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Addressing PNT threats in critical defense infrastructure

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Addressing PNT threats in critical defense infrastructure

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PNT threats are at an all-time high, creating unprecedented operational risk to defense information systems and more. Learn how to combat these threats from our GPS World Webinar slides.

PNT threats are at an all-time high, creating unprecedented operational risk to defense information systems and more. Learn how to combat these threats from our GPS World Webinar slides.

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Addressing PNT threats in critical defense infrastructure

  1. 1. Addressing PNT threats in critical defense infrastructure Nino De Falcis, senior director, sync business development, Americas, Oscilloquartz, ADVA Dec 1, 2022 | 1-2 p.m. ET (30min) | 60-Min Sync Webinar Series
  2. 2. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 2 Who we are? 73-year-old Swiss-based timing and synchronization company owned by ADVA (since 1949) 28 year-old German-based optical networking company (since 1994) 37-year-old US-based optical networking company in Huntsville, AL | Nasdaq: ADTN (since 1985) Acquired in 2021 by
  3. 3. PNT* threats are at an all-time high everywhere and are growing in sophistication DISA/DISN Army Air Force Navy *Positioning, Navigation and Timing. Timing enables P and N Space Force GPS/LEO PNT land sea air Data Centers space PNT threats network GPS USNO/ NIST
  4. 4. C5ISR - Command, control, communications, computers, cyber, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance DISA/DISN Army Air Force Navy Space Force C5ISR land sea air Data Centers space Current C5ISR center is the concept of supporting the army’s combat capabilities with reliable and real-time information for tactical battlefield decisions. Secure, resilient and synchronized datacomms support critical land, sea, air and space missions network Centralized
  5. 5. JADC2 – Joint all-domain command and control DoD/DISN Army Air Force Navy Space Force land sea air Neural Data Centers space Future JADC2 is the concept to connect sensors/weapons from all branches of the armed forces into a unified network powered by AI. Tactical networks will utilize 5G/5G ORAN capabilities for ubiquitous high-speed connectivity, to move massive data to connect distant sensors into a dense and resilient battlefield network. Low-latency and synchronized datacomms will enable next-gen connected unmanned/autonomous weapons systems across all domains 5G network Core Backhaul Mid/Fronthaul Edge/Mobile C5ISR JADC2 Decentralized AI
  6. 6. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 6 *Time- + GPS-Backup- “as-a-Service” concept needs to be deployed at all domain branches Requirements • DoD zero-trust strategy “never trust, always verify” • GPS cannot be a single point of failure in PNT capability • Secure, resilient and assured PNT with six 9’s reliability • DHS resilient PNT guideline “use multiple sources” • End-to-end “defense-in -depth” PNT capability Applications • Resilient and assured PNT for all combat domains (land, sea, air, space) • Secure and synchronized multidomain tactical datacomms • Accurate timing for real-time DISN/C5ISR information network • Synchronized JADC2 network powered with AI and 5G/5G ORAN • Precise timing for connected sensors/radars (event trigger/timestamp) • TaaS+GBaaS* concept enabling resilient and assured PNT Defense network timing requirements and applications Mcode GPS/GNSS Diversified/Encrypted LEO PNT Surveillance DISN AI Intelligent connected sensors/weapons JADC2 network ecosystem
  7. 7. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 7 Massive data needs to move into battlefield network in fractions of second • Hypersonic weapons - guiding Mach 5-speed missiles/dodging interceptor missiles • Hypersonic missile defense - detecting/tracking/launching air defense measures • Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) - Live streaming real-time 4K videos • Drones and AI - unmanned/autonomous with facial recognition to select targets • Smart military base - improved C2 (Command and Control) systems • Battle networks - interconnected soldiers/vehicles/etc. with high-speed multimedia capability • Battlefield wearables - enable MMTC* technology (1M devices operating within 1 sq km) • Augmented reality and virtual reality (AR and VR) - for simulation, training and mission rehearsal *massive machine type communication Source: DEFENCEXP JADC2 applications requiring 5G technology
  8. 8. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 8 Are PNT threats real? Oct 27, 2022 Jan 21, 2022 Disruption “lasted for 33.5 hours. Wireline and cellular providers had timing backup systems and were unaffected. A radio system with no backups suffered, as did a simulcast radio system that used rubidium backup clocks” March19, 2022 Oct 19, 2022
  9. 9. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 9 • PNT stands for Positioning, Navigation and Timing. Timing enables P and N • Protect defense/industry critical infrastructure (CI) against PNT service disruptions from frequent GPS/GNSS and NTP/PTP timing attacks – GPS, commercial or Mcode, is a single point of failure and can no longer be considered the sole reliable source for CI • Deploy resilient, multisource and survivable PNT systems (OSA’s assured PNT+ technology) • Target critical infrastructure under national security threats • Use published resilient PNT guidelines and standard in progress • DHS Resilient PNT Conformance Framework • NIST Cybersecurity Framework for PNT Profile • IEEE P1952 Resilient PNT for User Equipment Standard working group Driven by US Federal Executive Order 13905 What is the new resilient PNT mandate/standard? Power grids Finance Transportation Communications Data centers
  10. 10. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 10 What are the DHS Resilient PNT guidelines Core functions PNT Resiliency levels DHS Resilient PNT Conformance Framework driving the IEEE P1952 Standard working group Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 1 source 2 sources 3 sources multisource next-gen system End goal vs. risk profile
  11. 11. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 11 UNDER REVIEW What are the PNT cyber threats and GNSS vulnerabilities? jamming environmental satellite attacks adjacent-band transmitters spoofing External GPS/GNSS level RARE PNT threats COMMON GPS/GNSS degradation causes sat ground station space debris Figure 4.1 – Known GPS vulnerabilities to telecom (updated)
  12. 12. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 12 What are the PNT cyber threats and GNSS vulnerabilities? RARE Cyberattacks Internal network level COMMON NTP PTP PNT threats / / client clock boundary clock network interference GPS/GNSS receiver
  13. 13. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 13 How our trusted aPNT+ technology works? control + visibility+ assurance + scalability + redundancy detection + verification + backup + mitigation multisource neural monitoring and management 1 2 assured PNT+
  14. 14. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 14 How our trusted aPNT+ technology works? control + visibility+ assurance + scalability + redundancy detection + verification + backup + mitigation multisource neural monitoring and management 1 2 assured PNT+
  15. 15. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 15 How our trusted aPNT+ technology works? control + visibility+ assurance + scalability + redundancy detection + verification + backup + mitigation multisource neural monitoring and management zero-trust multisource™ backup framework 1 2 3 assured PNT+
  16. 16. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 16 aPNT+ technology at work Zero-trust multisource™ PNT backup PNT multilayer attack detection GPS/GNSS source Neural multilevel fault- tolerant PNT mitigation PNT attacks PNT resiliency and assurance components smart grandmaster clock 3 4 2 1 Oct 27, 2022 OSA 5422 device receiver antenna network
  17. 17. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 17 PNT backup with innovative GBaaS* Zero-trust multisource™ PNT backup solution Autonomous optical cesium atomic clock OSA 3350 GPS/GNSS source 1 Zero-trust multisource™ PNT backup 3 4 2 PNT multilayer attack detection *GPS/GNSS-Backup-as-a-Service Neural multilevel fault- tolerant PNT mitigation + Other sources (NIST, eLoran, LEO, etc.) OSA 5422 + Network PTP/ NTP timing feeds
  18. 18. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 18 PNT mitigation with innovative AI Syncjack/Sync Director Neural multilevel fault-tolerant PNT mitigation solution GPS/GNSS source 1 Zero-trust multisource™ PNT backup 3 4 2 PNT multilayer attack detection •AI SyncJack monitor •AI Ensemble Sync Director management Neural multilevel fault- tolerant PNT mitigation device/network Monitor OSA 5422 ✓ Trusted aPNT+™ platform technology ✓ Intelligentdefense-in-depth capability ✓ 10G ultrahigh-speedclock ✓ Enhanced level 4 PNT resiliency ✓ PNT assurance/compliance ✓ 99.9999% uptime
  19. 19. *Time-as-a-Service+**GPS/GNSS-backup-as-a-service concept Enabling TaaS*+GBaaS** for resilient and assured PNT in 5G DISN/C5ISR/JADC2 network Mcode GPS/GNSS Diversified/Encrypted LEO PNT Surveillance
  20. 20. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 20 Best practice timing architecture for 5G MIL networks eCPRI Backhaul Middlehaul Fronthaul Ethernet +/-100ns (+/-300ns) +/-1100ns Access Unit Distribution Unit Central Unit 5G Core Network AU DU CU CU CU G.8275.1 or G.8275.2 (L2/L3) G.8275.1 (L2) RRU Remote Radio Unit Timing budget PTP timing chain OSA AI Ensemble Sync Director management OSA 5430 OSA 3350 TaaS+GBaaS (ePRTC* standard) *enhanced Primary Reference Time Clock BC Other sources (NIST, eLoran, LEO PNT, etc.) GNSS/GPS Mcode 1 4 2 5 3 class A-D PTP PTP PTP
  21. 21. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 21 Best practice timing architecture for 5G MIL networks eCPRI Backhaul Middlehaul Fronthaul Ethernet +/-100ns (+/-300ns) +/-1100ns Access Unit Distribution Unit Central Unit AU DU CU CU CU G.8275.1 or G.8275.2 (L2/L3) G.8275.1 (L2) RRU Remote Radio Unit Timing budget PTP timing chain OSA AI Ensemble Sync Director management OSA 5422 OSA 5430 OSA 3350 TaaS+GBaaS (ePRTC* standard) OSA 5405 OSA 5401 *enhanced Primary Reference Time Clock BC Other sources (NIST, eLoran, LEO PNT, etc.) GNSS/GPS Mcode 1 6 7 8 4 2 5 class A-D PTP PTP PTP 3 5G Core Network
  22. 22. Enabling TaaS* with GBaaS** for resilient and assured PNT in neural data centers supporting secure, reliable 5G DISN/C5ISR/JADC2 network *Time-as-a-Service+**GPS/GNSS-backup-as-a-service concept Mcode GPS/GNSS Diversified/Encrypted LEO PNT Surveillance
  23. 23. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 23 Networkwide Sync Mgmt WAN network Packet LAN network Best practice redundant timing architecture for 5G MIL data centers MIL Neural Data Center (DC-1) MIL Neural Data Center (DC-2) PTP failover backup cross reference monitoring 1 2 GM-2* NTP 1 *GPS/GNSS NTP/PTP grandmaster time server GM-1* PNT backup sources Cesium, NIST, WR, eLORAN, LEO, etc. OSA 5422 OSA 3350 +/-30ns GNSS/GPS Mcode 3 OSA AI Ensemble Sync Director management
  24. 24. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 24 Networkwide Sync Mgmt WAN network Packet LAN network Best practice redundant timing architecture for 5G MIL data centers MIL Neural Data Center (DC-1) MIL Neural Data Center (DC-2) PTP failover backup cross reference monitoring 1 2 3 GM-2* PTP Server running critical AI- based JADC2 applications PTP 4 NTP 5 6 Client software sync monitor OSA TimeCard 5400 OSA SoftSync PTP Client 1 *GPS/GNSS NTP/PTP grandmaster time server GM-1* PNT backup sources Cesium, NIST, WR, eLORAN, LEO, etc. OSA 5422 OSA 3350 +/-30ns ms accuracy µs accuracy ns accuracy OSA AI Ensemble Sync Director management GNSS/GPS Mcode
  25. 25. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 25 Neural timing management for 5G MIL networks/data centers Neural AI/ML intelligence with multilevel fault-tolerance for end-to-end control, visibility and self-survivability Geolocation DC-1 and DC-2 PTP backup assurance from core GM-1 Timing chain alert with cesium/ PTP backup rearrangements Core GM-1 alert with cesium backup + PTP backup to GM-2 Timing topology with cesium/PTP backup GNSS attack Vendor- agnostic analytics for GPS/GNSS assurance trusted PTP backup Cesium backup GM-2 alert with PTP backup from GM-1 DC-2 DC-1 DC-2 DC-1 GM-2 GM-2 GM-1 trusted PTP ePRTC DC-1/ GM-1 DC-2/ GM-2 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Networkwide Sync Mgmt OSA AI Ensemble Sync Director management
  26. 26. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 26 MIL timing product range by best-fit/cost application AI Ensemble Sync DirectorTM OSA 5422 OSA 541x OSA 5430 NG GM/SSU OSA 5420/21 OSA 5412 accessSyncTM edgeSyncTM edgeSync+TM coreSyncTM OSA 5401 OSA 5405-I/O/MB/P SFP SyncPlug OSA 5440 NG GM/SSU coreSyncTM device/network AI Monitor Front/backhaul network* Core network* O-RAN/ edge DC* TV studio Defense comms* Aviation radars Data center Financial trading 911 center Smart power grids OSA SoftSync Linux OSAinsideTM SyncModule OSA 5400 GPS/LEO/SATCOM ground station* TimeCard *DISN/C5SR/JADC2 OSA 3350 optical Cs ePRC+ 3230B Cs magnetic PRC/ePRC coreSyncTM OSA 3300-HP optical Cs
  27. 27. Thank you IMPORTANT NOTICE ADVA is the exclusive owner or licensee of the content, material, and information in this presentation. Any reproduction, publication or reprint, in whole or in part, is strictly prohibited. The information in this presentation may not be accurate, complete or up to date, and is provided without warranties or representations of any kind, either express or implied. ADVA shall not be responsible for and disclaims any liability for any loss or damages, including without limitation, direct, indirect, incidental, consequential and special damages, alleged to have been caused by or in connection with using and/or relying on the information contained in this presentation. Copyright © for the entire content of this presentation: ADVA. info@adva.com | www.oscilloquartz.com

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