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Intestinal obstruction

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Intestinal obstruction and their types.....

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Intestinal obstruction

  1. 1. “Intestinal obstruction”
  2. 2. Intestinal obstruction is a partial or complete blockage of the bowel that prevent the contents of the intestine from passing through.
  3. 3. Incidence of intestinal obstruction in children infected with Ascaris lumbricoides. ... It was found that most cases of intestinal obstruction occur in children in the 1- to 5-year age group and that this incidence approximates two such complications per 1,000 infected children per year.
  4. 4.  Abdominal or pelvic surgery, which often causes adhesions — a common intestinal obstruction  Crohn's disease, which can cause the intestine's walls to thicken, narrowing the passageway  Cancer in the abdomen, especially if you've had surgery to remove an abdominal tumor or radiation therapy
  5. 5.  Causes of intestinal obstruction:  Mechanical obstructions: Adhesions
  6. 6. Causes for ileus include:  Abdominal or pelvic surgery  Infections, such as gastroenteritis or appendicitis  Some medications, including opioid medications  Electrolyte imbalances
  7. 7.  Hypothyroidism  Disorders that cause nerve injury, such as DM  Parkinson’s disease, Multiple sclerosis
  8. 8.  Abdominal swelling  Appearing excessively drowsy  Having a fever  Passing stools that appear to have blood in them, known as a currant jelly stool  Very loud crying
  9. 9.  Crampy abdominal pain that comes and goes  Loss of appetite  Constipation  Vomiting  Inability to have a bowel movement or pass gas  Swelling of the abdomen
  10. 10.  Tissue death. Intestinal obstruction can cut off the blood supply to part of the intestine. Lack of blood causes the intestinal wall to die. Tissue death can result in a tear (perforation) in the intestinal wall, which can lead to infection.
  11. 11.  Infection. Peritonitis is the medical term for infection in the abdominal cavity. It's a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical and often surgical attention.
  12. 12.  Physical examination  History collection  X-ray
  13. 13.  Computerized tomography (CT).  Ultrasound.  Air or barium enema
  14. 14.  Hospitalization to stabilize patient condition:  Placing an intravenous (IV) line into a vein in your arm so that fluids can be given  Putting a nasogastric tube through your nose and into the stomach to suck out air and fluid and relieve abdominal swelling  Placing a thin, flexible tube (catheter) into the bladder to drain urine and collect it for testing
  15. 15.  A barium or air enema is used both as a diagnostic procedure and a treatment for children with intussusception. If an enema works, further treatment is usually not necessary.
  16. 16.  Removal of obstructed part of intestine and anastomosis to be done on remaining parts.  Ileostomy or colostomy have be done if necessary
  17. 17. anastomosis
  18. 18.  A study was conducted by department of general surgery , Dr Punjabrao Deshmukh memorial medical college , Maharashtra on various causes and modes of presentation of intestinal obstruction . It was found that intestinal obstruction was caused by adhesion (33.33%) mesentric ischemia (11.67%) kochs abdomen (8.33%).
  19. 19.  https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases- conditions/intestinal-obstruction/diagnosis- treatment/drc-20351465  https://www.healthline.com/health/intestinal- obstruction  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bowel_obstruction  http://www.msdmanuals.com/professional/gastrointes tinal-disorders/acute-abdomen-and-surgical- gastroenterology/intestinal-obstruction  https://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/what-is- bowel-obstruction#1

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