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Risk Management Process in OH&S

Risk management is the process of identifying, quantifying and ranking risks and their associated losses, and developing cost effective management strategies to eliminate or control the risks.

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Risk Management Process in OH&S

  1. 1. Risk Management Process عملية ادارة المخاطر Dr.Ahmed-Refat AG Refat
  2. 2. عملية ادارة المخاطر <ul><li>في </li></ul><ul><li>تشريعات الصحة و السلامة المهنية </li></ul><ul><li>المحلية و العالمية </li></ul><ul><li>أ د احمد رفعت الكشميري </li></ul><ul><li>استاذ طب الصناعات و الصحة المهنية </li></ul><ul><li>مدير مركز خدمات الصحة المهنية و البيئية </li></ul>
  3. 3. OH&S Management Program <ul><li>The key to preventing harm in working environment </li></ul><ul><li>is to </li></ul><ul><li>establish a good occupational safety and health and environmental safety program . </li></ul>
  4. 4. A good OH&S Program <ul><li>A good program may take years to put in place, but the guidelines below are a good place to begin. The guidelines are divided into five sections: </li></ul><ul><li>Assure management commitment . </li></ul><ul><li>Assure employee and student involvement . </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and prioritize potential hazards. </li></ul><ul><li>Control the risks & hazards. </li></ul><ul><li>Train employees, students, and management </li></ul>
  5. 5. OH&S Management System <ul><li>OHSAS 18001 </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational Safety & Health (OSH) Management System OHSAS 18001 provides a format for an Occupational Safety & Health (OSH) management system to enable an organization to control its OSH risks and improve performance. </li></ul>
  6. 6. OHSAS 18001 <ul><li>Planning for Hazard Identification, Risk Assessments and Risk Control (Clause 4.3.1): Assessing the hazard and risk of operations occurs in formal risk assessments [FRA and JRA]. Each building/area is analyzed in a Facility Risk Assessment (FRA). </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Planning for Hazard Identification, Risk Assessments and Risk Control (Clause 4.3.1): Job Risk Assessment (JRA) is an assessment of work activities (tasks) to establish whether adequate precautions are in place. It is the systematic identification of potential hazards in the operation as a step to controlling the possible risks involved. </li></ul><ul><li>The risks are identified and prioritized (ranked) by: </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency x Severity x Likelihood ( F x S x L) </li></ul>OHSAS 18001
  8. 8. ILO-OHS-2001
  9. 11. ILO-OHS-2001
  10. 12. ILO-OHS-2001
  11. 14. Egyptian Labor Law # 12- 2003
  12. 15. Egyptian Labor Law # 12- 2003
  13. 16. Egyptian Labor Law
  14. 17. Egyptian Labor Law
  15. 18. Egyptian Labor Law
  16. 19. Egyptian Labor Law
  17. 20. Risk management <ul><li>Risk management is the process of identifying, quantifying and ranking risks and their associated losses, and developing cost effective management strategies to eliminate or control the risks. </li></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>Risk management is an ongoing process that should be undertaken: </li></ul><ul><li>Now , if you have not done it before </li></ul><ul><li>When any new work is planned including laboratory/workshop/ course work </li></ul><ul><li>When a significant change occurs </li></ul><ul><li>After an incident </li></ul><ul><li>At regular predetermined intervals </li></ul>Risk management
  19. 22. Hazards and Risks <ul><li>A hazard is something with the potential to cause harm. </li></ul><ul><li>Risk is the likelihood that illness, injury or even death might result because of the hazard. </li></ul>
  20. 23. Risk Management Steps <ul><li>There are six basic steps in the risk management process. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish the context </li></ul><ul><li>Identify hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Analyse risks that may result because of the hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate the risks </li></ul><ul><li>Treat the risks </li></ul><ul><li>Review and Monitor the risk </li></ul>
  21. 25. Hazard Identification <ul><li>Hazard identification is the process of identifying hazards in the workplace or for a work procedure. In order to understand what hazard identification involves, it is first necessary to understand the nature of hazards. </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>Workplace hazards can be divided into six groups: </li></ul><ul><li>physical hazards </li></ul><ul><li>chemical hazards </li></ul><ul><li>ergonomic hazards </li></ul><ul><li>radiation hazards , </li></ul><ul><li>psychological hazards </li></ul><ul><li>biological hazards </li></ul>Hazard Identification
  23. 27. Hazard Identification methods <ul><li>observation </li></ul><ul><li>OH&S Consultation </li></ul><ul><li>workplace inspections </li></ul><ul><li>health and environment monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>safety audits </li></ul>
  24. 28. <ul><li>monitoring accident and injury experience </li></ul><ul><li>investigating accidents </li></ul><ul><li>advice for authoritative sources such, manufacturers and suppliers of plant and substances </li></ul><ul><li>job safety analysis. </li></ul>Hazard Identification methods
  25. 29. When <ul><li>When a job is first undertaken </li></ul><ul><li>When a new piece of equipment is installed </li></ul><ul><li>When new or relevant information regarding health and safety becomes available from an authoritative source </li></ul><ul><li>When substantial changes are made to a system of work </li></ul>
  26. 30. when <ul><li>When there has been an injury to a person undertaking a job or to a person near where a job is being performed </li></ul><ul><li>Following an accident that did not result in an injury or damage </li></ul><ul><li>When there is evidence to suggest that a current risk assessment is no longer valid </li></ul><ul><li>When hazardous substances and/or dangerous goods are introduced into the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>As part of the design and construction of a new facility </li></ul>
  27. 31. <ul><li>Prior to conducting an experiment </li></ul><ul><li>As part of developing and designing a new  subject, unit or course outline   </li></ul><ul><li>Prior to conducting a field trip  - </li></ul>when
  28. 32. Risk Assessment <ul><li>In assessing the risks, three essential steps are taken: </li></ul><ul><li>The probability or likelihood of an incident occurring is evaluated. </li></ul><ul><li>The severity of the potential consequences is calculated or estimated. </li></ul><ul><li>Based on these two factors, the risks are assigned priority for risk control through the use of a risk rating. </li></ul>
  29. 33. Conseqences
  30. 34. Likelihood
  31. 35. Risk Score
  32. 36. Risk Score
  33. 37. Risk Score
  34. 38. Risk Score
  35. 39. Risk Score
  36. 40. <ul><li>E: extreme risk: immediate action required; notify supervisor, Head of School and the Safety and Health. If possible, the activity should be ceased immediately. </li></ul>Risk Score
  37. 41. <ul><li>H : high risk : notify supervisor and safety and health representative and implement immediate action to minimise injury. </li></ul><ul><li>M : moderate risk: implement immediate action to minimise injury e.g. signs; supervisor remedial action required within five working days. </li></ul><ul><li>L: low risk; remedial action within one month (if possible), supervisor attention required </li></ul>Risk Score
  38. 42. Risk Control <ul><li>The risk control process starts by considering the highest ranked risks, working down to the least significant. Each risk should be examined having regard to the &quot;hierarchy of controls&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>The &quot;Hierarchy of Controls &quot; should be used at all times when implementing controls to eliminate the hazard or reduce the risk of a hazard causing loss at the University </li></ul>
  39. 43. Risk Control <ul><li>The hierarchy of controls is as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate the hazard. </li></ul><ul><li>Substitute with a lesser hazard. </li></ul><ul><li>Use engineering controls to reduce hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative controls such as workplace procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Protective Equipment. </li></ul>
  40. 44. <ul><li>Avoid. If the threat associated with an opportunity is too high relative to the potential reward, it may be appropriate to drop the idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer. shift risk to third parties include buying insurance; using financial instruments </li></ul>Risk Control
  41. 45. <ul><li>Mitigate . To increase the chances of achieving objectives, </li></ul><ul><li>Accept. Companies may be able to live with some risks. </li></ul>
  42. 46. Risk control techniques <ul><li>Avoid or eliminate the risk if possible </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer the risk (insurance, contract, rental) </li></ul><ul><li>Use safety policies, safety manual, rules, procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Staff training and orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Use informed consent/acknowledgement of risk forms </li></ul><ul><li>Document all inspections and safety training </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct thorough accident investigations, use claim adjuster </li></ul>
  43. 47. Recommended Action
  44. 48. OHSMS <ul><li>An OHSMS is a set of plans , actions and procedures to systematically manage health and safety in the workplace that is actively endorsed by a committed employer to achieve: </li></ul>
  45. 49. OHSMS <ul><li>Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul>
  46. 50. Methods & Tools <ul><li>Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Checklists </li></ul><ul><li>Forms </li></ul>
  47. 51. Examples
  48. 60. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>