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Fortified Snacks for Kids

  1. 1. Fortified Snacks for Kids Ma. Katrina A. Demetrio, RND Nutrition Officer II Nutrition Information and Education Division National Nutrition Council
  2. 2. Would you give fortified snack foods to your kids?
  3. 3. We will talk about… 1.  National Nutrition Council 2.  The Philippine Nutrition Situation 3.  Food Fortification 4.  Advantages and disadvantages of fortified snack foods 5.  Promoting good nutrition for kids
  4. 4. he country s policy-making and coordinating body on nutrition T National Nutrition Council
  5. 5. NNC MANDATE Oversee hunger mitigation program Formulate national food and nutrition policies and strategies Coordinate the national food and nutrition program Advisory body on food fortification
  6. 6. Malnutrition still prevalent among Filipinos… 1.  Protein-Energy Malnutrition 2.  Micronutrient Deficiencies 3.  Hunger 4.  Obesity 5.  Nutrition-related non-communicable diseases
  7. 7. Nutrition Status Underweight, 0-5 years 26.2% Underweight, 6-10 years 25.6% Underweight, 11-19 years 17.0% At-risk pregnant women 28.4% Underweight lactating women 13.1% Chronic energy deficient adults 11.6% Source: 7th National Nutrition Survey, 2009, FNRI-DOST
  8. 8. Nutrition Status Overweight, 0-5 years 2.0% Overweight, 6-10 years 1.6% Overweight, 11-19 years 4.6% Overweight adults 21.4% Obese adults 5.2% Source: 7th National Nutrition Survey, 2009, FNRI-DOST
  9. 9. Nutrition Status Anemia, overall 19.5% - Infants, 6-11 months 55.7% - Pregnant women 42.5% - Lactating women 31.4% Vitamin A deficiency, children 40.1% Iodine deficiency, children 11.0% Source: 7th National Nutrition Survey, 2009 and 6th NNS, 2003, FNRI-DOST
  10. 10. Micronutrient Deficiency Micronutrient Causes Consequences Iron •  Low absorption of iron; presence of intestinal parasites; malaria •  Low intake of iron - rich foods •  Fatigue, reduced work capacity; poor cognitive development and school performance among children Vitamin A •  Low intake of animal foods, green leafy and yellow vegetables; yellow fruits •  Night blindness; poor growth; weak immunity to infection; death Iodine •  Low consumption of iodine - rich foods •  Frequent intake of foods with high levels of goitrogens •  Goiter, cretinism, mental and growth retardation, reduced IQ, deaf - mutism
  11. 11. 1. Food fortification 2. Micronutrient supplementation 3. Dietary diversification Micronutrient malnutrition interventions
  12. 12. Micronutrient malnutrition interventions •  Dietary diversification •  Food fortification •  Micronutrient supplementation
  13. 13. Micronutrient Deficiency Prevention and Control Program Intervention Strategies Fortification Diet Change TIME C O V E R A G E
  14. 14. Food Fortification •  Involves addition of essential micronutrients to widely consumed food products at levels above the natural state
  15. 15. ASIN (RA 8172), 1995 An Act for Salt Iodization Nationwide •  Mandates that all salt for human and animal consumption be iodized •  Food establishments and food manufacturers to use salt that is iodized
  16. 16. RA 8976 – Food Fortification Law, 2000 … mandatory the fortification of staples to address micronutrient deficiencies of the Filipino diet … voluntary fortification of other processed food products
  17. 17. RA 8976 •  Covers all imported and locally processed foods or food products for sale or distribution in the Philippines •  All manufacturers/producers, importers, traders, tollees, retailers, repackers of food products
  18. 18. Mandatory fortification of staples RA 8976 Flour + vitamin A & iron Sugar + vitamin A + ironrice + vitamin A
  19. 19. RA 8976 Diamond Seal • Staples that pass fortification guidelines of the DOH
  20. 20. Status of Food Fortification Program Mandatory fortification 119 brands of food staples with Diamond Seal •  44 oil products/brands •  55 flour products/brands •  9 rice products/brands •  9 salt products/brands •  2 sugar products/brands
  21. 21. RA 8976 Voluntary Fortification  Through the Sangkap Pinoy Seal Program   Approved products are awarded the seal by DOH
  22. 22. Status of Food Fortification Program Voluntary fortification 139 food products with Sangkap Pinoy Seal
  23. 23. Rule VIII: Implementation, Monitoring and Review • DOH through Food and Drug Administration as the lead implementing and monitoring agency • NNC as the advisory body that conducts periodic review or upon industry petition
  24. 24. Rule VIII: Implementation, Monitoring and Review Agencies assisting FDA in monitoring compliance: 1. Sugar Regulatory Administration for sugar 2. National Food Authority for rice 3. Philippine Coconut Authority for oil 4. Bureau of Customs for imported products 5. LGUs for markets and food service establishments
  25. 25. Rule VIII: Implementation, Monitoring and Review Implementation •  FDA formulates monitoring protocols Reporting •  Business establishments and importers are required to submit annual reports on food fortification activities •  BOC reports all imported staples to FDA prior to release
  26. 26. Applying for SPS •  Form IA •  Documents needed: – Valid BFAD License to Operate – Schematic diagram of manufacturing process – Result of product analysis for fortificant – Shelf life study for fortificant stability – Proposed label with seal
  27. 27. Applying for SPS 1.  Submit form and requirements 2.  Evaluation of documents 3.  Payment of fees 4.  Plant inspection and evaluation 5.  Final evaluation based on plant visit and review of documents 6.  Payment of non-refundable contract fee 7.  Awarding of Letter and Certificate of SPS to applicant
  28. 28. Advantages of food fortification •  To food manufacturers a.  Fortification adds value to the product thereby, increasing demand b.  Helps promote good nutrition among its consumers c.  Improves image of company
  29. 29. Advantages of food fortification •  To the consumer a.  Value for money b.  Improved nutrient intake from consuming fortified foods c.  Food fortification seal provides assurance of fortification
  30. 30. What are snack foods? •  Meals eaten between main/regular meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner) to lessen or ease hunger between these meals
  31. 31. Snack foods •  Chips •  In foil packs •  Sandwiches •  Fruits
  32. 32. A nutritious snack   Boiled banana, cassava, camote, corn, peanuts   Fresh fruits in season   Sandwiches   Add milk, fresh fruit juices
  33. 33. SNACKS   Snacks should not be more or equal to the amount of a regular meal   Snacks should be taken more than 2 hours before a regular meal
  34. 34. What are fortified snack foods? •  Food products with label that claim an additional nutrient/s was added to make it more nutritious •  Food products that bear the Sangkap Pinoy Seal
  35. 35. Food Fortification Program Voluntary fortification 139 food products with Sangkap Pinoy Seal •  17 noodles •  52 snack foods •  4 supplementary food for infants •  10 biscuits •  10 breads and cereals •  6 sandwich spread •  9 cheese products •  3 milk products •  4 chocolate drinks and other products •  14 fruit drinks •  8 meat and fish products •  2 condiments and mixes
  36. 36. Upside of giving fortified snack foods to kids •  Provide micronutrients generally lacking in the average Filipino diet •  Cheap, sanitary packaged •  Less perishable •  Ready-to-eat •  No preparations needed
  37. 37. Downside of giving fortified snack foods to kids •  Can be too fatty, salty and sweet for children (especially if consumed often and in large amounts) •  May cause obesity, dental caries, hypercholesterolemia
  38. 38. Fortified snack food •  High in sodium, fat •  Fortified with iron and vitamin A •  1 cup = 160 calories •  Calories from fat = 100 Traditional snack food (ex. boiled corn) •  No added salt/ sodium and fats •  1 piece = 100 calories •  More fiber
  39. 39. What is a healthy diet? •  Emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, root crops & fat-free or low fat milk •  Includes lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, egg & nuts •  Is low in saturated, trans fats, cholesterol, salt (sodium) & added sugars
  40. 40. Teach the child how to snack
  41. 41. Choosing snacks • Consider the food guide/pyramid for wise food choices • Involve child in meal/snack planning and preparation – Encourage healthy snacking
  42. 42. To give or not to give… •  Choose items/products with Sangkap Pinoy Seal •  Choose healthy – Take note of fat, salt and sugar content – Take in moderation •  Should not replace main meals
  43. 43. What s Important… •  Eating a variety of foods from each of the three food groups (GO, GROW, GLOW)
  44. 44. AFRIS. AsianFoodRegulationInformationService. We have the largest database of Asian food regulations in the world and it’s FREE to use. We publish a range of communication services, list a very large number of food events and online educational webinars and continue to grow our Digital Library. We look forward to hearing from you soon! www.asianfoodreg.com adrienna@asianfoodreg.com