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The Great Mughal Empire
(Aurangzeb)
Presented by;
Samim Ahmady
Najeebullah
Md.Ashraf
Somveer Sheoran
Introduction
 Under the Mughals, India was the heart of a great Islamic empire
and a prolific center of Islamic culture a...
Aurangzeb 1659 - 1707
Empire declined under the 6th emperor,
Aurangzeb. Why?
1. Wars of succession with his brothers
2....
AurangzebAurangzeb over expanded the empire and strained
his resources.
 Large sums of money and manpower were lost.
 H...
Aurangzeb’s Architectural Legacy
Bibi ka Maqbara, Aurangbab 1678
Aurangzeb
Taj Mahal, Agra 1631-1652
Shah Jehan
Built near...
Mughal Art
 The Mughal Empire and the Great Mughals will
always be remembered as a great influence on the
artistic and cu...
• Known for manuscripts and Persian
miniature paintings.
• Very symbolic.
• Involved a lot of nature (birds, flowers,
anim...
• Nearly 400 monuments have survived a
time-span of 132 years.
•White marble and red sandstone was
favored.
•Semi-precious...
• Kurta ~ an informal
dress worn by Mughal
men and women.
• Sometimes sewn with
gold or silver threads.
• Cut in long, flo...
The Sikhs
Is a monotheistic religion founded during the 15th
century in the Punjab.
 Sikhs – changed from peace loving
t...
Effect of Aurangzeb
Imposed Jizya or poll tax again
Trampled all who protested
25 year military campaign to stop rebels...
• Centralized government
system.• Persian art/culture merged
with native Indian art/culture.
• New trade routes with Arabs...
mughal empire ppt architecture
mughal empire ppt architecture
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mughal empire ppt architecture

  1. 1. The Great Mughal Empire (Aurangzeb) Presented by; Samim Ahmady Najeebullah Md.Ashraf Somveer Sheoran
  2. 2. Introduction  Under the Mughals, India was the heart of a great Islamic empire and a prolific center of Islamic culture and learning.  Dynasty was the greatest, richest and longest lasting Muslim dynasty to rule India.  Mongol Descendents  The Great Mughal Emperors were:  Babur (1526-1530) The First of the Mughals  Humayun (1530-1556) The Luckless Leader  Akbar (1556-1605) The Great  Jehangir (1605-1627) The Paragon of Stability  Shah Jehan (1627-1658) The Master Builder  Aurangzeb (1658-1707) The Intolerant
  3. 3. Aurangzeb 1659 - 1707 Empire declined under the 6th emperor, Aurangzeb. Why? 1. Wars of succession with his brothers 2. Orthodox, intolerant Muslim. Response? 3. Rise of nationalist, independence movements. Marathas – devout Hindus;Lived in northern Deccan Plains, proud military ; Rebellion against Aurangzeb Shivaji – master of guerilla warfare (tiger claws story)
  4. 4. AurangzebAurangzeb over expanded the empire and strained his resources.  Large sums of money and manpower were lost.  He lost the support of the Hindu people.  The over expansion of his empire weakened his administration. Aurangzeb died in 1707 s son Bahadur Shah succeeded him. Bahadur was so old by the time he ascended the throne, he only managed to live a few more years. But at this point in time, the government was so unstable and so weak, the empire become an easy target of invasion and exploitation, first by the Persians, and then by the British. The death of Aurangzeb and the short reign of his son led to the end of the Mughal empire and the beginning of British Rule.
  5. 5. Aurangzeb’s Architectural Legacy Bibi ka Maqbara, Aurangbab 1678 Aurangzeb Taj Mahal, Agra 1631-1652 Shah Jehan Built nearly 50 years apart, the Taj Mahal and the Bibi la Maqbara are very similar in architectural style. Aurangzeb’s other architectural legacy included: • Moti Masjid (Delhi Fort), Delhi (1659) • Buri-I-Shamali (Delhi Fort), Delhi • Badshahi Mosque, Lahore (1674)
  6. 6. Mughal Art  The Mughal Empire and the Great Mughals will always be remembered as a great influence on the artistic and cultural life of India. Their architectural style can still be seen today such as the Taj Mahal built by Shah Jehan and the buildings at Fatehpur Sikri.  The remarkable flowering of art and architecture under the Mughal Empire is due to several factors.  The empire provided a secure framework within which artistic genius could flourish. Both Hindu and Muslim artists collaborated to produce some of the best Indian art.  The empire commanded wealth and resources that were unparalleled in Indian history.  The Mughal emperors were themselves patrons of art whose intellectual ideas and cultural outlook were expressed in the architecture.
  7. 7. • Known for manuscripts and Persian miniature paintings. • Very symbolic. • Involved a lot of nature (birds, flowers, animals, etc.) • Very colorful and detailed. •In 1680 Emporer Shah Jahan banned music and painting from his court, but he allowed architectural art, such as the Pearl Mosque and the Taj Mahal.
  8. 8. • Nearly 400 monuments have survived a time-span of 132 years. •White marble and red sandstone was favored. •Semi-precious gemstones were popular (jade, crystal, etc.) • Used arches sparingly. • Symmetry and balance stressed. • Used octagons a lot.
  9. 9. • Kurta ~ an informal dress worn by Mughal men and women. • Sometimes sewn with gold or silver threads. • Cut in long, flowing panels for comfort; about knee-length. • Traditional wear in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
  10. 10. The Sikhs Is a monotheistic religion founded during the 15th century in the Punjab.  Sikhs – changed from peace loving to militant due to Aurangzeb’s persecutions; Gurus killed; letter “K” long hair, short pants, a comb, a dagger, an iron disk.  Surname Singh means “Lion”
  11. 11. Effect of Aurangzeb Imposed Jizya or poll tax again Trampled all who protested 25 year military campaign to stop rebels Drained national treasury 1707 death, bitter old man who regretted the destruction he had caused Persians sweep in 1739; 1862 last Mughal dies in British prison
  12. 12. • Centralized government system.• Persian art/culture merged with native Indian art/culture. • New trade routes with Arabs and Turks. • New architectural style. • Landscape gardening. • Urdu language developed from the fusion of Indian and Islamic culture.• Urdu = Persian + Arabic + Turkish

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