholars, journalists, and writers of all sorts have responded robustly to this newly recognized importance of Islam and the Muslim world, thus creating a wealth of information about Islam now available in bookstores, libraries, and newsstands around the world. More significant for readers of this work, the Internet hosts an expanding plethora of Web sites on Islamic teachings, practices, sectarian groups, and organizations. Many Web sites are sponsored by Muslim scholars, organizations, and institutions and provide authentic, and sometimes competing, information about Islamic beliefs and practices. Unfortunately, others offer hostile interpreta- tions of Islam. The Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World is designed to help students and general readers cope with this growing demand and almost overwhelming supply of information. The decision to call this work the Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World was made after considering other, less felicitous alternatives. The editors wanted to produce a work that was about Islamic cultures, religion, history, politics, and the like as well as the people who have identified with Islam over the past fourteen centuries. For the scope of the social and cultural aspects of the subject matter of the Encyclopedia, the editors chose the phrase “Muslim World.” The label “Muslim World” is not meant to suggest that diversity and variety are lacking in what Muslims think, believe, and do as Muslims. Nor is the Muslim World as represented in this work to be thought of as separate from the rest of the world. Indeed, it will be clear to readers of articles on virtually all topics included below that Islamic history and Muslim people have been deeply and richly engaged in and interacting with world history and are perhaps even more so in the modern world, as the late Marshall G. S. Hodgson so persuasively argued in his monumental three-volume work, The Venture of Islam: Conscience and History in a World Civilization (1974). The growing demand for accessible knowle