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Intestinal obstruction is a partial or complete blockage
of the bowel that prevent the contents of the intestine
from passing through.
Incidence of intestinal obstruction in children
infected with Ascaris lumbricoides. ... It was found that
most cases of intestinal obstruction occur in children
in the 1- to 5-year age group and that
this incidence approximates two such complications
per 1,000 infected children per year.
Abdominal or pelvic surgery, which often causes
adhesions — a common intestinal obstruction
Crohn's disease, which can cause the intestine's
walls to thicken, narrowing the passageway
Cancer in the abdomen, especially if you've had
surgery to remove an abdominal tumor or radiation
Causes of intestinal obstruction:
Causes for ileus include:
Abdominal or pelvic surgery
Infections, such as gastroenteritis or appendicitis
Some medications, including opioid medications
Disorders that cause nerve injury, such as DM
Parkinson’s disease, Multiple sclerosis
Appearing excessively drowsy
Having a fever
Passing stools that appear to have blood in them,
known as a currant jelly stool
Very loud crying
Crampy abdominal pain that comes
Loss of appetite
Inability to have a bowel movement
or pass gas
Swelling of the abdomen
Tissue death. Intestinal obstruction can cut off the
blood supply to part of the intestine. Lack of blood
causes the intestinal wall to die. Tissue death can
result in a tear (perforation) in the intestinal wall,
which can lead to infection.
Infection. Peritonitis is the medical term for infection
in the abdominal cavity. It's a life-threatening
condition that requires immediate medical and often
Computerized tomography (CT).
Air or barium enema
Hospitalization to stabilize patient condition:
Placing an intravenous (IV) line into a vein in your arm
so that fluids can be given
Putting a nasogastric tube through your nose and into
the stomach to suck out air and fluid and relieve
Placing a thin, flexible tube (catheter) into the bladder
to drain urine and collect it for testing
A barium or air enema is used both as a diagnostic
procedure and a treatment for children with
intussusception. If an enema works, further treatment
is usually not necessary.
Removal of obstructed part of intestine and
anastomosis to be done on remaining parts.
Ileostomy or colostomy have be done if necessary
A study was conducted by department of general
surgery , Dr Punjabrao Deshmukh memorial medical
college , Maharashtra on various causes and modes of
presentation of intestinal obstruction . It was found that
intestinal obstruction was caused by adhesion (33.33%)
mesentric ischemia (11.67%) kochs abdomen (8.33%).