1. 2020 Summer Olympics (Tokyo Olympics 2020)
● The 2020 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the XXXII Olympiad, and
branded as Tokyo 2020, is an ongoing international multi-sport event being held
from 23 July to 8 August 2021 in Tokyo, Japan, with some preliminary events
that began on 21 July.
● Tokyo was selected as the host city during the 125th IOC Session in Buenos
Aires, Argentina, on 7 September 2013.
● Originally scheduled to take place from 24 July to 9 August 2020, the event was
postponed to 2021 in March 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the
first such instance in the history of the Olympic Games (previous games had
been cancelled but not rescheduled).
2. 2020 Summer Olympics (Tokyo Olympics 2020)
● The Summer Paralympics will be held between 24 August and 5 September
2021, 16 days after the completion of the Olympics.
● The 2020 Games are the fourth Olympic Games to be held in Japan, following
the Tokyo 1964 (Summer), Sapporo 1972 (Winter), and Nagano 1998 (Winter)
● Tokyo is the first city in Asia to hold the Summer Games twice.
● The 2020 Games are the second of three consecutive Olympics to be held in East
Asia, following the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, and
preceding the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing, China.
● The 2020 Games introduced new competitions and re-introduced competitions
that once were held but were subsequently removed.
3. 2020 Summer Olympics (Tokyo Olympics 2020)
● New ones include 3x3 basketball, freestyle BMX and mixed gender team events
in a number of existing sports, as well as the return of madison cycling for men
and an introduction of the same event for women.
● New IOC policies also allow the host organizing committee to add new sports to
the Olympic program for just one Games. The disciplines added by the Japanese
Olympic Committee are baseball, softball, karate, sport climbing, surfing, and
skateboarding, the last four of which make their Olympic debuts.
● The opening ceremony was held on 23 July 2021 in the Olympic Stadium in
Tokyo. It included the traditional Parade of Nations. Emperor Naruhito
formally opened the Games, and at the end of the torch relay the Olympic
cauldron was lit by Japanese tennis player Naomi Osaka.
4. ● SLOGAN : The slogan of the 2020 Summer Olympics torch relay is "Faster,
Higher, Stronger - Together".
● EMBLEM: The official emblems for the 2020 Olympics and Paralympics were
designed by Asao Tokolo, who won a nationwide design contest, it takes the form
of a ring in an indigo-colored checkerboard pattern. The design is meant to
"express a refined elegance and sophistication that exemplifies Japan". The
design is meant to "express a refined elegance and sophistication that
exemplifies Japan". The checkered design resembles a pattern called
5. ● MASCOT: • The official mascot of the 2020 Summer Olympics is Miraitowa, a
figure with blue-checkered ichimatsumoyo patterns inspired by the Games'
Created by Japanese artist Ryo Taniguchi. Miraitowa is named after the Japanese
words for "future" and "eternity". Someitythe official mascot of the 2020 Summer
Paralympics. Someity is named after someiyoshino, a type of cherry blossom.
Someity's name also refers to the English phrase "so mighty"
6. FIRST EVER
● Bermuda, the Philippines, and Qatar won their first-ever Olympic gold medals.
● Burkina Faso, San Marino, and Turkmenistan won their first-ever Olympic
● San Marino became the smallest country to ever medal
● Kokona Hiraki at 12 years and 343 days, Kokona won the silver medal in the
women's park skateboarding with the best score of 59.04. She also became the
youngest Japanese Olympic medallist ever.
● Momiji Nishiya at 13 years and 330 days, Nishiya won the inaugural women's
skateboarding street competition. She was the youngest to win a gold medal in
Tokyo and for Japan with a score of 15.26 points on her fifth and final run for
● India has appeared in every edition of the Summer Olympics since 1920,
although it made its official debut at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris.
● The nation sent its largest-ever contingent of 124 competitors in 18 sports to the
● To date, the 2020 Summer Olympics are the most successful Games for India
since its first regular Olympics appearance in 1920, with Indian Olympians
winning 7 medals (1 gold, 2 silver and 4 bronze).
● India's flag bearers for the opening ceremony of the Tokyo 2020 are Mary Kom
and Manpreet Singh.
● India's flag bearers for the closing ceremony of the Tokyo 2020 is BajrangPunia
8. Indian Medalists
● Neeraj Chopra Athletics (Javelin Throw) Gold
● Bajrang Punia Wrestling 65 kg Bronze
● Ravi Kumar Dahiya Wrestling 57 kg Silver
● Men’s Hockey Team Hockey Bronze
● Lovlina Borgohain Boxing 69 kg Bronze
● PUSARLA V. Sindhu (PV Sindhu) Badminton Bronze
● MIRABAI Chanu Saikhom WeightLifting Silver
9. First Ever in India
● Bhavani Devi is the first Indian fencer to ever qualify for the Olympics after
qualifying for the 2020 Summer Olympics.
● The Indian women's hockey team made history by qualifying for their first
Olympic semi-final. But they lost to Great Britain in the Bronze medal match.
● PV Sindhu became the first Indian woman and only the second Indian athlete —
after Sushil Kumar — to win two individual Olympic medals. She won silver in
● Aditi Ashok misses India's first-ever Olympic medal in golf by a whisker,
finishes 4th in Tokyo Games
10. Paralympic – Tokyo 2020
● Host city: Tokyo, Japan
● Motto: United by Emotion
● Nations: 162 including Refugee Paralympic Team and Russian Paralympic
● Athletes: 4,403
● Events: 539 in 22 sports
● Opening: 24th August 2021
● Closing: 5 th September 2021
● Opened by: Emperor Naruhito
● Stadium: Japan National Stadium
11. ● Newly Added Games: The two newest sports to be given Paralympic status are
badminton and taekwondo, which will both make their debut at the Tokyo 2020
Games. The newest winter sport is snowboard, which was first introduced at the
Sochi 2014 Paralympic Winter Games.
● Emblem: Tokyo 2020 Paralympic emblem features a hand fan in a circle form,
filled with an indigo-colored checkerboard pattern. The design is meant to
"express a refined elegance and sophistication that exemplifies Japan".
● Mascot: The Tokyo 2020 Paralympic mascot's name was revealed as Someity,
(pronounced soh-may-tee) which comes from someiyoshino, a popular cherry
blossom variety, and additionally echoes the English phrase “so mighty”
Indian athletes have appeared in every edition of the Summer Paralympics since 1984,
though they made their official debut at the 1968 Summer Paralympics. This is India's
most successful Paralympic season with 5 golds 8 silvers and 6 bronzes (total 19) and
Ranked at 24th. India's biggest-ever contingent of 54 athletes from India, will be
competing in 9 sports disciplines including archery, athletics (Track and Field),
badminton, swimming, and weightlifting among others at the Tokyo Paralympics.
● India's flag bearers:
• Opening Ceremony: Tek Chand - Javelin throw
• Closing Ceremony: Avani Lekhara – Shooting
First medal for India - Bhavina Patel (Silver, Table Tennis)
First Gold Medal for India - Avani Lekhara, (10 m. Air Rifle)
13. First Ever in India
• Table tennis player Bhavina Patel won India's first Paralympic medal in Table Tennis
in Women's individual class 4 Event
• Shooter Avani Lekhara scripted history as she became the first Indian to win a medal
in Shooting in the Paralympics.
• Shooter Avani Lekhara first Indian woman to win a gold medal at the Paralympics in
Women's R2 10 metre air rifle standing SH1 Event and also became the first Indian
woman to become multiple medalist in Paralympics i.e both Gold & Bronze. • Archer
Harvinder Singh became the first Indian to win a medal in Archery at the Paralympics in
Men's individual recurve open event.
• Pramod Bhagat clinched India's first badminton gold in Paralympics in Men's singles
• Youngest athlete to participate in Tokyo Paralympics - Palak Kohli (19 years old,
Indian, badminton player)
• First IAS officer to win a medal in Paralympic Games - Suhas Yathiraj (Silver
Medal, Badminton, DM Noida)
14. ● 1st rank - China (96-gold, 60-silver, 51-bronze, total-207)
● 2nd rank - Great Britain (41-gold, 38-silver, 45-bronze, total-124)
● 3rd rank - America (37-gold, 36-silver, 31-bronze, total-104)
● India's rank-24th (5-gold, 8-silver, 6-bronze, total-19 medals)
● Paralympic medal, first Indian woman - Deepa Malik (Silver)
● Paralympics 2016-Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) (2024-Paris, France)
16. Tennis Grand Slam 2022 Winners
Australian Open 2022 Winners
Men’s Singles Rafael Nadal (Spain)
Women’s Singles Ashleigh Barty (Australia)
Italian Open 2022 Winners
Men’s Singles Novak Djokovic (Serbia)
Women’s Singles Iga Świątek (Poland)
French Open Tennis 2022 Winners
Men’s Singles Rafael Nadal (Spain)
Women’s Singles Iga Świątek (Poland)
17. Tennis Grand Slam 2022 Winners
Wimbledon Open Tennis 2022 Winners
18. New Education Policy 2020
New education policy was announced by the HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal
Nishank on July 29, 2020. A committee of experts under the chairmanship of
'ISRO' chief K. Kasturirangan prepared the draft of 'National Education Policy
2020' on May, 2019. Under the new education policy, the 5+3+3+4 model will be
implemented in place of the currently active 10+2 educational model.
Himachal Pradesh is the first state to implement the New Education Policy 2020
19. Covid 19 Important Facts
● Corona virus started from Wuhan, China in December, 2019
● Corona's official name -COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease)
● Declared a global pandemic by WHO -on March 11, 2020
● The part of the human body affected by corona virus –Lungs
● First case of corona virus registered in India -In Kerala
● The world's first mask-free country in Corona period Israel
● First death due to corona virus infection in India - in Karnataka
● Appeal of Janata Curfew by PM Modi -March 22, 2020
● First lockdown in India -25 March-14 April, 2020
● First state to declare corona an epidemic –Haryana
● Ventilators developed by 'ISRO' - SVAST, Prana & VaU
20. ● First city to achieve 100% vaccination target – Bhubaneshwar
● First UT to achieve 100% vaccination target-Andaman-Nicobar
● First state to achieve 100% vaccination target-Himachal Pradesh
● KHUDOL initiative against COVID-19 is related to Manipur
● First European country to be free from COVID-19 Slovenia
● India's first airport to have Covid-19 test facility - Delhi
● First country to claim to have developed a corona vaccine- Russia
● Jeevan Vayu' device is developed by -IIT Ropar
● Indian Railways ran the first Oxygen Express for the transportation of oxygen
cylinders from - Visakhapatnam to Nagpur
● Second Oxygen Express was run - Bokaro to Lucknow
● Manufacture of India's first corona vaccine Covaxin'- BharatBiotech and Indian
Council of Medical Research (ICMR)
● Manufacture of Covishield vaccine Serum Institute, Pune
21. Central Government Important Schemes
● Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana: Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana is a National
Mission on Financial Inclusion that provides an integrated approach to bring about robust
financial inclusion and ultimately provide banking services to all households in the
● Make in India: PM Narendra Modi launched the ‘Make in India’ campaign that will
facilitate investment, foster innovation, enhance protection for intellectual property and
build best in manufacturing infrastructure. ‘Make in India’ has identified 25 sectors in
manufacturing, infrastructure and service activities and detailed information is being
shared through interactive web-portal and professionally developed brochures.
● Swachh Bharat Mission: Swachh Bharat Mission was launched in the entire country as a
national movement. The campaign aims to achieve the vision of a ‘Clean India’ by 2nd
October 2019. The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is the most significant campaign with regard
to sanitation by the Government of India.
22. Central Government Important Schemes
● Beti Bachao Beti Padhao: The goal of this scheme is to make girls socially and
financially self-reliant through education.
● Atal Pension Yojna: Atal Pension Yojana is a pension scheme mainly aimed at
providing a universal pension scheme for those who are a part of the
unorganized sector such as maids, gardeners, delivery boys, etc. This scheme
replaced the previous Swavalamban Yojana which wasn’t well-received by the
● Digital India Mission: The Digital India programme is a flagship programme of
the Government of India with a vision to transform India into a digitally
empowered society and knowledge economy.
23. Central Government Important Schemes
● Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-dhan: It is a voluntary and contributory
pension scheme, under which the subscriber would receive the following benefits:
(i) Minimum Assured Pension: Each subscriber under the PM-SYM, shall receive a
minimum assured pension of Rs 3000/- per month after attaining the age of 60 years.
(ii) Family Pension: During the receipt of a pension, if the subscriber dies, the spouse
of the beneficiary shall be entitled to receive 50% of the pension received by the
beneficiary as a family pension. Family pension is applicable only to a spouse.
(iii) If a beneficiary has given a regular contribution and died due to any cause (before
age of 60 years), his/her spouse will be entitled to join and continue the scheme
subsequently by payment of regular contribution or exit the scheme as per provisions
of exit and withdrawal.
24. Central Government Important Schemes
● Ayushman Bharat: Launched in 2018 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Ayushman Bharat is a health scheme. It is the largest government-funded
healthcare programme in the world with over 50 crore beneficiaries. The
Ayushman Bharath programme has two sub-missions PM-JAY & HWCs.
• Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY), earlier known as the National
Health Protection Scheme (NHPS) will cover the financial protection for availing
healthcare services at the secondary and tertiary levels.
• Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) are aimed at improving access to cheap
and quality healthcare services at the primary level. Read about Ayushman
Bharat in detail in the link provided above.