MEANING OF LEADERSHIP
The action of leading a group
of people or an organization.”
That’s how the Oxford
Dictionary defines leadership.
In simple words, leadership is
about taking risks and
challenging the status quo.
Leaders motivate others to
achieve something new and
• DEFINITION OF LEADERSHIP
• Affiliative: Leaders create emotional bonds
• Democratic: Leaders build consensus
• Pacesetting: Leaders expect excellence and
• Coaching: Leaders develop people for the
NATURE OF LEADERSHIP
A leader is someone who has
the ability to direct and
influence others and
leadership is about guiding
them to accomplish a common
task or objective whilst
encouraging and helping them
throughout the process.
IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP
(i)Effective directions :
An organisation comes into existence with certain objectives.To
attain the objectives, the activities of the organisation must be
directed. Direction of the activities is effected through leadership. In
short, effective leadership directs the activities of an organisation
towards the attainment of the specified organisational goals.
(ii) Source of motivation:
Leadership is the motivating power to group efforts. Effective
leadership motivates the subordinates for higher productivity.
Leadership creates confidence in-the subordinates by giving proper
guidance and advice.
(iv) High morale:
Good leadership increases the morale of the employees which, in
turn, contributes to higher productivity.
(v) Development of team spirit:
Effective leadership promotes team-spirit and teamwork which is
quite essential for the success of any organisation.
(vi) Encouraging initiative:
A progressive, forward and democratic minded leader, always
encourages initiative on the part of the followers.
(vii) Overcoming resistance to change:
A leader overcomes resistance, if any on the part of followers
to organisational changes; through explaining to them the utility
of such changes to both—the enterprise and the employees.
A leader is someone who inspires passion and
motivation in followers. A leader is someone
with a vision and the path to realizing it. A
leader is someone who ensures their team has
support and tools to achieve their goals.
Managers are often responsible for training
their employees to perform their job duties
and learn new skills.They might also offer
them professional development
opportunities. Often, managers also act as
mentors to their employees and teach them
skills that they can use as they advance their
Leader is an innovative.
Leaders have mission to
Leaders take risk.
Result of leadership are
Leaders are help to share the
Leaders does the right thing.
Leaders inspire People
through great ideas.
Manager is analytical.
Managers are goal oriented.
Managers avoid taking risk.
Results of management is
Managers are having
Managers does things right.
Managers give command to
people through position.
Managers are working as a
Managers are having their
Managers focus on goals and
Managers are quantitative.
Managers always says ‘I’.
Managers mainly sets
instructions to do a projects .
• Leaders are trustworthy.
• Leaders work on long term
• Leaders built relationships.
• Leadership is qualitative.
• Leaders always say ‘we’.
• Leaders mainly set
direction to achieve the
THE IMPACT OF LEADERSHIP ON AN ORGANISATION PERFORMANCE
• Leaders can’t sit in an office and read reports all day, if they
want to truly understand how to take the team to the next
• Reports are only one way to monitor progress .
• A leader who is engaged with his team is able to discover all
sorts of insights.
• Insights could include a fulfillment issue that’s stalling
deliveries or it could be that an employee is experiencing a
personal issue that’s causing a dip in performance.
2) Understand Leadership Styles
• A leader needs the same work done but looks to help
employees find their internal motivation to achieve it.
Where a boss views his employees as subordinates, a
leader views his employees as part of a team and seeks to
empower them so that they exceed minimal expectations.
• Leaders who inspire and empower have a greater ability to
influence the team's actions. Inspiring and empowering build
loyalty and trust, which are positive qualities that create a
strong, productive corporate culture. When everything is based
on performance results without developing loyalty and trust,
team performance is often negatively affected.
3) Adjust Leadership as Needed
• As a business leader, you don’t need to box yourself into
one leadership style.There may be instances in which
being more boss-like is advantageous.
For example, sales numbers are key factors
for your business success, so it is imperative that you address
these numbers in a very black-and-white system.
• In a five-minute huddle, your team will feel a positive
sense of energy, and the whole team then becomes a
resource that helps find solutions to co-worker’s struggles.
1. OPENNESS AND FRIENDLINESS
People appreciate and will react more positively
when they feel they can trust their leader,
communicate in an open way, and not fear saying
the wrong thing. A strong leader is one that people
feel comfortable interacting with, knowing they
will get an honest answer. The humanistic
leader is sociable, easy to talk, and relatable.
All people respond well to others who are
cheerful, nice, and seem to put others first.
Developing kindness, even with people who
are harder to get along with, makes a leader
The humanistic leader can be trusted.
People are able to enjoy their work more and, thus, are more
productive when their leader respects and incorporates their
views. Thinking of others and, often, putting their needs first
helps a leader gain trust and loyalty.
The humanistic leader shows empathy and is able to put
themselves into the shoes of the people they lead.
4. EMOTIONAL STABILITY
Emotions at work shift throughout the day, yet people expect
leaders to be stable emotionally throughout the day. This, in
turn, sparks emotional stability with the team members, and
work gets done more effectively.
The humanistic leader is emotionally resilient.
People require new ideas and insight from their leaders to thrive at
work. A creative mind that can think outside of the box is highly
effective in the workplace.
Humanistic leaders are capable of thinking from different
perspectives, systems thinkers, deep thinkers, and full of
imagination and new possibilities!
6. EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATORS
People readily follow leaders who can clearly explain what they
want and expect through written, spoken, and non-verbal
communication avenues. Strong leaders are able to connect with
people through clear and honest communication.
The humanistic leader knows how to state their goals in a way
people can understand
Being honest, reliable, and trustworthy are all critical to leaders because
people are more likely to follow those they feel they can fully trust. Being a
person of integrity means being someone who stands behind your word and
shows up when you say you will—this trait shows the people under you that
they can trust you not only professionally, but also personally.
The humanistic leader is truthful in every interaction with the people they
lead, and this builds trust within teams.
To lead others, a leader must be aware of their own needs, strengths, and
shortfalls, and demonstrates this by taking measures to improve when
needed. Only through self-awareness will leaders be empowered to make
changes to become stronger leaders. Others respond well to those who are
aware of their own personality traits and how they affect others.
The humanistic leader is in touch with their own person, and they use that
self-awareness to better impact others around them.
Being able to understand and respond to the emotions and experiences of
others creates a strong, personable leader. Empathy is vital to building
strong connections with team members, and those connections help the
leader accomplish more.
Humanistic leaders respond to the emotions and experiences of others
with empathetic understanding, and they use that empathy to make better
decisions that affect the team.
An engaged leader is actively interacting with team members throughout
the day. This leader knows what is happening in their people’s lives, how
they are doing on their projects, and what could happen to make things
flow more freely throughout the day.
The humanistic leader is an active and engaged participant in the work that
is happening, and this leader is not afraid to get their hands dirty with the
Leaders who are passionate about their mission are able to communicate a
clear vision to the people they lead. That passion can lead to a charismatic
approach that people respond well to. They are excellent at communicating
the purpose behind their actions, and that passion can spread to others.
Humanistic leaders have a strong passion for what they do, and they can
convey that passion to the people they lead.
Respect is earned, and the integrity and passion of a strong leader is
something that people will respect when it is delivered with openness and
empathy. By embracing these character traits, leaders will gain the
appreciation of those they lead. These leaders carry themselves in such a
way that they demand and command respect from those around them.
In every action and reaction, humanistic leaders live a respectable life.
1) Personalized Power Motive:
Leader with such motive seek power to further their own interest .
For them power is status symbols ( luxury & money ) Socialized Power
Achieve organizational goals or vision.
Help others & for the benefit of the entire organization
2) Drive & Achievement Motive :
Drive refer to a propensity to put forth high energy into achieving goal. Drive also
include achievement motivation
Leader Achieve through one’s own efforts & take responsibility for success or
Take moderate risks that can be handled through one’s own efforts
Receive feedback on there level or performance .
Introduce novel, innovative, or creative solution.
Plan and set goals.
3)Strong Work Ethics :
Effective leaders have strong work ethics
Leaders have firm belief in the dignity of
work Value hard work They believe that
group task is worthwhile
(persistence ,determination) Tenacious
leaders are better at overcoming
obstacles Such leaders have a sense of
purpose and a willful determination to
achieve what they want.
Qualities of a Good Leader
1. Honesty and Integrity: Leaders value virtuousness and honesty.They
have people who believe in them and their vision.
2. Inspiration: Leaders are self-motivating, and this makes them great
influencers.They are a good inspiration to their followers.They help others to
understand their roles in a bigger context.
3. Communication skills: Leaders possess great communication skills.They
are transparent with their team and share failures and successes with them.
4. Vision: Leaders are visionaries.They have a clear idea of what they want
and how to achieve it. Being good communicators, leaders can share their
vision with the team successfully.
5. Never give-up spirit: Leaders challenge the status quo. Hence, they
never give up easily.They also have unique ways to solve a problem.
6. Intuitive: Leadership coach Hortense le Gentil believes that leaders
should rely on intuition for making hard decisions. Especially because
intuition heavily relies on a person’s existing knowledge and life learnings,
which proves to be more useful in complex situations.
7. Empathy: A leader should be an emotional and empathetic fellow because
it will help them in developing a strong bond with their team. Furthermore,
these qualities will help a leader in addressing the problems, complaints, and
aspirations of his team members.
8. Objective: Although empathy is an important quality a leader must
imbibe, getting clouded by emotions while making an important business
9. Intelligence: A good leader must be intelligent enough to arrive at business solutions to
difficult problems. Furthermore, a leader should be analytical and should weigh the pros and
cons before making a decision.This quality can be polished with an all-inclusive leadership
10. Open-mindedness and creativity: A good leader is someone who is open to new
ideas, possibilities, and perspectives. Being a good leader means understanding that there is
no right way to do things.Therefore, a good leader is always ready to listen, observe, and be
willing to change.They are also out-of-the-box thinkers and encourage their teams to do so. If
you enrol for a leadership course, all these things will be a part of the curriculum.
11. Patient: A good leader understands that a business strategy takes time to develop and
bear results. Additionally, they also believe that ‘continuous improvement and patient’ leads
12. Flexible: Since leaders understand the concept of ‘continuous improvement, they also
know that being adaptable will lead them to success. Nothing goes as per plan. Hence, being
flexible and intuitive helps a manager to hold his ground during complex situations.
LEADERSHIP MOTIVE- COGNITIVE FACTOR AND LEADERSHIP
Problem solving and intellectual skills are referred to collectively
as cognitive factors. In order to inspire people, it is essential to
bring about productive change and solve problem creativelyat the
same time leaders need to be mentally sharp. The cognitive factors
focuses on 5 factors strongly shared to cognitive intelligence.
It is related to leadership effectiveness have been identified .
1). Cognitive and analytical intelligence.
2). Practical intelligence.
3). Knowledge of the business of group task.
4). Creativity .
5). Inside into people and situation.
6). Far sightedness and conceptual thinking.