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Intellectual property rights

Aditi Roy
6 May 2019
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Intellectual property rights

  1. Presented by- ADITI ROY MPH/10026/18 M.Pharm (1st sem) Dept. of Pharmaceutical Science & Technology BIT Mesra, Ranchi
  2.  Introduction of IP  World Intellectual Property Organization  Importance of IP  Types of IPR  IPR in India  Conclusion
  3.  Intelectutal property is a property that arises from the human intellect .  It is a product of human creation.  Intellectual property comprises 2 distinct form- a) literary & artistic works b) Industrial property
  4.  They are books,paintings,musical composition, plays,movies, & artistic works etc.  They are protected by COPYRIGHT
  5.  Industrial property describes physical matter that is the product of an idea or concept for commercial purposes.  They are protected- -by patented objects -by trademarks -by industrial designs -by trade secrets -by layout designs -by geographical indication
  6. WIPO was established by the WIPO Convention in 1967 . It is a specialized agency of the united nation . Function is to promote the protection of IP throughout the world . Headquarter – Geneva , Switzerland
  7.  Developing a new drug and successfully bringing it to market is a risky, lengthy and expensive venture.  It costs around US $750 million and takes 12-15 years to bring a new molecule from the laboratory bench to patients.  On average, out of every 5000-10,000 compounds that a pharmaceutical company tests, only one will be approved after clinical trials have been conducted.  This force the pharmaceutical companies to protect their patents around the globe until they expire ..
  8. The term “Intellectual Property" denotes the specific legal rights – 1. Copyrights (e.g. book) 2. Patents (e.g. new drug) 3. Trademark (e.g. symbol) 4. Trade Secrets (e.g new method)
  9.  Term original in the copyright law means that the work originated with the author .  There is no requirement for novelty or uniqueness as there is in patent law .  Copyright law protects the expression of an idea . Not the idea itself .
  10.  A patent is a right to gives the patent holder to prevent others from practicing the invention without a license from the inventor for a certain period of time (typically 20 years from the filing date of a patent application).
  11. Inspiration from scientist Stephen Hawking a wheelchair – bound ten year old boy had invented a game of six-player circular chess . And got a game design patented in his name .
  12.  A trademark is a distinctive sign which is used to distinguish the products or services of different businesses. An industrial design right protects the form of appearance, style or design of an industrial object (e.g. spare parts, furniture, or textiles). a) TM – use application filed for product . b) SN – use application filed for services . c) R -- Registered trademark .
  13.  A trade secret ("confidential information") is secret, non-public information concerning the commercial practices or proprietary knowledge of a business, public disclosure of which may sometimes be illegal.  Patents, trademarks, and designs rights are sometimes collectively known as industrial property, as they are typically created and used for industrial or commercial purposes.
  14.  There is a well-established statutory, administrative and judicial framework to safeguard intellectual property rights in India, whether they relate to patents, trademarks, copyright or industrial designs etc.  Well-known international trademarks have been protected in India even when they were not registered in India.  The Indian Trademarks Law has been extended through court decisions to service marks in addition to trade marks for goods.
  15.  Create yourself ,rather than using others creation.  No comparison that are likely to cause confusion. Technological advancement make the job of the creator easy ……………it can not make the job of the COPY-ER easy .
  16.  http://www.wipo.int/about-ip/en  Fundamentals of intellectual property (English) 1st edition (paperback),-Dr kalayan .c kankanala.  Impact of TPP on International, Regional and other Plurilateral IP Norm Setting Agarwal, Pankhuri , Jan-2017 NISCAIR-CSIR, India
  17. THANK YOU
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