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Human resource management

  1. Human Resource Management System & Function prepared By Faheem Ahmad EMBA-F14-19 Superior University Lahore MBA(Executive)
  2. Great Quotation “The greatest tragedy in America is not the destruction of our natural resources, though that tragedy is great. The truly great tragedy is the destruction of our human resources by our failure to fully utilize our abilities, which means that most men and women go to their graves with their music still in them.” Oliver Wendell Holmes Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. was an American physician, poet, professor, lecturer, and author.
  3. Session Objectives Introduction of HRM Definition of HRM HRM functions To understand … Recruitment &Selection process Training& Development process Performance Appraisal process Pay Roll Compensation &Benefits To understand the Main HR Roles & Responsibilities
  4. Introduction Human resource management is a process of bringing people and organization together so that the goals of each are met .it tries to secure the best from people by winning their whole hearted cooperation . In short, it defined as the art of procuring ,developing and maintaining competent workforce to achieve the goals of an organization in an effective and efficient manner.
  5. Definition Of Human Resource Management (HRM)  Human resource management (HRM, or simply HR) is a function in organizations designed to maximize employee performance in service of their employer's strategic objectives. HR is primarily concerned with how people are managed within organizations, focusing on policies and systems.
  6. Why name human resource management?  Human: refer to the skilled workforce in the organization.  Resource: refer to limited availability or scarce.  Management: refer to maximize or proper utilization and make best use of limited and a scarce resource.
  7. What is HRM?  Human Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an organization that focuses on recruitment, management , and providing direction for the people who work in the organization.  It deals with issues related to people such as compensation, hiring, performance management, organization development, safety, wellness, benefits, employee motivation, communication, administration, and training.
  8. What do HR Managers Do? Human Resource professionals create systems for managing employees that support an organization’s overall strategy. To accomplish this they Analyze and design jobs. Forecast supply and demand for workers. Ensure legal compliance. Implement affirmative action plans. Recruit and select candidates to fill open positions.  Train and develop employees to meet current and future job demands
  9.  Manage employee performance and career progress.  Develop basic pay structures.  Create incentive plans.  Administer benefit programs.  Assure employees safety and health.  Retain employees.  Improve employee morale.  Reduce turnover and carry out disciplinary actions, all while applying constantly evolving technology.
  10. HRM Functions  There are seven main functions of HR . .  Manpower planning  Recruitment and selection of employees  Employee education, training and development  Compensation &Benefits (Employee motivation)  Performance Appraisal (Employee evaluation)  Industrial relations  Provision of employee services (safety &Health Benefit)
  11. What is Manpower Planning Manpower Planning which is also called as Human Resource Planning consists of putting right number of people, right kind of people at the right place, right time, doing the right things for which they are suited for the achievement of goals of the organization. Human Resource Planning has got an important place in the arena of industrialization. Human Resource Planning has to be a systems approach and is carried out in a set procedure.
  12. The procedure is as follows:  Analyzing the current manpower inventory  Making future manpower forecasts  Developing employment programmes  Design training programmes
  13. Steps in Manpower Planning  Analyzing the current manpower inventory- Before a manager makes forecast of future manpower, the current manpower status has to be analyzed. For this the following things have to be noted-  Type of organization  Number of departments  Number and quantity of such departments  Employees in these work units Once these factors are registered by a manager, he goes for the future forecasting.  Making future manpower forecasts- Expert Forecasts: Trend Analysis: Work Load Analysis: Work Force Analysis:
  14. Other Methods  Developing employment programmes- Once the current inventory is compared with future forecasts, the employment programmes can be framed and developed accordingly, which will include recruitment, selection procedures and placement plans.  Design training programmes- These will be based upon extent of diversification, expansion plans, development programmes, etc. Training programmes depend upon the extent of improvement in technology and advancement to take place. It is also done to improve upon the skills, capabilities, knowledge of the workers.
  15. Importance of Manpower Planning  It is a double –edged weapon . if used properly ,it leads to the maximum utilization of human resources , reduce excessive labor turnover and high absenteeism , improve productivity and aid in achieving the objectives of an organization.
  16. Needs Of Manpower Planning  Manpower Planning is a two-phased process because manpower planning not only analyses the current human resources but also makes manpower forecasts and thereby draw employment programmes. Manpower Planning is advantageous to firm in following manner:  Shortages and surpluses can be identified.  All the recruitment and selection programmes are based on manpower planning.  It also helps to reduce the labor cost as excess staff can be identified and thereby overstaffing can be avoided.  It also helps to identify the available talents in a concern and accordingly training programmes can be chalked out to develop those talents.  It helps in growth and diversification of business. Through manpower planning, human resources can be readily available and they can be utilized in best manner.  It helps the organization to realize the importance of manpower management which ultimately helps in the stability of a concern.
  17. Recruitment &Selection  Recruitment is a process of identifying and hiring best-qualified candidate (from within or outside of an organization) for a job vacancy, in a most timely and cost effective manner.  The process begins when applications are brought in and ends when the same is finished. The result is a pool of applicants, from where the appropriate candidate can be selected.
  18. Recruitment cycle Identify Vacancy Prepare job description Advertising The Vacancy Managing the Response Short Listing Arrange interview Conduct Interview &Decision making
  19. Source of Recruitment Internal source ..  Transfer  Promotion  Upgrading  Demotion  Retired employee  Retrenched employee  Employee reference
  20. External source  Advertisement (print media ,mass media)  Educational institutions  Placement agencies/outsourcing  Job portals (,  Employment exchange  Labor contractors  Unsolicited applicant  Employment at factory gate
  21. Selection involves the series of steps by which the candidates are screened for choosing the most suitable persons for vacant posts.
  22. Training & Development  Training is a process of learning a sequence of programmed behavior.  It is a act of increasing the knowledge and skills of an employees, for performing a particular job.  Newly recruited employees require training so as to perform their task effectively.  Instruction , coaching, guidance helps them to handle jobs completely, without any wastage .  Development is a long -term educational process utilizing a systematic and organized procedure by which managerial personnel learn conceptual and theoretical knowledge for general purpose.
  23. Performance Appraisal  Performance appraisal may be defined as a structured formal interaction between a subordinate and supervisor, that usually takes the form of a periodic interview (annual or semi-annual), in which the work performance of the subordinate is examined and discussed, with a view to identifying weaknesses and strengths as well as opportunities for improvement and skills development.  Its rates the employees in terms of their performance  It is necessary to understand each employee’s abilities, competencies and relative merit and worth for the organization.  It may be half yearly or yearly report .
  24. 360 degree performance appraisal  The 360 degree appraisal is the appraisal given by peers, subordinates ,workers , head of the department etc, that means the appraisal given from all the people working in the organization .  In short The half yearly or yearly report of work schedule goes from company to head quarter of all the workers performance is the appraisal it contains all the promotion ,demotion, and other activities related to the performance.
  25. Pay Roll  The term 'payroll' encompasses every employee of a company who receives a regular wage or salary or other compensation. Payroll refers to the administration of employees' salaries, wages, bonuses, net pay, and deductions.  It consist of the employee ID, employee name, date of joining, daily attendance record, basic salary, allowances, overtime pay, bonus, commissions, incentives, pay for holidays, vacations and sickness, value of meals and lodging etc. There are some deductions such as PF, taxes, loan installments or advances taken by employee.
  26. Figure: Components of Monthly Payroll Figure: Components of Annual Payroll
  27. Compensation & Benefits  Compensation is the remuneration received by an employee in return for their contribution to the organization.  It is an organized practice that involves balancing the work- employee relation by providing monetary and non-monetary benefits to employees.  Compensation is an integral part of human resource management which helps in motivating the employees and improving organizational effectiveness.
  28. Components of Compensation System Pay Structure Salary Surveys Job Analysis
  29. Two types of compensation given by any Organization  Direct compensation  Indirect compensation
  30. Employees Benefits  Benefits in kind (also called fringe benefits, perquisites, perks) are various non-wage compensations provided to employees in addition to their normal wage or salaries, Where an employee exchanges (cash) wages for some other form of benefit, this is generally referred to as a 'salary sacrifice' arrangement..  Some of these benefits are:  Housing (employer-provided or employer-paid),  Group insurance (health ,life ,etc.)  Disability income & protection,  Retirement Benefits
  31.  Reimbursement,  Seek leave, Vacation (paid and non-paid),  Social security , profit sharing ,funding of education, and other specialized benefits.  Perk-refer to those benefits of a more discretionary nature. Often, perks are given to employees who are doing notably well and/or have seniority.  Common perks are  Take –home vehicles, hotel stays  Free refreshments, leisure activities on work time (golf etc.), stationary allowances
  32. HR Roles and Responsibilities in changing Environment The HR Roles and Responsibilities needs to react to this basic request by the organization to keep the level of the satisfaction.  Nowadays, the HRM has to deliver even more. The HR Roles and Responsibilities have to take the high level recognition of the organization and they need to be adjusted to make a full fit. The HR Roles have to be adjusted to: keep HRM Function focused on tracking and implementing new trends in the industry.
  33.  keep HRM Function focused on helping the line management to implement improvements.  keep HRM Function focused on operational excellence.  keep HRM Function responsible for developing the Human Capital potential in the organization.
  34. Thank You