2. 1. Using Volume and Pace
2. Maintaining Posture
3. Maintaining Eye Contact
4. Using Facial Expressions
5. Using Presentation Aids
3. Speak at an acceptable volume.
◦ Shows audience that you are confident
◦ Shows that you know your subject matter well
◦ Shows that you are prepared
◦ Helps the audience to pay attention to what you are
4. Consider the size of the room.
◦ If the room is large, speak at a louder volume and project
your voice so people at the back of the room can hear
Size of the audience
◦ If you are speaking to a
large number of people
(eg. the entire class),
project your voice
5. Monitoring the pace you speak at is also essential
to giving a successful presentation.
◦ If you speak too quickly, the audience may not be able to
understand what you are saying.
◦ If you speak too slowly, the audience may lose interest
and stop paying attention.
Pause after important points so that the audience
can take in the information.
6. Posture refers to the way
we stand, where we place
our arms and legs, and how
we carry ourselves.
The next slide shows some
tips on maintaining
appropriate posture during
7. Do … Do NOT …
Stand up straight. Slouch.
This shows that you are confident This shows the audience that
and prepared. you lack confidence and
It helps you to project your voice respect.
Relax your neck and shoulders. Put your hands in your
It helps you breathe better and pockets.
maintain a good volume. This shows you are nervous or
Use appropriate hand gestures. Use too many hand gestures.
This helps you to emphasise an idea This distracts the audience.
Move at appropriate points . Move too much.
Pacing and rocking back and
8. Eye contact is made when we look at people
and hold their gaze.
Making eye contact with the audience shows:
1) Making eye contact shows you are prepared and at
Looking away or at your feet indicates that you are
nervous or not ready for the presentation.
2) Knowledge It also shows that you have full knowledge of your
3) Attitude Looking at the audience shows that you care if they
Looking elsewhere indicates to the audience that
you are unenthusiastic about the presentation.
9. Presentation aids include handouts, slideshows
Purpose of using presentation aids:
◦ Makes the presentation more effective and interesting
◦ Makes the presentation easier to follow for the audience.
10. Here are some tips about presentation aids:
◦ Do NOT use distracting colours or fonts in your
slideshows. The main focus should be on what you are
◦ Do NOT use colours or font size that are not visible
from the back of the classroom.
◦ Do NOT read directly from the handout or slides. You
should make eye contact with your audience!
11. Ensure that you:
◦ Do NOT put chunks of text in your slides.
◦ Put the MAIN POINTS on the slides, then elaborate on
your main points verbally.
◦ Have prepared what you are going to say on cue cards
or on paper.
12. Use your creativity!
Videos, jokes and/or comics can be included along the
way to engage your audience.
Ask questions or get your audience to participate!
You can also dress up!
These will definitely make
your presentation more
interesting and memorable!
13. For a successful presentation, PRACTICE
Get together as a group and run through your