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Resiliency for Cloud Deployed Applications

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Cloud is becoming the 1st choice for most enterprise applications, either for building new apps or for extending existing on premises IT infrastructure to a cloud delivered app. This is true for not just side of the table applications but mission critical applications as well. This is true with not just the born in the cloud enterprises - but for old guard enterprises like 100 year old Banks and Airlines who adopted technology before Cloud happened. Public Cloud offers the architectural flexibility, scale on demand and pay per use. However for mission critical applications 99.95 is not enough. It needs to stretch beyond 99.99. There are multiple cloud options that enterprises are investing in like private cloud, public cloud, dedicated cloud offerings from the same vendor. There are also clouds platforms that support open computing standards like Cloudfoundry and Docker. Using these options you can achieve a highly resilient application - be it mobile, web or API.

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Resiliency for Cloud Deployed Applications

  1. 1. Resiliency for Cloud Deployed Applications Ajay Chebbi, Sr. Architect. Cloud services for Mobile and Web @ajaychebbi
  2. 2. Resiliency for Cloud Deployed Applications • GIDS.DEVOPS/ARCHITECTURE | Conference • Cloud is becoming the 1st choice for most enterprise applications, either for building new apps or for extending existing on premises IT infrastructure to a cloud delivered app. This is true for not just side of the table applications but mission critical applications as well. This is true with not just the born in the cloud enterprises - but for old guard enterprises like 100 year old Banks and Airlines who adopted technology before Cloud happened. Public Cloud offers the architectural flexibility, scale on demand and pay per use. However for mission critical applications 99.95 is not enough. It needs to stretch beyond 99.99. There are multiple cloud options that enterprises are investing in like private cloud, public cloud, dedicated cloud offerings from the same vendor. There are also clouds platforms that support open computing standards like Cloudfoundry and Docker. Using these options you can achieve a highly resilient application - be it mobile, web or API.
  3. 3. Deploying applications on the Cloud • Is a default option for applications for Mobile, Web, API and more • Not just boutique/born on the cloud companies – Banks – Airlines – Insurance – B2E is a predominant pattern • Motivations – Pay-go: Move cap-ex to op-ex – Pay-per-use: Variable work loads – Cognitive/AI: Delivered on cloud – Innovation: Line of Business is empowered!
  4. 4. But…
  5. 5. Uptime/Downtime “According to Dun and Bradstreet, 59% of Fortune 500 companies experience an average of 1.6 hours of downtime every week. Whatever the reason, it is almost guaranteed, whether you are a start-up or an established firm, that you will experience downtime at some point. Just over an hour and half of downtime per week may not seem like a huge number. However, when you consider that the cost of a single hours’ downtime can be anywhere between $15,000 and $1.5 million, it becomes an issue to take very seriously” “Calculating The True Cost of Downtime” http://rfa.com/blog/2015/09/15/calculating-the-true-cost-of-downtime/
  6. 6. BALANCE IN THE FORCE… ACHIEVE WE MUST
  7. 7. Understand the 9 game Availability % Down time per week Down time per day 99% (2 nines) 1.68 hours 14.4 minutes 99.95% 5.04 minutes 43.2 seconds 99.99% (”4 nines") 1.01 minutes 8.66 seconds https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_availability
  8. 8. Micro services – a foundational pattern • You build your software as micro services (Services, not Servers) Load balancer Load balancer Au Az View Controller Model Audit Rep server1 server2 server3 Audit ModelController AuAuAu Load balancer Load balancer Au Az View Controller Model Audit Rep *aaS *aaS *aaS *aaS
  9. 9. Realization of micro services – combination of IaaS, PaaS and SaaS Audit ModelController AuAuAu Load balancerLoad balancer Au Az View Controller Model Audit Rep *aaS *aaS *aaS *aaS Au Az Load Balancer View Controller Model
  10. 10. Microservices dependency graph https://blog.twitter.com/2013/observability-at-twitter Twitter “death star”
  11. 11. Resiliency patterns – to start with • Patterns you may employ – Dedicated Compute • Provides dedicated capacity • Relief from “Noisy neighbors” in a multi tenant space – Retry • Retry: Temporary resource failures (404, 500) • With Delay: Throttling victim (http – 429 “TOO MANY REQUESTS”) – Circuit Breakers • Fail gracefully on predictable outage • Limit “blast radius” – Cache • Performance • Isolation from high latency resources – Blue-Green deploy • Update with no down time
  12. 12. Stateless services • No memory of last request – State is handled outside the application (e.g: DB,cache) – No in-memory session – Allows horizontal scaling with no loss – REST is the native language of communication – If at all – client maintains state (i.e. context) A dog never remembers the scolding she got in the morning! A happy dog!
  13. 13. Open tech • Building services on open specs gives you many tools – Docker – Kubernetes, Swarm – Amalgam8 – Mesos – Terraform – Cloud Foundry – VMs • Multi region / multi vendor cloud
  14. 14. 99.98 deployment on Bluemix – use case for a Japanese customer Go Router Containers Go Router Containers Global Load balancer db London Dallas db Replication Hotbackup Failover
  15. 15. Get started.. • Best Practices for deploying on Cloud • Cloud design patterns • Cloud computing case studies
  16. 16. QnA
  17. 17. May the force be with you! https://www.slideshare.net/ajaychebbi

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