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Second Language Acquisition 631

by Professor at Cambridge College on Feb 11, 2010

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Second Language Acquisition 631 Second Language Acquisition 631 Presentation Transcript

  • How do learners make output?
    What come before what?
    • Running
    • Standing
    • Walking
  • How do learners make output?
    It is easy to see that a child must be able to stand before being able to walk and to walk before being able to run. The ability to perform one procedure implies the ability to perform a previous one.
  • How do learners make output?
    In Processability Theory, six procedures exist in an implicational hierarchy.
    • Lemma access: is a technical term for words.
    • Category procedure: The learner can not onlyl access words but also put inflections on them (add ed to walk)
  • How do learners make output?
    Phrasal procedure: The learner can put inflections on words within a phrase, such as in noun-adjective agreement:
    Simplified S-procedure: exchange of information from inside the sentence to the beginning or end of the sentence. Example: I talked to my mother yesterday on the phone. Yesterday, I talked to my mother on the phone.
  • How do learners make output?
    S-procedure: exchange of information between internal constituents, for example, between noun phrases and verb phrases. (see page 65)
    Subordinate clause procedure: exchange information across clauses, carrying grammatical or semantic information from a main clause to an embedded or subordinate clause. (see book page 65)
  • How do learners make output?
    Basic processes in making output
    Content of message
    is generated
    Developing
    system
    Access words
    and forms
    Output
    Use processing
    Procedures to
    Create utterance
    L1
    procedures
    L2
    procedures
  • HOW DOES SKILL IN SPEAKING DEVELOP?
    Skill development in speaking is similar. When we talk aboutthe speaking skill in L2 contexts, we talk about how accurate a person is and how much effort is exerted while speaking .This is called the person’s fluency. Skilled or fluent L2 speakers are faster than unskilled speakers and may also not make the same errors.
  • HOW DOES SKILL IN SPEAKING DEVELOP?
    Automatization has ocurred when learners have reached such levels in making output, which translates into “speaking without much conscious effort.”
    See book page 70
  • Principles and Practice in Second Language Acquisition Five key hypothesis about Second Language Acquisition
    See copies / group work
    Providing Input… (see article) Group work
  • The psychology of Second Language
    Languages and the brain
    (see copies)
    Day 4
  • The psychology of Second Language
    Learning processes
    Psychology provides us with two major frameworks for the focus on learning processes:
    Information Processing (IP)
    Connectionism
    (see copies)
  • The psychology of Second Language
    Theories regarding order of acquisition.
    Processability Theory
    Page 76-77 book
  • The psychology of Second Language
    Differences in learning
    Age
    Sex
    Aptitude
    Motivation
    (page 83-86 book)
  • Lesson Plan Using Children’s Literature
    Course Evaluation
    Reflection Essay
  • Thanks
    You are #1