Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.

African Open Science Platform: Research Data Towards a Sustainable World/Ina Smith

287 vues

Publié le

Presented on 14 Nov 2018 during the Big Data Analytics: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice meeting, Steinberger Hotel, Cairo, Egypt.

Publié dans : Données & analyses
  • Soyez le premier à commenter

  • Soyez le premier à aimer ceci

African Open Science Platform: Research Data Towards a Sustainable World/Ina Smith

  1. 1. The Landscape of Open Science in Africa African Open Science Platform Research Data Towards a Sustainable World 1 Ina Smith Project Manager African Open Science Platform Academy of Science of South Africa Big Data Analytics: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice 14 November 2018 Cairo, Egypt
  2. 2. Agenda 2063 – The Africa we want • Strategic framework for transformation of Africa – accelerate implementation of continental initiatives for growth & sustainable development • Guided by AU Vision: “An integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in international arena.” 2
  3. 3. UN 2030 SDGs & Agenda 2063 • Use data to benefit communities • Advance democracy • Assist governments with evidence-based policymaking • Stimulate trade, increase technology-led innovation • Growing demand for data to inform & implement national development agendas (StatCom-Africa VI, ‘Enhancing the Capacity of National Statistical Systems to support policies for Africa’s economic diversification and industrialization.’) 3
  4. 4. • Timely, accessible, reliable data needed to support Africa’s policies for economic diversification and industrialization • In-depth knowledge of links among people, economic activities and geographic locations could promote a deeper understanding of key social, economic and environmental issues than is possible through an assessment of socioeconomic data alone 4
  5. 5. UN Key Message Africa Regional Forum on Sustainable Development, Dakar, May 2018 UN: Economic Commission for Africa “79. The creation of an African platform for research and innovation exchange will enable the dissemination of goal-relevant African research and innovation to governments and citizens. It could form the basis for linking researchers and innovators with the funding required to scale up their work. The proposed platform would showcase and share Africa’s efforts to develop goal-relevant research and innovation and could be coordinated with the Global Innovation Exchange.” 5
  6. 6. African Open Science Platform “Several open science activities are underway across Africa, but a great deal will be gained if, in the context of developing inter-regional links, these activities were to be coordinated and developed through such a coordinating initiative.” - CODATA
  7. 7. African Open Science Platform 7 http://africanopenscience.org.za/ african-open-science- platform@googlegroups.com https://www.facebook.com/ AfricanOpenSciencePlatform/ @aosp_africa “The Platform will play a critical role to assist African countries in developing the necessary capacities to manage and exploit scientific data for the benefit of society.” (Naledi Pandor 2016)
  8. 8. Draft SA White Paper on STI, 2018 8 “As part of its commitment to African STI cooperation, South Africa will also work to advance the open science agenda elsewhere on the continent and within regional frameworks. The strategic role of the African Open Science Platform, hosted by the Academy of Science of South Africa, which promotes African-wide development and coordination of data policies, data training and data infrastructure, will be leveraged with the support of the DST and the National Research Foundation (NRF).”
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Open Science Defined “Open Science is the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods.” - FOSTER Project, funded by the European Commission
  11. 11. But Open Science is more than just process - it is also about collaboration, and strong engagement with and participation of wider society, of which citizen science is also a component. It is a vital enabler in maintaining the rigour and reliability of science; in creatively integrating diverse data resources to address complex modern challenges; in open innovation and in engaging with other societal actors as knowledge partners in tackling shared problems. It is fundamental to realisation of the Sustainable Development Goals.
  12. 12. Open Data, Open Science & Research Lifecycle Data
  13. 13. Original Research Data Lifecycle image from University of California, Santa Cruz http://guides.library.ucsc.edu/datamanagement/ Repositories Repositories Tools Gold/Green OA Plan Policy&Infrastructure
  14. 14. AOSP Pilot Phase (2016 – 2019) • Landscape Study • Database • Creating Awareness, Advocate • Frameworks – 4 focus areas: • Policy • Infrastructure Services • Incentives • Capacity Building/Skills • And: Research Data Management 15 Policy Infrastruc ture Capacity Building Incentives
  15. 15. Governance & Funding • Funded by SA Dept of Science & Technology through the National Research Foundation • Managed by ASSAf, with direction from CODATA (ISC) • Advisory Council • Technical Advisory Board • Research Community
  16. 16. • Global Network of Science Academies (IAP) • International Science Council(ISC) • Regional Office for Africa (ROA) • Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) • World Data System (WDS) • The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) • Research Data Alliance (RDA) • National Academy of Sciences (NAS) • InterAcademy Partnership (IAP) • African Union/Pan-African Parliament (PAP) • World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) 17 Partnerships & Stakeholders • African Union/NEPAD • Association of African Universities (AAU) • Network of African Science Academies (NASAC) • African Academy of Sciences (AAS) • African Research Councils (incl. DIRISA, funders) • African Universities • African Governments • NRENs (Internet Service Providers for Education) • Other
  17. 17. Open Data Repositories on Continent 18
  18. 18. Global Registry of Data Repositories
  19. 19. Only one data repository in Africa has CoreTrustSeal Location of repositories having acquired CoreTrustSeal (accessed September 2018) Trusted Data Repositories 20
  20. 20. Challenges
  21. 21. Connected World 22
  22. 22. Slide Credit: Laura Merson, IDDO Ebola Outbreak 2014-15
  23. 23. Slide Credit: Laura Merson, IDDO After the Outbreak Post 2015
  24. 24. http://www.nature.com/news/data-sharing-make-outbreak- research-open-access-1.16966
  25. 25. Repatriation of Data
  26. 26. Data Democratising Agriculture 27 “ … while the big players are operating using data, the small holder farmers are operating blindly because they have no access to key information on how to farm.”
  27. 27. 28
  28. 28. 29
  29. 29. 30
  30. 30. "Kevin Wheeler (Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford, UK) says that transparency over information, and the development of effective data-sharing and communication platforms, are also crucial." 31
  31. 31. Fake Data, Fake Research http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-39357819
  32. 32. 33 “Replications of 21 high-profile social science findings demonstrate challenges for reproducibility and suggest solutions to improve research credibility. Eight of the 21 studies failed to find significant evidence for the original finding, and the replication effect sizes were about 50% smaller than the original studies.” https://cos.io/about/news/do-social-science- research-findings-published-nature-and-science- replicate/
  33. 33. Data bring Power, but also Responsibility 34 Endangered species Classifying data to keep poachers, enthusiasts who might use information to track & disturb creatures. BUT Declassifying data led to discovery of at least three new populations. Pezoporus occidentalis
  34. 34. Intellectual Property Rights Policy “In many African countries, intellectual property protection is undeveloped, ineffective, expensive and unenforced and in some African countries there exists uncertainty on protection of IP and the threat of innovation being stolen away from inventors.” https://ipstrategy.com/2016/12/05/a-new-look-at-intellectual-property- and-innovation-in-africa/
  35. 35. Benefits of Open Data • Improve efficiency in science • Reduce duplication and the costs of creating, transferring and re-using data • Enable more research on the same data • Multiply opportunities for domestic and global participation in the research process
  36. 36. • Increase transparency and quality in the research validation process • Allow greater replication and validation of scientific results
  37. 37. • Speed the transfer of knowledge • Reduce delays in the re-use of the results of scientific research, including articles and data sets • Promote swifter development from research to innovation
  38. 38. • Increase knowledge spill-overs to the economy • Increased access to the results of publicly funded research can foster spill-overs and boost innovation across the economy • Increase awareness and conscious choices among consumers
  39. 39. • Promote citizens’ engagement in science and research • Open Science and Open Data initiatives may promote awareness and trust in science among citizens • In some cases, greater citizen engagement may lead to active participation in scientific experiments and data collection
  40. 40. • Address global challenges more effectively • Global challenges require coordinated international actions • Open Science and Open Data can promote collaborative efforts and faster knowledge transfer for a better understanding of challenges such as climate change, and could help identify solutions
  41. 41. Early years: Awarded to individual researchers Recently: Researchers working together/ who collaborate
  42. 42. Albert Einstein 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics
  43. 43. Square Kilometre Array H3ABioNet Genomics Data GBIF Biodiversity Data Collaborative Initiatives 44
  44. 44. Square Kilometre Array (SKA) Ghana, Zambia, Madagascar, Botswana, Namibia, Kenya, Mauritius and Mozambique
  45. 45. Testing Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity; imaging neutral hydrogen—the building blocks for stars – in the distant universe; and examining galaxies that were formed billions of years ago “Construction of the SKA is due to begin in 2018 and finish sometime in the middle of the next decade. Data acquisition will begin in 2020, requiring a level of processing power and data management know-how that outstretches current capabilities. Astronomers estimate that the project will generate 35,000-DVDs- worth of data every second. This is equivalent to “the whole world wide web every day,” said Fanaroff.”
  46. 46. SKA Benefitting the Community 48 “R3 million has been spent on catering and a further R4 million on transport in the area since construction began in 2012. One hundred and seven locals have been employed by the South African Astronomical Observatory between 2015 and 2017.”
  47. 47. SKA Benefitting South Africans SKA SA Managing Director Rob Adam said, “We have electricians being trained, boilermakers, fitters and turners and people splashing the fibre that carries the signal from the satellites through the computers, that fibre is being splashed by people from the local community.”
  48. 48. SKA Benefitting South Africans
  49. 49. SKA Benefitting Africa The SKA project will also transfer skills and knowledge to African countries, which will build, maintain, operate and use radio telescopes. It’s hoped the program will bring new science opportunities to Africa in a relatively short timescale and develop radio astronomy science communities in SKA partner countries.
  50. 50. What is the African Open Science Platform doing? The Future of Science and Science of the Future 52
  51. 51. S1: Cloud Computing & Networked Services 37 countries connected Level 4 NRENs: HPC, data repositories, data ecosystem (identifiers, metadata), collaborative environments and analysis tools, platform approaches and provision of software/tools/etc 53 ASREN WACREN UbuntuNet AfricaConnect2 coordinated regions (accessed Sept. 2018)
  52. 52. S1: Cloud Computing & Networked Services 54 High Performance Computing in Tanzania, Kenya, Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  53. 53. S2: Open Research Data Management 55
  54. 54. 56
  55. 55. 57 https://toolbox.google.com/datasetsearch
  56. 56. S3: African Data Science Institute 58
  57. 57. S4: Priority Interdisciplinary Programmes 59 United Nations Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Climate & Water E.g. Climate Change, Agriculture, Hydrology, Resilient Cities, Disaster Risk Reduction
  58. 58. S5: Network for Education & Skills 60
  59. 59. S6: Network for Open Science & Dialogue 61
  60. 60. Thank You