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RTI

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A brief explanation on right to information act.

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RTI

  1. 1. RTI (RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT) Presented By- Md. Riyan Mansoori Guided By- Mr. Narendra Vishwakarma Email- Riyanr.riyan@gmail.com
  2. 2. “WE LIVE IN AN AGE OF INFORMATION, IN WHICH THE FREE FLOW OF INFORMATION AND IDEAS DETERMINES THE PACE OF DEVELOPMENT AND WELL BEING OF THE PEOPLE. THE IMPLEMENTATION OF RTI ACT IS, THEREFORE, AN IMPORTANT MILESTONE IN OUR QUEST FOR BUILDING AN ENLIGHTENED AND AT THE SAME TIME, A PROSPEROUS SOCIETY. THEREFORE, THE EXERCISE OF THE RIGHT TO INFORMATION CANNOT BE THE PRIVILEGE OF ONLY A FEW.” Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India, Valedictory Address at the National Convention on RTI, October 15, 2006
  3. 3. To participate in the governance of successful democracy. To be a part of decision making in the government and governmental bodies. To make government transparent and public servants answerable. Why Right To Information Act Was necessary?
  4. 4. Is it possible to customize our government??
  5. 5. HOW PUBLIC CAN PARTICIPATE??  It is possible only when people have access to information.  Government should make information accessible to public.
  6. 6. LINKS BETWEEN RTI AND GOOD GOVERNANCE  Greater Transparency  Promotion of citizen-government partnership  Greater Accountability  Reduction in corruption
  7. 7. RTI act fulfill these ambitions substantially Official Secrets Act 1923 had made disclosure of information punishable Freedom of Information Act 2002 failed Now the tide has turned. RTIA makes disclosure mandatory. (giving power to people) Right To Information Act-2005
  8. 8. RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT- 2005  When did it come into force??  Who is covered??
  9. 9. WHAT DOES INFORMATION MEAN?? “Information means any material in any form including records, documents, memos, e­mails, opinions, advices, press releases, circulars, orders, logbooks, contracts, reports, papers, samples, models, data material held in any electronic form and information relating to any private body which can be accessed by a public authority under any other law for the time being in force”.
  10. 10. What does a “Public Authority" mean? Any authority or body or institution of self government established or constituted 1. by or under the Constitution; 2. by any other law made by Parliament; 3. by any other law made by State Legislature; 4. by notification issued or order made by the appropriate Government and includes any- body owned, controlled or substantially financed non-Government organization substantially financed directly or indirectly by the appropriate Government.
  11. 11. What information is accessible – Right to Information means:  Right to inspect records or works.  Right to Certified Copies.  Right to Get Samples or Model.  Right to Get information in Electronic Form.
  12. 12. The List of 22 exempted organizations is given below: •Intelligence Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs •Directorate of Revenue Intelligence, Ministry of Finance •Central Economic Intelligence Bureau, Ministry of Finance •Directorate of Enforcement, Ministry of Finance •Narcotics Control Bureau •Aviation Research Centre •Special Frontier Force •Border Security Force, Ministry of Home Affairs •Central Reserve Police Force, Ministry of Home Affairs •Indo-Tibetan Border Police, Ministry of Home Affairs •Central Industrial Security Force, Ministry of Home Affairs •National Security Guard, Ministry of Home Affairs •Research & Analysis Wing of The Cabinet Secretariat •Assam Rifles, Ministry of Home Affairs •Sashastra Seema Bal, Ministry of Home Affairs •Special Protection Group •Defence Research and Development Organisation, Ministry of Defence •Border Road Development Organisation •Financial Intelligence Unit, India •Directorate General Income Tax (Investigation) •National Technical Research Organisation •National Security Council Secretariat Exempted organisationsExempted organisations
  13. 13. PIO (PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICER)  Who are Public information officers? PIOs are the public authorities in all administrative units under it to provide information to citizens requesting for information under the act.  What are the duties of PIOs? Pio shall deal with requests from persons seeking information and where the request cannot be made in writing, to tender reasonable assistance to the person to reduce the same in writing.
  14. 14. PIO (Public Information Officer) • Any person may submit a written request to the PIO for information. • It is the PIO's obligation to provide information to citizens of India who request information under the Act. • If the request pertains to another public authority (in whole or part), it is the PIO's responsibility to transfer/forward the concerned portions of the request to a PIO of the other authority within 5 working days. • In addition, every public authority is required to designate Assistant Public Information Officers (APIOs) to receive RTI requests and appeals for forwarding to the PIOs of their public authority.
  15. 15. Central Information Commission The Central Information Commission (CIC) set up under the Right to Information Act is the authorised body, established in 2005,under the  Government of India to act upon complaints from those individuals who have not been able to submit information requests to a Central Public Information Officer or State Public Information Officer due to either the officer not having been appointed, or because the respective Central Assistant Public Information Officer or State Assistant Public Information Officer refused to receive the application for information under the RTI Act
  16. 16. HOW TO REQUEST INFORMATION?? 1. Identify the public authority which holds the information. 2. Identify who to submit your application to within the public authority. 3. Draft a clearly focused application 4. Submit your application After completing the application, you need to send it to:  The PIO in the public authority which has the information you want; or  The APIO located at the sub-district or sub-divisional level near you, who is then under a duty to forward your application to the relevant PIO.
  17. 17. FORMAT OF APPLICATION  This is the most frequently asked question.  Answer is ‘there is no specific format for the application.’  Still, here we are providing formatformat which is time tested.
  18. 18. RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT APPLICATION FORMAT Sl. No. Particulars Information to be provided by the information seeker 1 Name 2 Nationality / citizenship 3 Permanent address Phone : Email ID: 4 Address for correspondence Phone : Email ID: 5 Details of information required (If necessary a separate sheet may be attached) 6 Details of application fee paid Demand Daft No. & date Amount Drawn in favour of
  19. 19. FEE PAYMENT  Fee for information can be paid through Indian Postal Order (IPO), cheque or by demand draft or by cash in person in concerned office.  Here we are showing how to pay through IPO method which is simple for postal applications.
  20. 20. HOW TO GET IPO AND FILL IT Go to any post office. Ask for the IPO of Rs. 10/- which costs Rs.11/- ( Rs.1/- is commission). Here it looks like.
  21. 21. Indian Postal order (IPO)
  22. 22. COMPLETELY FILLED IPO
  23. 23. POSTING OF AN APPLICATION  Always do post by registered post/ speed post as government officials are notorious for their apathy towards RTI applications.  Preserve the receipt of registered post/speed post for the proof.
  24. 24. RESPONSE TIME  If the request has been made to the PIO, the reply is to be given within 30 days of receipt.  If the request has been made to an APIO, the reply is to be given within 35 days of receipt.  If the PIO transfers the request to another public authority (better concerned with the information requested), the time allowed to reply is 30 days but computed from the day after it is received by the PIO of the transferee authority.  However, if life or liberty of any person is involved, the PIO is expected to reply within 48 hours.
  25. 25. APPELLATE AUTHORITY  The first appeal lies within the public authority by the concerned public authority.  The first Appellate Authority happens to be an officer senior in rank to the PIO.  The second appeal lies with the Central Information Commission.  In order to perform his/her duties effectively, the Appellate Authority should study the Act carefully and understand its provisions correctly.  Maximum response time is 30 days from the First Appellate but in exception circumstances it is 45 days. But in no case more than 45 days.  The first appeal may be made within 30 days from the date of expire of the prescribed period

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