Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Le téléchargement de votre SlideShare est en cours. ×

DOC-20221130-WA0000..pptx

Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Prochain SlideShare
HistEngLang05.ppt
HistEngLang05.ppt
Chargement dans…3
×

Consultez-les par la suite

1 sur 16 Publicité
Publicité

Plus De Contenu Connexe

Publicité

DOC-20221130-WA0000..pptx

  1. 1. English vowels. Principles of classification Prepared by: Adylbekova Ainazik Prepared for: Andashova R. Ministry of education and science of Kyrgyz Republic Kyrgyz state university named after I. Arabaev
  2. 2. Contents  Introduction. Vowel sounds. Principles  The stability of artiulation  The position of the tongue  The length of the vowels  The degree of tenseness and the character of the end of a vowel
  3. 3. Vowel sounds. Principles of classifica tion
  4. 4. Vowels Sounds of speech, during the articulation of which the air flow passes freely through the pharyngeal and oral cavity, and the vocal cords are shifted and vibrate, are called vowels. Vowels are sounds produced by the voice (tone).
  5. 5. The Principles of classification Principles Stability of articulation The position of the lips The position of the tongue The Length of the vowels  The degree of tenseness and character of the vowel end
  6. 6. diphthongoids Vowel sounds having slightly changing articulation: [i:], [u:] diphthongs The complex sounds consisting of two elements (nucleus and glide): narrow [eɪ, əʊ, ɪə, eə, ʊə] wide [aɪ, aʊ, ɔɪ] The stability of articulation monophthongs They are pure vowels, the articulation is almost unchanging: [ɪ, e, ӕ, a :, ɒ, ɔ :, ʊ, ʌ, ɜ :, ə]
  7. 7. The position of the tongue Vowels (according to the horizontal movements of the tongue) front central back Vowels (according to the vertical movements of the tongue) high mid low
  8. 8. front /i:, e, æ/ /eı, ε∂, aı/ front-retracted /ı/ /ı∂/ Vowels mixed or central /∂, ɜ:/ back-advanced /ʌ, u, a:/ /ou, u∂/ back /o, o:, u:/ /oı/
  9. 9. narrow /i:, u:/ high (close) broad /ı, u/ narrow /e, ɜ:, ou/ mid (half open) broad /∂/ /ε∂/ Vowels narrow /ʌ, o:/ low (open) broad/æ, a:, ɔ, aı, au /
  10. 10. It refers to how high or low our tongue is. Thus we can say that /i/ is a high vowel sound, /e/ is intermediate, and /a/ is low. You may notice the movement of the tongue if you pronounce these
  11. 11. [ ɒ, ɔ :, ʊ, u:] [i:, ɪ, e, ӕ, a :, ʌ, ɜ :, ə] The position of the lips Vowels Rounded Unrounded
  12. 12. [i:, a :, ɜ :, ɔ :, u:] [ɪ, e, ӕ, ʌ, ə, ɒ, ʊ] The length of the vowels Vowel Long Short
  13. 13. The degree of tenseness and the character of the end of a vowel According to the degree of muscular tension tense lax According to the character of the end free checked
  14. 14. The degree of muscular tension & the character of the vowel end [i:, a :, ɜ :, ɔ :, u:, eɪ, əʊ, ɪə, eə, ʊə, aɪ, aʊ, ɔɪ] [ɪ, e, ӕ, ʌ, ə, ɒ, ʊ] monophtho ngs, diphthongoi ds, diphthongs stressed and unstressed short vowels under stress followed by a consonant Tense vowels Lax vowels Free vowels Checked vowels

×