Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.

PPT ON BANANA FIBRE

8 808 vues

Publié le

Banana fiber is a natural fiber and very very very much useful in our day to day life. In coming days the BANANA FIBER is going to mark its presence for sure.

Publié dans : Formation
  • Dating for everyone is here: ♥♥♥ http://bit.ly/39sFWPG ♥♥♥
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici
  • Dating direct: ❤❤❤ http://bit.ly/39sFWPG ❤❤❤
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici

PPT ON BANANA FIBRE

  1. 1. T O P I C S E M I N A R On B A N A N A F I B R E Date: 11th April 2k17 SUBMITTED TO: Faculty of Engineering and Technology Rajasthan Technical University, Kota FOR: The partial completion of the requirements for Degree of Bachelor of Technology in TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY BY: Master Aman Agrawal Cultural Secretary 13EMBTT011 Under the assistance and supervision of Mr. V P SINGH Head of Department (Textile Technology) MLV Textile and Engineering College, Bhilwara (Raj.) (An Autonomous Institute of Govt. of Rajasthan)
  2. 2. BANANA FIBRE
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION • THE NATURAL FIBERS ARE RENEWABLE, NON-ABRASIVE, BIO-DEGRADABLE, POSSESS A GOOD CALORIFIC VALUE, EXHIBIT EXCELLENT MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND ARE INEXPENSIVE. • THIS GOOD ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY FEATURE MAKES THE MATERIALS VERY POPULAR IN ENGINEERING MARKETS SUCH AS THE AUTOMOTIVE AND CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY. • THE BANANA FIBERS ARE WASTE PRODUCT OF BANANA CULTIVATION, THEREFORE WITHOUT ANY ADDITIONAL COST THESE FIBERS CAN BE OBTAINED FOR INDUSTRIAL PURPOSES. 3
  4. 4. BANANA PLANT • BANANA PLANT NOT ONLY GIVES THE DELICIOUS FRUIT BUT IT ALSO PROVIDES TEXTILE FIBER, THE BANANA FIBER. • IT GROWS EASILY AS IT SETS OUT YOUNG SHOOTS AND IS MOST COMMONLY FOUND IN HOT TROPICAL CLIMATES. • ALL VARIETIES OF BANANA PLANTS HAVE FIBERS IN ABUNDANCE. • THESE FIBERS ARE OBTAINED AFTER THE FRUIT IS HARVESTED AND FALL IN THE GROUP OF BAST FIBERS. • THIS PLANT HAS LONG BEEN A GOOD SOURCE FOR HIGH QUALITY TEXTILES IN MANY PARTS OF THE WORLD, ESPECIALLY IN JAPAN AND NEPAL. 4
  5. 5. CHARACTERISTICS Natural sorbent: Fabric from theses fibres lets you breathe well and will keep you cool on hot days. Soft, supple and shimmer: Banana fabric is soft and supple, though not quite as soft as cotton or rayon. Nearly all plant stem-based fibres are a little more stiff and coarse than cotton or rayon. Its natural shimmer makes it look a lot like silk. Comfort: Banana fibre clothing is comfortable and not likely to trigger allergies. Biodegradable. Resistance: It is grease-proof, water-, fire- and heat-resistant. Durability: Even if the banana fabric is made from the tough outer sheath, it is not as strong and durable as any fabric like hemp, bamboo, or other natural fibre. Insulation: It is not particularly insulating. Spin ability and tensile strength: It is better than other organic fibres in terms of spin ability and tensile strength
  6. 6. PROPERTIES OF BANANA FIBER • BANANA FIBER IS SIMILAR TO THAT OF BAMBOO FIBER, BUT ITS FINENESS AND SPIN ABILITY IS BETTER. • THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF BANANA FIBER IS CELLULOSE, HEMICELLULOSES, AND LIGNIN. • IT IS HIGHLY STRONG FIBER. • IT HAS SMALLER ELONGATION. • IT HAS GOT SHINY APPEARANCE DEPENDING UPON THE EXTRACTION & SPINNING PROCESS. • IT IS LIGHT WEIGHT. • IT ABSORBS AS WELLAS RELEASES MOISTURE VERY FAST. • IT IS BIO- DEGRADABLE AND HAS NO NEGATIVE EFFECT ON ENVIRONMENT AND THUS CAN BE CATEGORIZED AS ECO-FRIENDLY FIBER. • IT CAN BE SPUN THROUGH ALMOST ALL THE METHODS OF SPINNING INCLUDING RING SPINNING, OPEN-END SPINNING, BAST FIBER SPINNING, AND SEMI-WORSTED SPINNING AMONG OTHERS. 6 Tenacity 29.98 g/denier Fitness 17.15 denier Moisture regain 13 per cent Elongation 6.54 Alco-ben extractives 1.70 per cent Total cellulose 81.8 per cent Alpha cellulose 61.5 per cent Residual Gum 41.9 per cent Lignin 15. per cent
  7. 7. 7 PROPERTIES BANANA FIBRE JUTE PAPER HEMP SISAL Highest Tensile Strength Yes Extensibility Yes Water resistance Yes Softness Yes Yes Yes Fire resistance Yes Yes Yes Grease proof Yes COMPARISON
  8. 8. EXTRACTION PROCESSING, YARN SPINNING AND WEAVING
  9. 9. MATERIALS REQUIRED  BANANA FIBER  RESIN (POLYESTER, CAN BE USED MANY)  HARDENER (METHYL ETHYL KETONE PEROXIDE, MANY OTHERS CAN BE USED AS HARDENER)  FILLER (SILICON POWDER, MANY OTHER TYPE OF FILLERS CAN BE USED)  RELEASING AGENT Resin(60%) Hardener(10%) Filler(30%)
  10. 10. STEPS INVOLVED • THE BANANA FIBER IS OBTAINED FROM BANANA PLANT. • THE EXTRACTED BANANA FIBER FIRSTLY SUN DRIED AND THEN DRIED IN OVEN TO REMOVE WATER CONTENT PRESENT IN THE FIBER. • THEN BANANA FIBER OF DIFFERENT LENGTH IS MIXED WITH MATRIX MIXTURE WITH THEIR RESPECTIVE VALUES BY SIMPLE MECHANICAL STIRRING AND MIXTURE ARE SLOWLY POURED IN DIFFERENT MOULDS. • RELEASING AGENT IS USED ON MOULD SHEET WHICH GIVES EASE TO REMOVAL OF COMPOSITE FROM THE MOULD. • AFTER POURING IN TO THE MOULD IT IS HEATED TO 30°C FOR APPROXIMATELY 24 HOURS. • A CONSTANT LOAD IS APPLIED ON TO THE MOULD. • AFTER CURING IS DONE, THE SPECIMEN IS TAKEN OUT FROM THE MOULD. 10
  11. 11. INFLUENCE OF FIBER PARAMETERS ON TENSILE STRENGTH • THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF THE BANANA FIBER BASED EPOXY COMPOSITES DEPENDS ON FIBER PARAMETERS • THE TENSILE STRENGTH OF BANANA FIBER REINFORCED COMPOSITES INCREASES WITH INCREASE IN FIBER LENGTH AND LOADING. 12
  12. 12. INFLUENCE OF FIBER PARAMETERS ON FLEXURAL STRENGTH • WHEN FIBER LENGTH INCREASES THE FLEXURAL STRENGTH OF THE FABRICATED COMPOSITES FIRST INCREASES UP TO 10 MM LENGTH AND THEN DECREASES. • WHEN FIBER LOADING INCREASE THEN FLEXURAL STRENGTH INCREASE UP TO FIBER LOADING 15% THEN DECREASES. • THE MAXIMUM FLEXURAL STRENGTH IS OBSERVED WHEN FIBER LENGTH IS 10 MM AND LOADING IS 15%. 13
  13. 13. INFLUENCE OF FIBER PARAMETER ON IMPACT STRENGTH • THE IMPACT ENERGY IS INCREASES WITH INCREASE IN FIBER LENGTH. IT ALSO SHOW THAT THE IMPACT ENERGY INCREASES WITH INCREASES IN FIBER LOADING. • THE MAXIMUM IMPACT ENERGY ABSORBED BY THE MATERIAL 15 MM LENGTH OF FIBER AND 20% FIBER CONTENT. 14
  14. 14. INFLUENCE OF FIBER PARAMETERS ON HARDNESS • THE HARDNESS VALUE INCREASES WITH INCREASE IN FIBER LENGTH AND IT IS MAXIMUM AT 10 MM FIBER LENGTH. • HOWEVER, WITH INCREASE OF FIBER LOADING HARDNESS VALUE INCREASES UP TO FIBER LOADING 15% THEN THE HARDNESS VALUE DECREASES. 15
  15. 15. USES 16
  16. 16.  KULKARNI A. G., ROHATGI P. K., SATYANARAYANA K. G., SUKUMARAN K., PILLAI S. G. K., FABRICATION AND PROPERTIES OF NATURAL FIBER-REINFORCED POLYESTER COMPOSITES, COMPOSITES, 17 (1986), PP. 329-333.  MERLINI C., SOLDI V. , BARRA G. M. O., INFLUENCE OF FIBER SURFACE TREATMENT AND LENGTH ON PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SHORT RANDOM BANANA FIBER-REINFORCED CASTOR OIL POLYURETHANE COMPOSITES, POLYMER TESTING, 30 (2011), PP. 833–840.  DHIEB H., BUIJNSTERS J. G., EDDOUMY F., VÁZQUEZ L., CELIS J.P., SURFACE AND SUB-SURFACEDEGRADATION OF UNIDIRECTIONAL CARBON FIBER REINFORCED EPOXY COMPOSITES UNDER DRY AND WET RECIPROCATING SLIDING, COMPOSITES PART A: APPLIED SCIENCE AND MANUFACTURING, 55 (2013), PP. 53–62.  HTTP://CWH.UCSC.EDU/BANANAS/SITE/EARLY%20HISTORY%20OF%20THE%20BANANA.HTML SCHOLASTIC PAPER- ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY BANANA FIBRE  HTTP://WWW.QUANTUMCATDESIGNS.COM/FABRICS-BANANA-FIBRE.ASPX  HTTP://WWW.BANANAFIBRE.IN/PAGES/BANANA.HTML  SCHOLASTIC PAPER-ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY BANANA FIBRE  HTTP://WWW.TEONLINE.COM/KNOWLEDGE-CENTRE/BANANA-FIBRE.HTML  HTTP://WWW.BANANAFIBRE.IN/PAGES/BANANA.HTML  PROJECT FILE ON BANANA FIBRE PROCESSING AND TEXTILE UNIT  HTTP://WWW.BANANAFIBRE.IN/PAGES/PRODUCTS.HTML  _-_A_REVIEW 17
  17. 17. http://www.infodev.org/highlights/entrepreneur-story-turning-waste-banana-harvests-silk-fibre-textile-industry Banana fibre extracting project-scholastic paper Banana fibre for lasting currency note-research paper USAIN Hygiene improvement project counselling card Scholastic paper-environment friendly banana fibre http://www.ecosalon.com/fibre-watch-fabric-from-bananas Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences ISSN: 2231-6345 (Online) http://www.cibtech.org/jls.htm 2012 Vol. 2 (1) January- March, pp.217 -221 /Brindha et al. Journal of materials science 18 (1983) Japan Echo Inc. 2005. Banana Stem Become Denim-like Cloth. Domestic Japanese News Source. 1-6. DOI= http://web- japan.org/trends/science/sci040105.html Banana Fibre: Environmental Friendly Fabric Uraiwan Pitimaneeyakul King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, THAILAND J. Mater. Environ. Sci. 3 (1) (2012) 185-194 ISSN: 2028-2508 CODEN: JMESCN Mechanical Behavior of Banana Fibre Based Hybrid Bio Composites RMUTP International Conference: Textiles & Fashion 2012 July 3-4, 2012, Bangkok Thailand Section III Banana fibre ribbon with flowers Project Profile on Banana Fibre Processing and Textile Unit Penorma Forestry Research paper vol.1 No.1 2005 Article: Banana fibre extracting project (A wealth from waste concept) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877705814033517 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/249356546_Banana_Fiber_Reinforced_Polymer_Composites

×