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Sociolinguistics

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  • 1. SOCIOLINGUISTICSJessica Elaine Cavazos Babcock
  • 2. ISSUES IN SOCIOLINGUISTICSResearchers collect examples of language usage intheir naturally occurring environments and study themin relation to the findings of other sociolinguisticsresearch work.
  • 3. SOCIOLINGUISTICSIs the study of language in society. Sociolinguistics isthe study of the linguistic indicators of culture andpower
  • 4. WAYS PEOPLE SPEAKCategorizing the ways people speak
  • 5. IDIOLECT AND SOCIOLECTIndividuals speak in characteristic ways that may bepeculiar to them in certain circumstances we call thisidiolect. People often use language in ways that theyshare with many other people: most generally we can callthese patterns sociolects.
  • 6. STANDARD NON - STANDARD ANDCODIFICATIONStandardization is a process that is apparent in almost allmodern nations , in which one variety of a particularlanguage is taken up and promoted as the standard form.Codification is a prominent feature of standard forms.
  • 7. PRESTIGE, STIGMATIZATION ANDLANGUAGE LOYALTYThis is an important feature of sociolinguistics enquiry, peoples attitude towards their own language oftenaffects the form of that language.
  • 8. DIALECT, ACCENT AND LANGUAGEPLANNINGA standardize variety is usually a regional dialect. Adialect refers to the characteristic patters of words andword- order which are used by a group of speakers. Anaccent can also be standardize and stigmatize.
  • 9. SPEECH COMMUNITIESThe way people speak often serves to define them as agroup
  • 10. DESCRIPTIVE TOOLS OF LANGUAGEVARIATIONTraditionally linguistics has categorized the differentdimensions of language as a rank scale from thesmallest units of individuals sounds or letters up tothe largest scale of whole discourses.
  • 11. PHONOLOGICAL VARIATIONVariation in accent has provided the major focus ofsociolinguistics studies so far. This is because observingand recording occurrences of individual sounds is mucheasier then waiting all day for a particular word.
  • 12. LEXICAL VARIATIONDepends largely on different lexical items being usedfrom region to region. Phrasal variations include theIrish and Scottish is that you.. When an English personwould say are you finished .
  • 13. LINGUISTIC VARIATIONThe entire language can be treated as variable bilingual ormultilingual individuals can often move from onelanguage to another within a single utterance andsometimes even with a sentence. This is called code –switching
  • 14. GEOGRAPHICAL AND SOCIALMOBILITYDialects within a language are often localizedgeographically. We can speak of dialect chains wherethe shift from one dialect to the next is not suddenbetween one town or country.
  • 15. IDENTITYNot only do linguistic patterns signal social andindividual identity, but people conscious awareness oftheir personal, ethnic, geographical political and familyidentities is often a factor in their language use.
  • 16. SOCIAL NETWORK RELATIONSIt has been recognized that the relative of relationsbetween individuals within a social group is alsoimportant in understanding how linguistic features aremaintained, reinforced and spread.
  • 17. WORKING WITH SOCIOLINGUISTICDATACollecting and analyzing sociolinguistic dataInterpreting sociolinguistic data Models and framework The teesside study