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Maps from the Crowd in Crisis context / OpenStreetMap Response to humanitarian crisis

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Maps from the Crowd in Crisis context ...

Maps from the Crowd in Crisis context
OpenStreetMap Response to humanitarian crisis
Haiyan Typhoon / 2013 and Ebola Epidemic / 2014 Cases

Pierre Béland Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team
IHTC 2014, Montréal, 2014-06-01

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  • http://www.unocha.org/top-stories/all-stories/philippines-super-typhoon-haiyan-makes-landfall-un-and-humanitarian <br />
  • http://www.unocha.org/top-stories/all-stories/philippines-super-typhoon-haiyan-makes-landfall-un-and-humanitarian <br />
  • Nov.7, Andrew Buck invites the HOT community. 10,000 buildings traced in Tacloban. <br /> Sunday 10th Nov: HOT official Activation &gt; Coordination with various actors including OCHA, the American Red Cross, VISOV and the US State Dept Humanitarian Information Unit (HIU). <br /> The International Charter &apos;Space & Major Disasters&apos; imagery providers realigning satellites to obtain post-disaster imagery. <br /> Our imagery specialists look for Imagery, process and host it. <br /> A revised humanitarian mapping workflow is setup with a tagging scheme for damaged buildings and infrastructures <br /> Adaptation of the various tools to deliver appropriate maps. <br /> Monday 11th Nov : The European Commission released the first post-disaster imageries of Tacloban. <br /> Wednesday 13th Nov : HIU delivers Post-disaster imagery from Digital Globe and the first Post-disaster Task Manager job is available for mappers to look at damaged buildings of Tacloban. <br />
  • Nov.7, Andrew Buck invites the HOT community. 10,000 buildings traced in Tacloban. <br /> Sunday 10th Nov: HOT official Activation &gt; Coordination with various actors including OCHA, the American Red Cross, VISOV and the US State Dept Humanitarian Information Unit (HIU). <br /> The International Charter &apos;Space & Major Disasters&apos; imagery providers realigning satellites to obtain post-disaster imagery. <br /> Our imagery specialists look for Imagery, process and host it. <br /> A revised humanitarian mapping workflow is setup with a tagging scheme for damaged buildings and infrastructures <br /> Adaptation of the various tools to deliver appropriate maps. <br /> Monday 11th Nov : The European Commission released the first post-disaster imageries of Tacloban. <br /> Wednesday 13th Nov : HIU delivers Post-disaster imagery from Digital Globe and the first Post-disaster Task Manager job is available for mappers to look at damaged buildings of Tacloban. <br />
  • Nov.7, Andrew Buck invites the HOT community. 10,000 buildings traced in Tacloban. <br /> Sunday 10th Nov: HOT official Activation &gt; Coordination with various actors including OCHA, the American Red Cross, VISOV and the US State Dept Humanitarian Information Unit (HIU). <br /> The International Charter &apos;Space & Major Disasters&apos; imagery providers realigning satellites to obtain post-disaster imagery. <br /> Our imagery specialists look for Imagery, process and host it. <br /> A revised humanitarian mapping workflow is setup with a tagging scheme for damaged buildings and infrastructures <br /> Adaptation of the various tools to deliver appropriate maps. <br /> Monday 11th Nov : The European Commission released the first post-disaster imageries of Tacloban. <br /> Wednesday 13th Nov : HIU delivers Post-disaster imagery from Digital Globe and the first Post-disaster Task Manager job is available for mappers to look at damaged buildings of Tacloban. <br />
  • http://umap.openstreetmap.fr/en/map/hot-yolanda-haiyan-typhoon-activation_3628#8/11.558/124.887 <br /> Red : Post-disaster, blue : pre-disaster <br /> HOT / OSM community Activation for the Haiyan Typhoon, Nov 8, 2013 <br /> This map shows grossly the affected zone. We also see the various zones remotely mapped by the OSM community from internet, coordinating via the HOT task Manager. <br />
  • http://umap.openstreetmap.fr/en/map/hot-yolanda-haiyan-typhoon-activation_3628#8/11.558/124.887 <br /> Red : Post-disaster, blue : pre-disaster <br /> HOT / OSM community Activation for the Haiyan Typhoon, Nov 8, 2013 <br /> This map shows grossly the affected zone. We also see the various zones remotely mapped by the OSM community from internet, coordinating via the HOT task Manager. <br />
  • http://umap.openstreetmap.fr/en/map/hot-yolanda-haiyan-typhoon-activation_3628#8/11.558/124.887 <br /> Red : Post-disaster, blue : pre-disaster <br /> HOT / OSM community Activation for the Haiyan Typhoon, Nov 8, 2013 <br /> This map shows grossly the affected zone. We also see the various zones remotely mapped by the OSM community from internet, coordinating via the HOT task Manager. <br />
  • Since Haiti we&apos;ve formed the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team, and got organised in various ways. <br /> We&apos;ve developed some tools and processes including the “Tasking Manager” at http://tasks.hotosm.org . <br /> The idea is to help new users see an answer to the question “Where do I start mapping?”. It&apos;s also a coordination tool for the community. Mappers click on a square to acquire it, open the area in an OpenStreetMap editor, and click “done” when they&apos;ve finished mapping. <br />
  • To get lots of people involved we try to make the editing process very simple. It is a form of GIS (Geographic Information System) and it does involve editing vectors, so it&apos;s always going to be a little bit complicated, but we try to simplifying it down as much as possible <br />
  • UNOSAT <br /> Salomon Island <br /> http://www.unitar.org/unosat/node/44/1872 <br /> Ormoc <br /> http://unosat-maps.web.cern.ch/unosat-maps/PH/TC20131108PHL/UNOSAT_A3_Ormoc_City_DamageAnalysis.pdf <br />
  • Nov.7, Andrew Buck invites the HOT community. 10,000 buildings traced in Tacloban. <br /> Sunday 10th Nov: HOT official Activation &gt; Coordination with various actors including OCHA, the American Red Cross, VISOV and the US State Dept Humanitarian Information Unit (HIU). <br /> The International Charter &apos;Space & Major Disasters&apos; imagery providers realigning satellites to obtain post-disaster imagery. <br /> Our imagery specialists look for Imagery, process and host it. <br /> A revised humanitarian mapping workflow is setup with a tagging scheme for damaged buildings and infrastructures <br /> Adaptation of the various tools to deliver appropriate maps. <br /> Monday 11th Nov : The European Commission released the first post-disaster imageries of Tacloban. <br /> Wednesday 13th Nov : HIU delivers Post-disaster imagery from Digital Globe and the first Post-disaster Task Manager job is available for mappers to look at damaged buildings of Tacloban. <br />
  • Haiti 2010 revealed how mature was the OSM platform and community <br /> Major impact of remote volunteers mapping to support UN Agencies and humanitarian organizations <br /> C. Heipke / ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 65 (2010) <br /> http://www.earthzine.org/2011/03/23/remote-sensing-based-post-disaster-damage-mapping-%E2%80%93-ready-for-a-collaborative-approach/ <br />
  • Haiti 2010 revealed how mature was the OSM platform and community <br /> Major impact of remote volunteers mapping to support UN Agencies and humanitarian organizations <br /> C. Heipke / ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 65 (2010) <br /> http://www.earthzine.org/2011/03/23/remote-sensing-based-post-disaster-damage-mapping-%E2%80%93-ready-for-a-collaborative-approach/ <br />
  • Haiti 2010 revealed how mature was the OSM platform and community <br /> Major impact of remote volunteers mapping to support UN Agencies and humanitarian organizations <br /> C. Heipke / ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 65 (2010) <br /> http://www.earthzine.org/2011/03/23/remote-sensing-based-post-disaster-damage-mapping-%E2%80%93-ready-for-a-collaborative-approach/ <br />
  • https://www.gfdrr.org/sites/gfdrr.org/files/3_JRC-Remote_Sensing.pdf <br /> Damage assesments <br /> What are the limits? <br /> •Satellite images map products have limitations: <br /> – due to spatial resolution, viewing configuration, non-optimal timing <br /> – because of non-optimal atmospheric conditions (haze, clouds) <br /> – due to errors in processing (e.g. geocoding) or interpretation (subjectivity) <br /> – due to incompleteness, lack of reference data, etc. <br /> Port-au-Prince 2010 <br /> – The underestimation of damages in satellite data compared to aerial imagery and field observations was striking <br />
  • http://umap.fluv.io/en/map/tacloban_1148#16/11.2451/125.0019 <br /> -Minimalist Map (Transport map) <br /> - Damaged building overlay <br /> Dynamic url to Overpass Query : <br /> filters damaged buildings from OSM Database <br /> - Clickable POI&apos;s <br />
  • https://haiyan.crowdmap.com/ <br /> Crowdmap Crisis Mapping Tool <br /> This site collected pictures of damages in this vast territory with many isolated islands. <br />
  • http://yolandadata.org/maps/new?layer=geonode:damage_lines <br /> Yolanda Content Management From Geonode platform <br /> Explore, Export Maps <br />
  • And here&apos;s the maps in use in the Philippines. Various aid agencies decided to print map posters from OpenStreetMap. <br /> The Red Cross can be seen here on the right doing some big printouts. They also got involved in actually contributing to the map. The British Red cross had a team of volunteers in their office here in the London, adding data following the same community processes as the rest of us. <br /> In general we&apos;ve seen more buy-in from aid agencies, and more up-front participation. Whereas in Haiti in 2010 they seemed to discover OpenStreetMap by surprise, with this response we see them going straight to OpenStreetMap, and pro-actively taking part in a process of improving the maps. <br />
  • And here&apos;s the maps in use in the Philippines. Various aid agencies decided to print map posters from OpenStreetMap. <br /> The Red Cross can be seen here on the right doing some big printouts. They also got involved in actually contributing to the map. The British Red cross had a team of volunteers in their office here in the London, adding data following the same community processes as the rest of us. <br /> In general we&apos;ve seen more buy-in from aid agencies, and more up-front participation. Whereas in Haiti in 2010 they seemed to discover OpenStreetMap by surprise, with this response we see them going straight to OpenStreetMap, and pro-actively taking part in a process of improving the maps. <br />
  • And people used the map. <br /> People used it as a base map, doing the web map “mash-up” thing. This is “ushahidi” layering data on top. <br /> But more importantly, people were using it in Haiti. OpenStreetMap printouts were going up on the walls in the aid agency control rooms, and handed out to people driving aid delivery trucks. <br /> But this is my favourite example. Search and rescue teams used garmin GPS units with OpenStreetMap loaded onto them. As well as being an example from the very sharp end of disaster response, saving lives very directly, it&apos;s also a great example of OpenStreetMap at it&apos;s best: There are open source tools as part of the OpenStreetMap ecosystem, which let you convert raw geodata into the garmin format. The maps are then available entirely offline. <br />
  • Haiti 2010 revealed how mature was the OSM platform and community <br /> Major impact of remote volunteers mapping to support UN Agencies and humanitarian organizations <br /> C. Heipke / ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 65 (2010) <br /> http://www.earthzine.org/2011/03/23/remote-sensing-based-post-disaster-damage-mapping-%E2%80%93-ready-for-a-collaborative-approach/ <br />

Maps from the Crowd in Crisis context / OpenStreetMap Response to humanitarian crisis Maps from the Crowd in Crisis context / OpenStreetMap Response to humanitarian crisis Presentation Transcript

  • Maps from the Crowd in Crisis context OpenStreetMap Response to humanitarian crisis Haiyan Typhoon / 2013 and Ebola Epidemic / 2014 Cases Pierre Béland Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team IHTC 2014, Montréal, 2014-06-01
  • Nov.8 2013, the Super Typhoon Yolanda – Haiyan hits the Philippines www.theguardian.com
  • Nov.8 2013, the Super Typhoon Yolanda – Haiyan hits the Philippines http://www.ifrc.org/typhoon-haiyan
  • Haiyan Typhoon Nov.8 UN-OCHA reports ● Telecommunication and electricity supplies are interrupted ● Air and seaports are closed ● The full extent of the damage will not be known until the storm has passed. Possibly the most powerful storm ever recorded in history. For the teams that prepare to deploy : ► Urgent need of Geospatial data for the logistic of operations : Base Map + Damage Assessment ► A large territory to cover with many remote islands and villages
  • Haiyan Typhoon Red Cross deploying Dale Kunce at SOTM-US, April 2014 about chaotic situation and great HOT support ●
  • Haiyan Typhoon HOT Response Nov.7 – Nov.10 ● Nov.7, Andrew Buck invites the HOT community. 10,000 buildings traced in Tacloban ● Nov.8 The Super Typhoon hits the Philippines ● Sunday 10th Nov: HOT Activation Coordinators : Andrew Buck, Pierre Béland and Maning Sambale ● Coordination with various actors including OCHA, the American Red Cross, VISOV and the Philippines gov. ● Contacts with US State Dept Humanitarian Information Unit (HIU) and imagery providers
  • Haiyan Typhoon HOT Response The OSM base map is the de facto basemap used by the UN Agencies and international organizations. Priorities ● Communications : The OSM contributors, developpers and other organizations are invited to participate discussion list, #hot irc, Twitter, HOT Updates ● Areas to map : Humanitarian requests / VISOV analysis of Social medias ● Imagery : Obtain, process and host imagery on servers(OSM-Fr) ● Adapt product and services to humanitarian needs
  • Haiyan Typhoon HOT Response ● Imagery : Process + TMS Server ● Humanitarian mapping workflow ►Damaged buildings and infrastructures ● Extracts : Assure frequent updates ● Tools and Services : Show Damaged buildings – Online and Paper maps. ● Wednesday 13th Nov : Starts Post-disaster Mapping (damaged buildings and road blocks) of Tacloban. ● Friday Nov. 15th : In week, more then 900 OpenStreetMap mappers have contributed to this response. They have modified more than 2 million objects on the map (1.3 million for Haiti).
  • Haiyan Typhoon HOT Response The first days of the Activation ● OSM Extracts for GIS Analysis, GPS and Android smartphones (daily / hourly updates) ● OSM Contributor statistics for Haiyan ● 10 days after the typhoon Humanitarian Map Style is available Damaged buildings (orange) and Collapsed buildings (red) ● All derived maps can use it ● FieldPapers Paper Maps with grid for field survey, ● MapOSMatic Large Paper Maps with grid, street index and POI and ● Osmose Validation / Correction tool. ● Better field survey and quality control; helps identify infrastructures at risk ● Truck drivers find new roads when road blockages / Debris ● OSM database and Maps updated to the minute ● VISOV supports with the Impact Map https://haiyan.crowdmap.com/ Twitter Photos of disaster hashtags ##reliefPH ##rescuePH
  • Haiyan Typhoon HOT coordination https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Typhoon_Haiyan
  • Haiyan Typhoon HOT coordination https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Typhoon_Haiyan
  • Haiyan Typhoon HOT coordination https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Damaged_buildings_crisis_mapping
  • OCHA Humanitarian Snapshot OCHA
  • Crowdsourcing 1,600 contributors : OSM Coverage Comparison with previous OCHA map shows priority OCHA areas on south Eastern Samar not mapped. Imagery acquisition and coordination to be examined
  • Haiyan Typhoon Crowdsource map of Tacloban (population 220,000) Nov. 7 – Nov. 19 vimeo : Derick Rethans Andrew.CartoDB For all zone http://bit.ly/19gNj52
  • Haiyan Typhoon Crowdsource map of Tacloban http://pierzen.dev.openstreetmap.org/hot/leaflet/OSM-Compare-before-after-philippines.html#16/11.2460/12
  • Haiyan Typhoon Organizing Mapping effort ● Partition the effort / Control simultaneous access ● Instructions, links to editors ● Confirm completion / Validate / Invalidate ● Assures complete coverage; Monitors progress Crowdsourced volunteer efforts work most efficiently when there is an organizing force behind the work www.e- education.psu.edu
  • Tasking Manager – tasks.hotosm.org Interacts with Editor tools ◄ Square highlights zone to map Automatic download of existing data JOSM RemoteControl
  • ID : Online easy editing
  • Haiyan Typhoon Damage Assessments UNOSAT, European Copernicus, OpenStreetMap and probably other groups ● No common methodology and no coordination ● Difficulty to assess all the areas to prioritize ● Missing imagery for the base map of some priority areas ● Competition to map places like Tacloban; other places neglected ● In the context of a meteo related disaster, Imagery of 50 cm of poor quality do not let evaluate with high precision the damages – as expressed by UNOSAT on maps published and pre-Haiyan reports Reach Analysis of OSM contributions should be extended to all groups, comparing results with OSM. They should also take account of the reports following the Haiti Earthquake ► Necessity to prepare before disasters, have clear methodology, goals and coordination between the various organizations Rapid access to Imagery Archive Catalogs of Imagery Providers for better response For more granularity and flexibility, Civil Drone or Oblique images could come to the rescue
  • Haiyan Typhoon UNOSAT Damage Assessments for Ormoc, Leyte ● From Worldview Imagery 50cm, Nov.13. UNOSAT states : “Due to the resolution of the imagery and cloud coverage this damage analysis is an estimate of damaged structures and does not reflect the actual total of damaged structures in Ormoc City. This is a preliminary analysis & has not yet been validated in the field.”
  • Imagery Pre-Post Disaster
  • Tacloban, DigitalGlobe, Post-Disaster 50cm
  • Tacloban, Civil Drone, Post-Disaster 4cm by Corephil These Drone images were available after the Activation only
  • Tacloban, Civil Drone, Post-Disaster DETAIL
  • Ebola Outbreak, West Africa, Mar.2014 Mobilisation against an unprecedented Ebola epidemic ● Deadly and very contagious epidemy ● Spreads for the first time in vast regions ● The priority is to locate and isolate suspected cases
  • Ebola Outbreak ● Coordinators : Pierre Béland and Andrew Buck, assisted by Amadou Ndong ● MSF identified 3 cities as top priority to investigate about the ebola epidemy and bought imagery. CartONG, with a GIS specialist on the ground, assured the interface between MSF and HOT. They were impressed by the result : 12 hours for detail mapping of Gueckedou, a city of 250,000 people, 20 hours for 3 cities. ● Negociation for free Imagery with Airbus Defense and Mapbox / Digitalglobe permitted to trace the road network and villages outbound for neighbooring regions ● Detailed map is very important especially when going from door to door ● Some Epidemy softwares now based on OpenStreetMap to follow the patient contacts ● Andrew Buck preliminary study – Estimation of population from Landuse surface
  • Ebola Outbreak HOT Response ● March 23 - HOT Members begin monitoring news reports about the outbreak and informing community ● March 24 - HOT Activation at the request for activation from CartONG and MSF-CH; initial plans are to map three cities in Guinea ● Search for Imagery since Bing Imagery is not available for the three towns ● March 26 - Reception of high resolution imagery bought by MSF for the 3 main towns, creation of task manager jobs and appeal to contributors to map ● Detailed mapping for the three towns is realized in 20 hours, including Gueckedou (250,000 people). ● Coordination with CartONG. Red Cross joins later. CartONG assures the interface with the GIS teams on the ground; they contribute to complete the map, adding the neighbourhoods. ● Road and villages are mapped in the neighbooring regions ● Study to estimate village population based on superficy
  • Ebola Outbreak HOT Response The OSM base map was needed by MSF and Red Cross for monitoring the epidemy and to travel in the region. Time was a key element for this Activation Priorities ● Communications : The OSM contributors, developpers and other organizations are invited to participate discussion list, #hot irc, Twitter, HOT Updates ● Areas to map : Humanitarian requests / VISOV analysis of Social medias ● Imagery : Obtain, process and host imagery on servers (OSM- Fr and Mapbox servers) ● Adapt product and services to humanitarian needs Similar services as for Haiyan were offered
  • Ebola Outbreak HOT coordination https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/2014_West_Africa_Ebola_Response
  • Ebola Outbreak VISOV Map, Epidemy contacts http://umap.openstreetmap.fr/fr/map/esov-suivi-epidemie-ebola_6356#6/9.113/-9.152
  • In Summary Crowdsourcing geospatial data Haiti , 2010 (600 mappers, 1.3 million objects approx.) ● Base Map plus identification of Road blocks and refugee camps; inventory of public infrastructures ● Navigation data for rescue teams : Daily updates ● OpenStreetMap data used in derivative products : Ushahid Impact Maps, Damage assessment ● Showed the capacity of the Remote volunteers to support UN Agencies and International organizations
  • Crowdsourcing geospatial data Haiti , 2010 (600 mappers, 1.3 million objects approx.) Philippines, Nov.2013 (1,600 mappers, 4.5 million objects) ● Crowdsourcing Base Map tracing, identification of Road blocks ● Navigation data for rescue teams : Hourly updates (Garmin and OSMAnd Android) ● Damage Asssesments ● Humanitarian style + damaged buildings ► Derived products ● Poster sized Paper maps for Red Cross Teams with the Humanitarian style, 10 days after Haiyan landing ● Training of field teams for data collection with OSM Softwares Organizing OSM contributors contributed to more efficient work ►More efficient Coordination - Early identification of priority areas - Archived Images Availibility - Assessment methods and Goals - Distribution among various groups of areas to cover (+ Map who does what ?)
  • Crowdsourcing geospatial data Haiti , 2010 (600 mappers, 1.3 million objects approx.) Philippines, Nov.2013 (1,600 mappers, 4.5 million objects) Ebola Outbreak, West Africa, March 2014 (363 mappers, 1.6 million objects) ● 3 major towns traced in 20 hours; Neighboring regions were later covered ● Extracts for GIS Analysis : Daily updates ● Navigation data for rescue teams : Daily updates (Garmin and OSMAnd Android) ● MSF ►Geospatial tools should be part of the answer for future epidemics
  • OpenStreetMap Tools and Services In the context of Activations
  • OpenStreetMap Humanitarian Style Transport Style ---> Minimal
  • Osmose : Quality control
  • Query Tools : Overpass Service, Building and Road status visualization using Overpass OSM Extract Queries http://overpass-turbo.eu/s/1xj https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Damaged_buildings_crisis_ma
  • HOT Exports http://export.hotosm.org/ ● Exports in various formats for Gis Analysis
  • Derived OSM Maps OSM layers are integrated in various products Red Cross UN-FAO GISCorps ESRI MapBox, etc.
  • Umap Service : POI's and dynamic url
  • Impact Maps (Ushahidi or the like) Visov https://haiyan.crowdmap.com/
  • Yolanda Typhoon Geonode Data Mart to offer exports with various formats ● Road, Bridge damages (extract from OSM)
  • IOM personal Joe Lowry CCBYSA2.0 http://flic.kr/p/hHMxee “You should see people's faces light up when we arrive with a load of OpenStreetMap posters” Dale Kunce – American Red Cross American Red Cross. Used with permission https://twitter.com/RedCross/status/401088520481042432
  • MapOSMaticMapOSMatic Street Map + Street Index
  • Field Teams Wireless equipment innovations to support Offline road navigation and editing OpenStreetMap to share data with other organizations
  • Haiyan Typhoon Navigation data Robert Banick, Red Cross “When I was in Tacloban, I ran into a Red Cross team handing out relief supplies. They told me that OpenStreetMap—which we loaded onto their GPS devices as they deployed—was super useful. The maps saved them from getting lost or wasting time when they had to reroute off damaged roads. They were able to give directions to Filipino drivers. It all leads to more efficient delivery of supplies to people affected by Typhoon Haiyan.”
  • Wireless tools OSMTracker for Android ● Download OSM Background ● Edit Offline, save tracks, update with JOSM ● add note
  • Wireless tools OsmAnd, Route Details
  • Wireless tools OsmAnd Navigation Android ● Online and Offline OSM data ● Style plugins ex.Contour llines
  • Wireless tools OsmAnd Navigation Android
  • OpenStreetMap OpenData Let's humanitarians share with other organizations OSM C E R C E R C E R C E R C E R C E R C E R
  • ● Informal networks based on trust, prior experience, and common training proved essential to effective coordination. Rapid Needs assessment ● A quick situational awareness report provides greater value than a detailed needs assessment in the initial days following wide-scale devastation. ● In Tacloban, imagery proved more effective in conducting rapid needs assessment.