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Md. Riyan Mansoori
Mr. Narendra Vishwakarma
“WE LIVE IN AN AGE OF INFORMATION, IN WHICH
THE FREE FLOW OF INFORMATION AND IDEAS
DETERMINES THE PACE OF DEVELOPMENT AND
WELL BEING OF THE PEOPLE. THE
IMPLEMENTATION OF RTI ACT IS, THEREFORE, AN
IMPORTANT MILESTONE IN OUR QUEST FOR
BUILDING AN ENLIGHTENED AND AT THE SAME
TIME, A PROSPEROUS SOCIETY. THEREFORE, THE
EXERCISE OF THE RIGHT TO INFORMATION
CANNOT BE THE PRIVILEGE OF ONLY A FEW.”
Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India,
Valedictory Address at the National Convention on RTI,
October 15, 2006
To participate in the governance of
To be a part of decision making in
the government and governmental
To make government transparent
and public servants answerable.
Why Right To Information Act Was
HOW PUBLIC CAN
It is possible only
when people have
accessible to public.
LINKS BETWEEN RTI AND
RTI act fulfill these ambitions
Official Secrets Act 1923 had made
disclosure of information punishable
Freedom of Information Act 2002 failed
Now the tide has turned. RTIA makes
disclosure mandatory. (giving power to
Right To Information Act-2005
RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT-
When did it
WHAT DOES INFORMATION
“Information means any material in any form
including records, documents, memos, emails,
opinions, advices, press releases, circulars, orders,
logbooks, contracts, reports, papers, samples,
models, data material held in any electronic form
and information relating to any private body which
can be accessed by a public authority under any
other law for the time being in force”.
What does a “Public Authority" mean?
Any authority or body or institution of self government
established or constituted
1. by or under the Constitution;
2. by any other law made by Parliament;
3. by any other law made by State Legislature;
4. by notification issued or order made by the appropriate
Government and includes any- body owned, controlled or
substantially financed non-Government organization
substantially financed directly or indirectly by the appropriate
What information is accessible – Right to
Right to inspect records or works.
Right to Certified Copies.
Right to Get Samples or Model.
Right to Get information in Electronic
The List of 22 exempted organizations is given below:
•Intelligence Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs
•Directorate of Revenue Intelligence, Ministry of Finance
•Central Economic Intelligence Bureau, Ministry of Finance
•Directorate of Enforcement, Ministry of Finance
•Narcotics Control Bureau
•Aviation Research Centre
•Special Frontier Force
•Border Security Force, Ministry of Home Affairs
•Central Reserve Police Force, Ministry of Home Affairs
•Indo-Tibetan Border Police, Ministry of Home Affairs
•Central Industrial Security Force, Ministry of Home Affairs
•National Security Guard, Ministry of Home Affairs
•Research & Analysis Wing of The Cabinet Secretariat
•Assam Rifles, Ministry of Home Affairs
•Sashastra Seema Bal, Ministry of Home Affairs
•Special Protection Group
•Defence Research and Development Organisation, Ministry of Defence
•Border Road Development Organisation
•Financial Intelligence Unit, India
•Directorate General Income Tax (Investigation)
•National Technical Research Organisation
•National Security Council Secretariat
Exempted organisationsExempted organisations
PIO (PUBLIC INFORMATION
Who are Public information officers?
PIOs are the public authorities in all administrative units
under it to provide information to citizens requesting for
information under the act.
What are the duties of PIOs?
Pio shall deal with requests from persons seeking
information and where the request cannot be made in
writing, to tender reasonable assistance to the person to
reduce the same in writing.
PIO (Public Information
• Any person may submit a written request to the PIO
• It is the PIO's obligation to provide information to
citizens of India who request information under the
• If the request pertains to another public authority (in
whole or part), it is the PIO's responsibility to
transfer/forward the concerned portions of the
request to a PIO of the other authority within 5
• In addition, every public authority is required to
designate Assistant Public Information
Officers (APIOs) to receive RTI requests and
appeals for forwarding to the PIOs of their public
Central Information Commission
The Central Information Commission (CIC) set up
under the Right to Information Act is the
authorised body, established in 2005,under the
Government of India to act upon complaints from
those individuals who have not been able to submit
information requests to a Central Public
Information Officer or State Public Information
Officer due to either the officer not having been
appointed, or because the respective Central
Assistant Public Information Officer or State
Assistant Public Information Officer refused to
receive the application for information under the
HOW TO REQUEST
1. Identify the public authority which holds the
2. Identify who to submit your application to within the
3. Draft a clearly focused application
4. Submit your application
After completing the application, you need to send it
The PIO in the public authority which has the
information you want; or
The APIO located at the sub-district or sub-divisional
level near you, who is then under a duty to forward
your application to the relevant PIO.
FORMAT OF APPLICATION
This is the most frequently asked
Answer is ‘there is no specific format
for the application.’
Still, here we are providing formatformat which
is time tested.
RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT
Information to be provided by the
2 Nationality / citizenship
3 Permanent address
4 Address for correspondence
5 Details of information required
(If necessary a separate sheet may be attached)
6 Details of application fee paid
Demand Daft No. & date
Drawn in favour of
Fee for information can be paid through
Indian Postal Order (IPO), cheque or by
demand draft or by cash in person in
Here we are showing how to pay through
IPO method which is simple for postal
HOW TO GET IPO AND FILL
Go to any post office.
Ask for the IPO of Rs. 10/- which
costs Rs.11/- ( Rs.1/- is commission).
Here it looks like.
POSTING OF AN APPLICATION
Always do post by registered post/
speed post as government officials are
notorious for their apathy towards RTI
Preserve the receipt of registered
post/speed post for the proof.
If the request has been made to the PIO, the
reply is to be given within 30 days of receipt.
If the request has been made to an APIO, the
reply is to be given within 35 days of receipt.
If the PIO transfers the request to another public
authority (better concerned with the information
requested), the time allowed to reply is 30
days but computed from the day after it is
received by the PIO of the transferee authority.
However, if life or liberty of any person is
involved, the PIO is expected to reply within 48
The first appeal lies within the public authority by
the concerned public authority.
The first Appellate Authority happens to be an officer
senior in rank to the PIO.
The second appeal lies with the Central Information
In order to perform his/her duties effectively, the
Appellate Authority should study the Act carefully
and understand its provisions correctly.
Maximum response time is 30 days from the First
Appellate but in exception circumstances it is 45 days.
But in no case more than 45 days.
The first appeal may be made within 30 days from the
date of expire of the prescribed period