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Development of Note-taking Signs 
for Consecutive Interpreting 
Alessandra Vita 
Traductora & Intérprete (IT, ES, EN, DE) ...
Table of Contents 
1. Approaches to note-taking (NT) signs 
2. Sign development processes 
3. Sign development criteria 
4...
1. Approaches to NT Signs 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
1. Approaches to NT Signs 
• Semantic approach: form + content 
• Analytical approach: form + function 
• Procedural appro...
1. Approaches to NT Signs 
• Semantic approach: form + content 
• Analytical approach: form + function 
• Procedural appro...
2. Sign Development Processes 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
2. Sign Development Processes 
• Relations between signifier (sign) and signified (reality) 
 Icons: likeliness chair pre...
2. Sign Development Processes 
• Linguistic process: figures of speech 
 chair president = metonymy 
(content for contain...
2. Sign Development Processes 
• Linguistic or conventional codes 
 aid, SOS, OK 
 Biology: ♂, ♀ 
 Mathematics: >, <, +...
2. Sign Development Processes 
• Other interpreters’ repertoire 
from Rozan (20 symbols)… 
…to Matyssek (4,500 symbols) 
(...
2. Sign Development Processes 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
2. Sign Development Processes 
• Plurisyllabic words: 
 Abbreviation 
by omitting vowels 
(Allioni 1989; Allioni 1998; 
R...
2. Sign Development Processes 
• Plurisyllabic words: 
 Shorthand 
conventions 
(Allioni 1989; Allioni 1998; 
Russo 1999,...
2. Sign Development Processes 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
2. Sign Development Processes 
• Derivation 
(Allioni 1989; Allioni 1998; 
Russo 1999, p. 265-266) 
Development of Note-ta...
2. Sign Development Processes 
• Composition 
 Juxtaposition 
(Allioni 1989; Allioni 1998; 
Russo 1999, p. 265-266) 
Deve...
2. Sign Development Processes 
• Composition 
 Synthetic 
cohesion 
(Allioni 1989; Allioni 1998; 
Russo 1999, p. 265-266)...
2. Sign Development Processes 
• Common features for related concepts 
happiness, satisfaction, honour, luck, adequateness...
2. Sign Development Processes 
• Common features for related concepts 
home hospital 
school bank 
university 
(Allioni 19...
3. Sign Development Criteria 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
3. Sign Development Criteria 
• Symmetry right – obligation 
• import – export 
(Russo 1999, p. 268) 
Development of Note-...
3. Sign Development Criteria 
• Acronyms 
(Russo 1999, p. 268) 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpret...
3. Sign Development Criteria 
• Initials 
(Russo 1999, p. 268) 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpret...
3. Sign Development Criteria 
• Imagination 
Source: modified from Kohn and Albl-Mikasa 2002, p. 260. 
Development of Note...
3. Sign Development Criteria 
depende 
(Nieto García) 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Ale...
3. Sign Development Criteria 
depende 
(Nieto García) 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Ale...
3. Sign Development Criteria 
depende 
(Nieto García) 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Ale...
3. Sign Development Criteria 
depende 
(Nieto García) 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Ale...
3. Sign Development Criteria 
depende 
independent 
(Nieto García) 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Inter...
3. Sign Development Criteria 
depende 
independent 
(Nieto García) 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Inter...
3. Sign Development Criteria 
depende 
independent 
(Nieto García) 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Inter...
4. Use procedures 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
4. Use procedures 
• One-to-many correspondence (Russo 1999, p. 268) 
or “organic symbols” (Gillies 2005, p. 104) 
or “vag...
4. Use procedures 
• Ad hoc signs 
(Russo 1999. p. 268-269) 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting...
4. Use procedures 
• Multifunctional signs 
(Russo 1999, p. 268) 
Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpr...
4. Use procedures 
• Automatic and quick use 
(Russo 1999, p. 268-269; Gillies 2005, p. 130) 
Development of Note-taking S...
4. Use procedures 
• Automatic and quick use 
(Russo 1999, p. 268-269; Gillies 2005, p. 130) 
Development of Note-taking S...
4. Use procedures 
• Automatic and quick use 
(Russo 1999, p. 268-269; Gillies 2005, p. 130) 
Development of Note-taking S...
4. Use procedures 
• Automatic and quick use 
 Gillies’ “rule of thumb” 
(Russo 1999, p. 268-269; Gillies 2005, p. 130) 
...
Bibliography 
• ALLIONI, S. Towards a Grammar of Consecutive Interpretation. In GRAN, L. and DODDS, J. (eds). The Theoreti...
Thank you very much 
for your attention! 
Alessandra Vita 
Traductora & Intérprete (IT, ES, EN, DE) 
www.alessandravita.co...
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Development of note-taking signs for consecutive interpreting

  1. 1. Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting Alessandra Vita Traductora & Intérprete (IT, ES, EN, DE) www.alessandravita.com * @AVinterpreter
  2. 2. Table of Contents 1. Approaches to note-taking (NT) signs 2. Sign development processes 3. Sign development criteria 4. Use procedures Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  3. 3. 1. Approaches to NT Signs Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  4. 4. 1. Approaches to NT Signs • Semantic approach: form + content • Analytical approach: form + function • Procedural approach: syntactic distribution of signs on paper (Russo 1999, p. 262) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  5. 5. 1. Approaches to NT Signs • Semantic approach: form + content • Analytical approach: form + function • Procedural approach: syntactic distribution of signs on paper (Russo 1999, p. 262) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  6. 6. 2. Sign Development Processes Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  7. 7. 2. Sign Development Processes • Relations between signifier (sign) and signified (reality)  Icons: likeliness chair president  Indexes: correspondence chimney factory  symbols: conventionality scale justice (Atkin 2013; Russo 1999, p. 262-263) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  8. 8. 2. Sign Development Processes • Linguistic process: figures of speech  chair president = metonymy (content for container)  chimney factory = synecdoche (part of the whole) (Russo 1999, p. 262-263) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  9. 9. 2. Sign Development Processes • Linguistic or conventional codes  aid, SOS, OK  Biology: ♂, ♀  Mathematics: >, <, +, -, ∞, ≠  Chemistry: H2O, O2,CO2  Traffic laws: Δ,   Astronomy:  Law: § (Russo 1999, p. 263) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  10. 10. 2. Sign Development Processes • Other interpreters’ repertoire from Rozan (20 symbols)… …to Matyssek (4,500 symbols) (Russo 1999, p. 264) Source: Matyssek 1989, p. 115. Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  11. 11. 2. Sign Development Processes Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  12. 12. 2. Sign Development Processes • Plurisyllabic words:  Abbreviation by omitting vowels (Allioni 1989; Allioni 1998; Russo 1999, p. 265-266) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  13. 13. 2. Sign Development Processes • Plurisyllabic words:  Shorthand conventions (Allioni 1989; Allioni 1998; Russo 1999, p. 265-266) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  14. 14. 2. Sign Development Processes Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  15. 15. 2. Sign Development Processes • Derivation (Allioni 1989; Allioni 1998; Russo 1999, p. 265-266) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  16. 16. 2. Sign Development Processes • Composition  Juxtaposition (Allioni 1989; Allioni 1998; Russo 1999, p. 265-266) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  17. 17. 2. Sign Development Processes • Composition  Synthetic cohesion (Allioni 1989; Allioni 1998; Russo 1999, p. 265-266) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  18. 18. 2. Sign Development Processes • Common features for related concepts happiness, satisfaction, honour, luck, adequateness, positivity, friendliness sadness, dissatisfaction, shame, misfortune, inadequateness, negativity fear, worry, confusion, insecurity, difficulty anger, rivalry, quarrel, fight (Allioni 1989; Allioni 1998; Bosch March 2013, p. 33-34; Rozan 2003; Russo 1999, p. 266-267) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  19. 19. 2. Sign Development Processes • Common features for related concepts home hospital school bank university (Allioni 1989; Allioni 1998; Bosch March 2013, p. 33-34; Rozan 2003; Russo 1999, p. 266-267) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  20. 20. 3. Sign Development Criteria Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  21. 21. 3. Sign Development Criteria • Symmetry right – obligation • import – export (Russo 1999, p. 268) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  22. 22. 3. Sign Development Criteria • Acronyms (Russo 1999, p. 268) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  23. 23. 3. Sign Development Criteria • Initials (Russo 1999, p. 268) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  24. 24. 3. Sign Development Criteria • Imagination Source: modified from Kohn and Albl-Mikasa 2002, p. 260. Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  25. 25. 3. Sign Development Criteria depende (Nieto García) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  26. 26. 3. Sign Development Criteria depende (Nieto García) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  27. 27. 3. Sign Development Criteria depende (Nieto García) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  28. 28. 3. Sign Development Criteria depende (Nieto García) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  29. 29. 3. Sign Development Criteria depende independent (Nieto García) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  30. 30. 3. Sign Development Criteria depende independent (Nieto García) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  31. 31. 3. Sign Development Criteria depende independent (Nieto García) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  32. 32. 4. Use procedures Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  33. 33. 4. Use procedures • One-to-many correspondence (Russo 1999, p. 268) or “organic symbols” (Gillies 2005, p. 104) or “vagueness” (Kohn and Albl-Mikasa 2002, p. 260) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  34. 34. 4. Use procedures • Ad hoc signs (Russo 1999. p. 268-269) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  35. 35. 4. Use procedures • Multifunctional signs (Russo 1999, p. 268) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  36. 36. 4. Use procedures • Automatic and quick use (Russo 1999, p. 268-269; Gillies 2005, p. 130) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  37. 37. 4. Use procedures • Automatic and quick use (Russo 1999, p. 268-269; Gillies 2005, p. 130) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  38. 38. 4. Use procedures • Automatic and quick use (Russo 1999, p. 268-269; Gillies 2005, p. 130) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  39. 39. 4. Use procedures • Automatic and quick use  Gillies’ “rule of thumb” (Russo 1999, p. 268-269; Gillies 2005, p. 130) Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  40. 40. Bibliography • ALLIONI, S. Towards a Grammar of Consecutive Interpretation. In GRAN, L. and DODDS, J. (eds). The Theoretical and Practical Aspects of Teaching Conference Interpretation. Proceedings of the Trieste Symposium, 1989. Udine: Campanotto Editore, 1989, p. 191-197. • ALLIONI, S. Elementi di grammatica per l’interpretazione consecutiva. Trieste: Università degli studi di Trieste, 1998. • ATKIN, A. Peirce's Theory of Signs. [online] 13 October 2006, <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2013/entries/peirce-semiotics/>. [consulted on 6 May 2014] • BOSCH MARCH, C. Técnicas de interpretación consecutiva: la toma de notas. Manual para el estudiante. Granada: Comares, 2012. • GILLIES, A. Note-Taking for Consecutive Interpreting - A Short Course. Manchester: St. Jerome Publishing, 2005. • KOHN, K. and ALBL-MIKASA, M. Note-taking in consecutive interpreting. On the reconstruction of an individualised language. In VAN VAERENBERGH, L. (ed). Linguistics and Translation Studies. Hogeschool Antwerpen, Hoger Instituut voor Vertalers & Tolken, 2002, p. 257-272. • MATYSSEK, H. Handbuch der Notizentechnik für Dolmetscher: Ein Weg zur sprachunabhängigen Notation, Teil I + II. Heidelberg: Julius Groos, 1989. • ROZAN, J.-F. Note-taking in Consecutive Interpreting. Cracow: Tertium, 2003. • RUSSO, M. Sviluppo morfologico del codice dell’interpretazione consecutiva. In FALBO, C., RUSSO, M. and STRANIERO SERGIO, F. (eds). Interpretazione simultanea e consecutiva. Problemi teorici e metodologie didattiche. Milano: Ulrico Hoepli Editore S.p.A., 1999, p. 245-272. Development of Note-taking Signs for Consecutive Interpreting – Alessandra Vita
  41. 41. Thank you very much for your attention! Alessandra Vita Traductora & Intérprete (IT, ES, EN, DE) www.alessandravita.com * @AVinterpreter

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