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Sartre.ppt

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Sartre.ppt

  1. 1. Jean-Paul Sartre & Existentialism
  2. 2. Quel Est Existentialisme? • In Sartre’s words, “existence precedes essence” • Absolute freedom: “We are condemned to be free” • Life is essentially meaningless
  3. 3. Does this mean there’s no point to my existence?
  4. 4. So if everything’s left up to me, it doesn’t really matter what I do, does it?
  5. 5. You are still responsible for your own actions!
  6. 6. Let’s Talk About Nothingness! • “Being and Nothingness” (Freedom and Responsibility) – War: “There are no innocent victims” – Why was I born?
  7. 7. Who would Sartre blame for the Creature’s condition in Frankenstein? Why? Is this a valid argument?
  8. 8. On a similar note, would an existentialist agree with Rousseau’s justification for his behavior?
  9. 9. Is Sartre right? • Are we entirely responsible for ourselves? • What about nature vs. nurture? • Is there any inherent meaning in life? • Does our freedom to choose really induce us to take responsibility for ourselves? • If I know I’m going to die in the end, why should I bother to worry about the effects of my actions?
  10. 10. Bibliography • Banach, David. “Ethics of Absolute Freedom.” Saint Anselm College. <http://philosophy.lander.edu/intro/sartre.html>. • Drake, Tom. “Existentialism Shorty Notes.” <http://www.class.uidaho.edu/engl_258/Lecture%20Notes/existentialis m%20quick%20and%20dirty.htm>. • Drake, Tom. “Existentialism.” <http://www.class.uidaho.edu/engl_258/Lecture%20Notes/existentialis m.htm>. • “Existential Ethics.” Lander University. <http://philosophy.lander.edu/intro/sartre.html>. • Sartre, Jean-Paul. “Being and Nothingness.” The Norton Anthology of Western Literature. Eds. Sarah Lawall, et al. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2006. 2104-06. • Sartre, Jean-Paul. “Existentialism Is a Humanism.” Marxists Internet Archive. <http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/sartre/works/exist/sartre.ht m>.

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