Learning Theories for theDigital AgeSteve WheelerInstitute of EducationPlymouth UniversityPhoto by Steve Wheeler
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Albert_Einstein_1947.jpg“I never teachmy students.I only providethe conditionsin wh...
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Behaviourism/Instructionism
‘Personal windows’ on the worldSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
Surface LearningDeep LearningSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Marton F and Säljö, R. (1976) On Qualitative Difference...
KnowledgeWisdomTransformationhttp://slated.orgKnowing thatKnowing howKnowing whyCognitionApplicationAnalysisEvaluationDecl...
DataInformationKnowledgeWisdomTransformationENGAGEMENTSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
http://www.flickr.com/photos/specialkrb/2772991999SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
PassiveObserverTransactionalParticipantPeripheralParticipantAdapted from: Karalis, T. (2010) Situated and transformative l...
‘Transformativelearning involvesexperiencing a deep,structural shift in thebasic premises ofthought, feelings, andactions....
Perspective transformationPsychological (changes in self concept)Convictional changes (revision of belief systems)Behaviou...
PassiveObserverTransactionalParticipantPeripheralParticipantCoreGroupFullMemberAdapted from: Karalis, T. (2010) Situated a...
We learn by doing (Piaget, 1950)Photo by Steve WheelerSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
Commenting, discussingSharing, retweeting, liking, favouritingWatching, lurking, readingCuratingCreating, repurposingThe E...
Students taking notesPhoto: Lori CullenSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
http://web.media.mit.edu/~papert/“I am convincedthat the bestlearning takesplace when thelearner takescharge.”– Seymour Pa...
Digital Natives? (Prensky, 2001)Prensky, M. (2001) Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants, Part 1. On the Horizon.Emerald Pub...
http://jiscrsc.jiscinvolve.org/wp/files/2013/04/digvis-digres.png“We all fall somewhere along a continuum betweenDigital V...
Personal Learning NetworksPhoto by Steve WheelerSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
//bradley.chattablogs.com“ ‘I store my knowledge in my friends’ …is an axiomfor collecting knowledge… through collecting p...
http://thirdmonth.blogspot.co.ukComputers as‘mind tools’ forthe engaging oflearners incritical thinking- David Jonassen‘Ne...
Beyond my reachWhat I can learn with help(ZPD)ZPD and scaffoldingWhat I canlearn on myownTechnology and toolsKnowledgeable...
Photo by Mark Hillary http://www.flickr.com/photos/markhillary/4135336907/SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Twitter Wall
We learn by making (Papert, 1980)Photo by Steve WheelerSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
LearningUsergeneratedcontentSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Learning by making
Learning2.0ToolsCollaboratingSharingVotingNetworkingUsergeneratedcontentArchitecture of participationTaggingSteveWheeler,U...
SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
Blogginghttp://www.volusion.com/In the actof writing......we arewritten.- Daniel ChandlerSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth...
“Blogging ... Is themost important formof unchoreographedpublic discourse thatwe have.”- Lawrence Lessighttp://news.oreill...
Flip the roles, not just the classroomSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
“Education must beginwith the solution ofthe teacher-studentcontradiction, byreconciling the polesof the contradiction sot...
http://www.infed.org/biblio/b-learn.htmWe learn by teachingSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
Bearpit Pedagogyhttp://open.salon.comSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
Self organised learningFor successful self organised learning the essentialcomponents are:• Communication• Reflection• Col...
HeutagogyFlâneurSelf-determinedlearningHase & KenyonSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
Making ConnectionsIn Connectivism, learning involves creatingconnections and developing a network. It isa theory for the d...
RhizomesDeleuze &GuattariAnarchy of the WebSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
Rhizomatic learningSource: Cormier, D. (2008) http://davecormier.com/edblog/©SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2008“In the...
http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matterGlobalSocialPersonalSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
“All too often we aregiving young peoplecut flowers when weshould be teachingthem to grow their ownplants.”- John W. Gardn...
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Learning Theories for the Digital Age

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Learning Theories for the Digital Age

  1. 1. Learning Theories for theDigital AgeSteve WheelerInstitute of EducationPlymouth UniversityPhoto by Steve Wheeler
  2. 2. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Albert_Einstein_1947.jpg“I never teachmy students.I only providethe conditionsin which theycan learn.”- Albert EinsteinSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  3. 3. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Behaviourism/Instructionism
  4. 4. ‘Personal windows’ on the worldSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  5. 5. Surface LearningDeep LearningSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Marton F and Säljö, R. (1976) On Qualitative Differences in Learning, 2: Outcomeas a function of the learners conception of the task, British Journal of EducationalPsychology 46, 115-27
  6. 6. KnowledgeWisdomTransformationhttp://slated.orgKnowing thatKnowing howKnowing whyCognitionApplicationAnalysisEvaluationDeclarativeProceduralCriticalSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  7. 7. DataInformationKnowledgeWisdomTransformationENGAGEMENTSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  8. 8. http://www.flickr.com/photos/specialkrb/2772991999SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  9. 9. PassiveObserverTransactionalParticipantPeripheralParticipantAdapted from: Karalis, T. (2010) Situated and transformative learning: exploring thepotential of critical reflection to enhance organizational knowledge, Developmentand Learning in Organizations, Vol. 24 (1), 17 - 20SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Lurking = legitimate peripheral participation?Core
  10. 10. ‘Transformativelearning involvesexperiencing a deep,structural shift in thebasic premises ofthought, feelings, andactions.’(O’Sullivan, 2003)http://www.halloffame.outreach.ou.edu/2003/Mezirow.htmlJack MerizowSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Merizow, J. (1991) Transformative dimensions of adult learning. San Francisco:Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  11. 11. Perspective transformationPsychological (changes in self concept)Convictional changes (revision of belief systems)Behavioural changes (changes in lifestyle)SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Photo by Steve WheelerMerizow, J. (1991) Transformative dimensions of adult learning. San Francisco:Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  12. 12. PassiveObserverTransactionalParticipantPeripheralParticipantCoreGroupFullMemberAdapted from: Karalis, T. (2010) Situated and transformative learning: exploring thepotential of critical reflection to enhance organizational knowledge, Developmentand Learning in Organizations, Vol. 24 (1), 17 - 20SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013The transformation ‘event horizon’ – Kevin Burden
  13. 13. We learn by doing (Piaget, 1950)Photo by Steve WheelerSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  14. 14. Commenting, discussingSharing, retweeting, liking, favouritingWatching, lurking, readingCuratingCreating, repurposingThe EngagementPyramid(Adapted from Altimeter Group)SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  15. 15. Students taking notesPhoto: Lori CullenSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  16. 16. http://web.media.mit.edu/~papert/“I am convincedthat the bestlearning takesplace when thelearner takescharge.”– Seymour PapertSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  17. 17. Digital Natives? (Prensky, 2001)Prensky, M. (2001) Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants, Part 1. On the Horizon.Emerald PublishingSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  18. 18. http://jiscrsc.jiscinvolve.org/wp/files/2013/04/digvis-digres.png“We all fall somewhere along a continuum betweenDigital Visitor and Digital Resident, from veryoccasional online interaction, like accessing your bankaccount, to the evolution of a complex online presencethrough a variety of platforms.” – Judy Bloxham (JISC,2013)Digital Residents, Digital Visitors(White & Le Cornu, 2011)SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  19. 19. Personal Learning NetworksPhoto by Steve WheelerSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  20. 20. //bradley.chattablogs.com“ ‘I store my knowledge in my friends’ …is an axiomfor collecting knowledge… through collecting people”.- Karen StephensonSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Distributed LearningConnectivism
  21. 21. http://thirdmonth.blogspot.co.ukComputers as‘mind tools’ forthe engaging oflearners incritical thinking- David Jonassen‘New’ Social Constructivism
  22. 22. Beyond my reachWhat I can learn with help(ZPD)ZPD and scaffoldingWhat I canlearn on myownTechnology and toolsKnowledgeable othersSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  23. 23. Photo by Mark Hillary http://www.flickr.com/photos/markhillary/4135336907/SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Twitter Wall
  24. 24. We learn by making (Papert, 1980)Photo by Steve WheelerSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  25. 25. LearningUsergeneratedcontentSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Learning by making
  26. 26. Learning2.0ToolsCollaboratingSharingVotingNetworkingUsergeneratedcontentArchitecture of participationTaggingSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  27. 27. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  28. 28. Blogginghttp://www.volusion.com/In the actof writing......we arewritten.- Daniel ChandlerSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  29. 29. “Blogging ... Is themost important formof unchoreographedpublic discourse thatwe have.”- Lawrence Lessighttp://news.oreilly.com“Never have somany peoplewritten so muchto be read by sofew...”- Katie HafnerSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  30. 30. Flip the roles, not just the classroomSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  31. 31. “Education must beginwith the solution ofthe teacher-studentcontradiction, byreconciling the polesof the contradiction sothat both aresimultaneouslyteachers andstudents.”- Paulo Freirehttp://arts.anu.edu.auSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  32. 32. http://www.infed.org/biblio/b-learn.htmWe learn by teachingSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  33. 33. Bearpit Pedagogyhttp://open.salon.comSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  34. 34. Self organised learningFor successful self organised learning the essentialcomponents are:• Communication• Reflection• Collaboration• Community• Creative Tools• AmplificationSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  35. 35. HeutagogyFlâneurSelf-determinedlearningHase & KenyonSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  36. 36. Making ConnectionsIn Connectivism, learning involves creatingconnections and developing a network. It isa theory for the digital age drawing uponchaos, emergent properties, and selforganised learning.(It’s not what you know, but who you know)Source: Wikipediahttp://www.pestproducts.comSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  37. 37. RhizomesDeleuze &GuattariAnarchy of the WebSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  38. 38. Rhizomatic learningSource: Cormier, D. (2008) http://davecormier.com/edblog/©SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2008“In the rhizomatic view,knowledge can only benegotiated, [and is] apersonal knowledge-creation process withmutable goals andconstantly negotiatedpremises.”
  39. 39. http://www.slideshare.net/courosa/why-social-networks-matterGlobalSocialPersonalSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  40. 40. “All too often we aregiving young peoplecut flowers when weshould be teachingthem to grow their ownplants.”- John W. Gardnerhttp://picsnwall.com/wp-content/uploadsSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
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