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Indian art

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Indian art

  1. 1. India Artn
  2. 2. VISUAL ARTS THEATERLITERATURE Hinduism ARTS Buddhism MUSIC DANCE
  3. 3. HinduismTwo Principal Doctrines:  Samsara (transmigration of souls)  Karma (the law that the actions of man in one life will determine his future rebirths)
  4. 4. HinduismThe Hindu Trinity:  Brahma (Creator)  Vishnu (Preserver)  Shiva (Destroyer)
  5. 5. HinduismReligious Aim:To attain nirvanaObjectives of Human Life:  Dharma (righteousness)  Artha (livelihood, wealth)  Kama (sensual pleasure)  Moksa (liberation; freedom from samsara)
  6. 6. BuddhismTeachings of Buddha:  That life is sorrow  That the cause of sorrow is desire  That escape from samsara to nirvana is through the destruction of desire  That the destruction of desire is to be achieved by the Eight-Fold Path
  7. 7. BuddhismThe Eight-Fold Path:  Right belief  Right resolve  Right speech  Right behavior  Right occupation  Right effort  Right contemplation  Right concentration
  8. 8. Characteristicsof Indian Art• Exemplifies social, political, philosophical, and religious influences• Features spirals and curvaceous lines, vines and tendrils, round- figured goddesses, circular amulets, colored gemstones, arches and domes, crescent moons, and the globe of the sun• Anonymity
  9. 9. "European art has, as it were its wings clipped:it knows only the beauty of earthly things. Indian art, soaring into the highest empyrean, is ever trying to bring down to earthsomething of the beauty of the things above.”
  10. 10. Visual Arts
  11. 11. Ajanta Cave2nd century B.C.; 30 caves
  12. 12. Cave painting, Ajanta
  13. 13. Kailasanatha Temple, Ellora760 – 800 A.D.
  14. 14. Shakuntala Looking Back toGlimpse DushyantaRaja Ravi Varma (1848 – 1906)
  15. 15. Bharat Mata (Mother India)Abanindranath Tagore* (1905)*father of India’s modern art
  16. 16. Self-Portrait as TahitianAmrita Sher-Gil* (1934)*first modernist painter of India; also knownas India’s Frida Kahlo
  17. 17. Literature
  18. 18. Indian Epics1. Mahabharata - older; embraces the entire cosmology of Hinduism; relates the wars between the two branches of the Bharata family (the Pandavas and the Kuravas); contains the long poem Bhagavad Gita (a dialogue between Arjuna and Krishna before an important battle in which the latter, who assumes his divine personality, urges the former not to shirk from action)
  19. 19. Indian Epics2. Ramayana - takes its story from an episode of the older epic: the hero, Rama, is one of the reincarnations of the god Vishnu; Sita is the model of the faithful wife
  20. 20. Poetry & DramaShakuntala - the flowering of Sanskrit literature after the eclipse of Buddhism by Hinduism; Indian drama is romantic and escapist, no fighting or violence takes place on stage, and neither do deaths, marriages, nor other rituals
  21. 21. Erotic LiteratureKama Sutra - Kama – sensual or sexual pleasure - Sutra – rule or formula - a treatise on love; also makes a reference to the art of painting
  22. 22. Music
  23. 23. Styles of Classical MusicCarnatic Music - South Indian Classical Music - emphasis on vocal music; most compositions are written to be sung; monophonic - usually performed by a small ensemble of musicians, consisting of a principal performer (vocalist), a melodic accompaniment (violin), a rhythm accompaniment (mridangam or drum), and a tambura (droning lute) <insert Carnatic Music video clip>
  24. 24. Styles of Classical MusicHindustani Music - North Indian Classical Music - originated from Vedic ritual chants - monophonic <insert The Tradition of Vedic Chanting video clip> <insert Ravi and Anoushka Shankar sitar video clip*>
  25. 25. Dance
  26. 26. Indian Art of Dance“The Indian art of dance is the expression of inner beauty and the divine in man. It is a deliberate art, nothing is left to chance, each gesture seeks to communicate the ideas, each facial expression the emotions.”<insert Kathakali dance video clip>
  27. 27. Theater
  28. 28. Kutiyatta m Sanskrit theater; one of India’s oldest living theatrical traditions (2,000 years ago) Stylized and codified theatrical language (eye expressions, the language of gestures) <insert Kutiyattam Sanskrit Theater video clip>
  29. 29. the end. Vannessa E. San Juan Art Studies 4 Philippine High School for the Arts, SY 2011 - 2012

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