3. What is a quantum computer?
A quantum computer is a machine that performs
calculations based on the laws of quantum mechanics,
which is the behavior of particles at the sub-atomic
Quantum computer exponentially powerful.
1982 - Feynman proposed the idea of creating machines based on the
laws of quantum mechanics instead of the laws of classical physics.
1985 - David Deutsch developed the QuantumTuring Machine, showing
that quantum circuits are universal.
1994 - Peter Shor came up with a quantum algorithm to factor very large
numbers in polynomial time.
1997 - LovGrover develops a quantum search algorithm withO(√N)
5. Need for Quantum computers
Moore’s Law :
Moore’s law is the observation of
transistors in a dense integrated circuit
doubles about every two years .
Transistor size will approach quantum
dimensions in ~ 2025 .
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005
A qubit is short for quantum bit, which is the fundamental unit of quantum
Qubit is used to represent the data inQuantum computers
The data represented in terms of electron spin or polarity of the photon .
8. How to Manipulate the Qubit data?
The Quantum gates are used to manipulate theQubit states.
TheQubit data can be read by measuring the Qubit’s Energy
Generally computations starts with Initializing and ends with
9. Quantum Superposition
There is an equal probability that
something is either in one state (1) or
another (0).Thus, something is in
both states, or between both states
at the same time until observed.
The Bloch’s sphere is used to
represent the all possible
10. Quantum Entanglement
When two particles share the same
quantum state they are entangled.This
means that two or more particles will
share the same properties: for example,
their spins are related. Even when
removed from each other, these particles
will continue to share the same properties.
11. Comparison with Classical Computers
Today's computers work by manipulating bits
that exist in one of two states: a 0 or a 1.
1 and 0’s are carried and turned on by states of
Quantum computers aren't limited to two
states like today’s computers.They encode
information as quantum bits, or qubits, which
can exist in superposition.
Superposition- quantum computers can
represent both 0 and 1 as well as everything in
between at the same time .
Where a classical computer would take 5 trillion
years to factor a 5,000 digit number, a quantum
computer could finish in 2 minutes.
Quantum computation is more powerful than
classical computation because more can be
computed in less time!!
QuantumComputing Holds Promise
The quantum computers will revolutionize the drug discovery.
We could fire up some AI agents on those quantum computers and make
them create better instances of themselves
ImportantApplications ofQuantumComputing :
D-Wave - Founded in 1999, D-Wave Systems is the world's first quantum
computing company and the leader in the development and delivery of quantum
computing systems and software
1QB Information Technologies, Inc. - is a quantum computing
software company, based in Vancouver, British Columbia.
Cambridge Quantum Computing - is an independent company
combining expertise in Quantum Information Processing,Artificial
16. Summary and References
Classical computers reaching quantum scale - need alternative to
Quantum physics allows interesting but difficult alternative to computation