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  2. MEANING OF LEADERSHIP The action of leading a group of people or an organization.” That’s how the Oxford Dictionary defines leadership. In simple words, leadership is about taking risks and challenging the status quo. Leaders motivate others to achieve something new and better.
  3. • DEFINITION OF LEADERSHIP • Affiliative: Leaders create emotional bonds and harmony. • • Democratic: Leaders build consensus through participation. • Pacesetting: Leaders expect excellence and self-direction. • Coaching: Leaders develop people for the future.
  4. NATURE OF LEADERSHIP A leader is someone who has the ability to direct and influence others and leadership is about guiding them to accomplish a common task or objective whilst encouraging and helping them throughout the process.
  5. IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP Effective Direction Source Of Motivation Confidence High Morale Development Of Team Spirit Encouraging Initiative •Overcoming ResistanceTo Change
  6. IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP (i)Effective directions : An organisation comes into existence with certain objectives.To attain the objectives, the activities of the organisation must be directed. Direction of the activities is effected through leadership. In short, effective leadership directs the activities of an organisation towards the attainment of the specified organisational goals. (ii) Source of motivation: Leadership is the motivating power to group efforts. Effective leadership motivates the subordinates for higher productivity.
  7. (iii) Confidence: Leadership creates confidence in-the subordinates by giving proper guidance and advice. (iv) High morale: Good leadership increases the morale of the employees which, in turn, contributes to higher productivity. (v) Development of team spirit: Effective leadership promotes team-spirit and teamwork which is quite essential for the success of any organisation.
  8. (vi) Encouraging initiative: A progressive, forward and democratic minded leader, always encourages initiative on the part of the followers. (vii) Overcoming resistance to change: A leader overcomes resistance, if any on the part of followers to organisational changes; through explaining to them the utility of such changes to both—the enterprise and the employees.
  9. LEADER A leader is someone who inspires passion and motivation in followers. A leader is someone with a vision and the path to realizing it. A leader is someone who ensures their team has support and tools to achieve their goals. MANAGER Managers are often responsible for training their employees to perform their job duties and learn new skills.They might also offer them professional development opportunities. Often, managers also act as mentors to their employees and teach them skills that they can use as they advance their careers.
  10. LEADERS  Leader is an innovative.  Leaders have mission to accomplish.  Leaders take risk.  Result of leadership are intangible.  Leaders are help to share the knowledge.  Leaders does the right thing.  Leaders inspire People through great ideas. MANAGERS  Manager is analytical.  Managers are goal oriented.  Managers avoid taking risk.  Results of management is measurable.  Managers are having centralise knowledge.  Managers does things right.  Managers give command to people through position.
  11.  LEADERS MANAGERS  Managers are working as a guardians.  Managers are having their clear vision.  Managers focus on goals and objectives.  Managers are quantitative.  Managers always says ‘I’.  Managers mainly sets instructions to do a projects . • Leaders are trustworthy. • Leaders work on long term goals. • Leaders built relationships. • Leadership is qualitative. • Leaders always say ‘we’. • Leaders mainly set direction to achieve the goals. LEADERS
  12. THE IMPACT OF LEADERSHIP ON AN ORGANISATION PERFORMANCE Impact Of Leadership On Organisation Performance MonitorYour Team Understand Leadership Styles Adjust Leadership as Needed
  13. 1) MonitorYourTeam • Leaders can’t sit in an office and read reports all day, if they want to truly understand how to take the team to the next level. • Reports are only one way to monitor progress . • A leader who is engaged with his team is able to discover all sorts of insights. • Insights could include a fulfillment issue that’s stalling deliveries or it could be that an employee is experiencing a personal issue that’s causing a dip in performance.
  14. 2) Understand Leadership Styles • A leader needs the same work done but looks to help employees find their internal motivation to achieve it. Where a boss views his employees as subordinates, a leader views his employees as part of a team and seeks to empower them so that they exceed minimal expectations. • Leaders who inspire and empower have a greater ability to influence the team's actions. Inspiring and empowering build loyalty and trust, which are positive qualities that create a strong, productive corporate culture. When everything is based on performance results without developing loyalty and trust, team performance is often negatively affected.
  15. 3) Adjust Leadership as Needed • As a business leader, you don’t need to box yourself into one leadership style.There may be instances in which being more boss-like is advantageous. For example, sales numbers are key factors for your business success, so it is imperative that you address these numbers in a very black-and-white system. • In a five-minute huddle, your team will feel a positive sense of energy, and the whole team then becomes a resource that helps find solutions to co-worker’s struggles.
  16. Openness and Friendly Kindness Thoughtfulness Emotional Stability Creativity Effective Communicatio Self awareness Self Awareness Engaged Passionate Empathy Respectable Integrity PERSONALITYTRAITS OF EFFECTIVE LEADER
  17. 1. OPENNESS AND FRIENDLINESS People appreciate and will react more positively when they feel they can trust their leader, communicate in an open way, and not fear saying the wrong thing. A strong leader is one that people feel comfortable interacting with, knowing they will get an honest answer. The humanistic leader is sociable, easy to talk, and relatable. 2. KINDNESS All people respond well to others who are cheerful, nice, and seem to put others first. Developing kindness, even with people who are harder to get along with, makes a leader more effective. The humanistic leader can be trusted.
  18. 3. THOUGHTFULNESS People are able to enjoy their work more and, thus, are more productive when their leader respects and incorporates their views. Thinking of others and, often, putting their needs first helps a leader gain trust and loyalty. The humanistic leader shows empathy and is able to put themselves into the shoes of the people they lead. 4. EMOTIONAL STABILITY Emotions at work shift throughout the day, yet people expect leaders to be stable emotionally throughout the day. This, in turn, sparks emotional stability with the team members, and work gets done more effectively. The humanistic leader is emotionally resilient.
  19. 5. CREATIVITY People require new ideas and insight from their leaders to thrive at work. A creative mind that can think outside of the box is highly effective in the workplace. Humanistic leaders are capable of thinking from different perspectives, systems thinkers, deep thinkers, and full of imagination and new possibilities! 6. EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATORS People readily follow leaders who can clearly explain what they want and expect through written, spoken, and non-verbal communication avenues. Strong leaders are able to connect with people through clear and honest communication. The humanistic leader knows how to state their goals in a way people can understand
  20. 7. INTEGRITY Being honest, reliable, and trustworthy are all critical to leaders because people are more likely to follow those they feel they can fully trust. Being a person of integrity means being someone who stands behind your word and shows up when you say you will—this trait shows the people under you that they can trust you not only professionally, but also personally. The humanistic leader is truthful in every interaction with the people they lead, and this builds trust within teams. 8. SELF-AWARENESS To lead others, a leader must be aware of their own needs, strengths, and shortfalls, and demonstrates this by taking measures to improve when needed. Only through self-awareness will leaders be empowered to make changes to become stronger leaders. Others respond well to those who are aware of their own personality traits and how they affect others. The humanistic leader is in touch with their own person, and they use that self-awareness to better impact others around them.
  21. 9. EMPATHY Being able to understand and respond to the emotions and experiences of others creates a strong, personable leader. Empathy is vital to building strong connections with team members, and those connections help the leader accomplish more. Humanistic leaders respond to the emotions and experiences of others with empathetic understanding, and they use that empathy to make better decisions that affect the team. 10. ENGAGED An engaged leader is actively interacting with team members throughout the day. This leader knows what is happening in their people’s lives, how they are doing on their projects, and what could happen to make things flow more freely throughout the day. The humanistic leader is an active and engaged participant in the work that is happening, and this leader is not afraid to get their hands dirty with the daily work.
  22. 12. PASSIONATE Leaders who are passionate about their mission are able to communicate a clear vision to the people they lead. That passion can lead to a charismatic approach that people respond well to. They are excellent at communicating the purpose behind their actions, and that passion can spread to others. Humanistic leaders have a strong passion for what they do, and they can convey that passion to the people they lead. 13. RESPECTABLE Respect is earned, and the integrity and passion of a strong leader is something that people will respect when it is delivered with openness and empathy. By embracing these character traits, leaders will gain the appreciation of those they lead. These leaders carry themselves in such a way that they demand and command respect from those around them. In every action and reaction, humanistic leaders live a respectable life.
  23. MOTIVES OF LEADER Personalized Power Motive Drive And Achievement Motive StrongWork Ethics Tenacity
  24. 1) Personalized Power Motive: Leader with such motive seek power to further their own interest . For them power is status symbols ( luxury & money ) Socialized Power Motive: Achieve organizational goals or vision. Help others & for the benefit of the entire organization 2) Drive & Achievement Motive : Drive refer to a propensity to put forth high energy into achieving goal. Drive also include achievement motivation Leader Achieve through one’s own efforts & take responsibility for success or failure Take moderate risks that can be handled through one’s own efforts Receive feedback on there level or performance . Introduce novel, innovative, or creative solution. Plan and set goals.
  25. 3)Strong Work Ethics : Effective leaders have strong work ethics Leaders have firm belief in the dignity of work Value hard work They believe that group task is worthwhile 4) Tenacity: (persistence ,determination) Tenacious leaders are better at overcoming obstacles Such leaders have a sense of purpose and a willful determination to achieve what they want.
  26. Qualities of a Good Leader 1. Honesty and Integrity: Leaders value virtuousness and honesty.They have people who believe in them and their vision. 2. Inspiration: Leaders are self-motivating, and this makes them great influencers.They are a good inspiration to their followers.They help others to understand their roles in a bigger context. 3. Communication skills: Leaders possess great communication skills.They are transparent with their team and share failures and successes with them. 4. Vision: Leaders are visionaries.They have a clear idea of what they want and how to achieve it. Being good communicators, leaders can share their vision with the team successfully.
  27. 5. Never give-up spirit: Leaders challenge the status quo. Hence, they never give up easily.They also have unique ways to solve a problem. 6. Intuitive: Leadership coach Hortense le Gentil believes that leaders should rely on intuition for making hard decisions. Especially because intuition heavily relies on a person’s existing knowledge and life learnings, which proves to be more useful in complex situations. 7. Empathy: A leader should be an emotional and empathetic fellow because it will help them in developing a strong bond with their team. Furthermore, these qualities will help a leader in addressing the problems, complaints, and aspirations of his team members. 8. Objective: Although empathy is an important quality a leader must imbibe, getting clouded by emotions while making an important business
  28. 9. Intelligence: A good leader must be intelligent enough to arrive at business solutions to difficult problems. Furthermore, a leader should be analytical and should weigh the pros and cons before making a decision.This quality can be polished with an all-inclusive leadership training program. 10. Open-mindedness and creativity: A good leader is someone who is open to new ideas, possibilities, and perspectives. Being a good leader means understanding that there is no right way to do things.Therefore, a good leader is always ready to listen, observe, and be willing to change.They are also out-of-the-box thinkers and encourage their teams to do so. If you enrol for a leadership course, all these things will be a part of the curriculum. 11. Patient: A good leader understands that a business strategy takes time to develop and bear results. Additionally, they also believe that ‘continuous improvement and patient’ leads to success. 12. Flexible: Since leaders understand the concept of ‘continuous improvement, they also know that being adaptable will lead them to success. Nothing goes as per plan. Hence, being flexible and intuitive helps a manager to hold his ground during complex situations.
  29. LEADERSHIP MOTIVE- COGNITIVE FACTOR AND LEADERSHIP Problem solving and intellectual skills are referred to collectively as cognitive factors. In order to inspire people, it is essential to bring about productive change and solve problem creativelyat the same time leaders need to be mentally sharp. The cognitive factors focuses on 5 factors strongly shared to cognitive intelligence. COGNITIVE FACTOR It is related to leadership effectiveness have been identified . 1). Cognitive and analytical intelligence. 2). Practical intelligence. 3). Knowledge of the business of group task. 4). Creativity . 5). Inside into people and situation. 6). Far sightedness and conceptual thinking.