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SlideShare utilise les cookies pour améliorer les fonctionnalités et les performances, et également pour vous montrer des publicités pertinentes. Si vous continuez à naviguer sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. Consultez notre Politique de confidentialité et nos Conditions d’utilisation pour en savoir plus.
How do some leaders attract followers and inspire them to pursue a shared goal, achieving beyond ordinary expectations? Visionary leadership theory seeks to answer this question by studying leaders who inspire extraordinary levels of achievement in their followers through an inspiring vision and through other behaviors. Visionary leaders can be found in every facet of society, whether business, government, social change movements, religious organizations, community groups, or sports teams. Visionary leadership exists in all cultures, across gender lines, and at all organizational levels. However, the phenomenon of leadership has been studied for thousands of years, it was not until the late 1970s that formal visionary leadership theories were developed
The concept of Visionary Leadership has been around for decades. Today we will discuss, in detail, what qualities and traits a Visionary Leader needs to succeed. is it that makes a visionary become a visionary leader? Early ideas on visionary leadership were developed via the sociologist Max Weber’s notions of charisma and the transformational and charismatic leadership theories of the historian James MacGregor Burns and the management scholar Robert House. Other theorists, such as Bernard Bass, Ben Avolio, Warren Bennis, Burt Nanus, Jay Conger, and Rabindra Kanungo also developed theories with vision communication components. Visionary leadership
Strategic Leadership A synergistic combination of managerial & visionary leadership. A visionary leader and a good leader possess some of the same qualities. Where the good leader guides their people through their daily tasks and duties, the Visionary Leader guides their people to perform for the future.
A visionary leader and a good leader possess some of the same qualities. Where the good leader guides their people through their daily tasks and duties, the Visionary Leader guides their people to perform for the future.
They share their vision and recruit others to help in the vision becoming a reality. A visionary leader sees the whole picture and can connect the dots while a good leader tends to operate on a day-to-day basis.
A visionary leader will think about a strategy, and how it will affect the organization for the next 5, 10, or 20 years. A good leader will not always think about tomorrow until tomorrow is today.
A visionary leader is not only good with words, they are good with actions as well. A visionary leader brings their vision into the world, thus changing the world in some way. A visionary will always promote a team atmosphere.
Meeting the challenges of visionary leadership: Challenge the process. Show enthusiasm. Help others to act. Set the example. Celebrate achievements.
A visionary may dream wonderful visions of the future and articulate them with great inspiration. A visionary is good with words. But a visionary leader is good with actions as well as words, and so can bring his/her vision into being in the world, thus transforming it in some way. More than words are needed for a vision to take form in today’s world. It requires leadership and heartfelt commitment.A visionary leader is effective in manifesting his or her vision because s/he creates specific, achievable goals, initiates action and enlists the participation of others. What are the qualities and abilities of true visionary leaders? What is the mysterious inner process within leaders that enables them to work their magic and radiate the charisma that mobilizes others for a higher purpose? Visionary leadership is based on a balanced expression of the spiritual, mental, emotional and physical dimensions. It requires core values, clear vision, empowering relationships, and innovative action. When one or more of these dimensions are missing, leadership cannot manifest a vision.
COMMITMENT TO CORE SPIRITUAL VALUES A commitment to values is an outstanding characteristic of all visionary leaders. They embody a sense of personal integrity, and radiate a sense of energy, vitality and will. Will is standing in a spiritual state of being. Will is a spiritual attribute, which allows a leader to stand for something. More self-aware and reflective than others, visionary leaders follow an inner sense of direction, and lead from the inside out, as exemplified by Mahatma Gandhi. He said, “I must first be the change I want to see in my world.” He was a prime example of a commitment to values, as he freed India by appealing to the moral conscience of Britain and using “satyagraha” or non-violent action to reveal the immorality of the British Empire. Rather than being corrupted by power, visionary leaders are elevated by power and exercise moral leadership. Mary Robinson, former President of Ireland and U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, embodies this type of moral leadership, as does Marion Wright Edelman, founder of the Children’s Defense Fund, who has a deep commitment to children’s welfare. Many successful leaders in business, such as Jeffrey Swartz of Timberland Shoes, have demonstrated the power of living their values. Swartz pays employees to volunteer in the community and honors the “double bottom line”--profit and values”. Tom Chappell, CEO of Tom’s of Maine, found that he could “do well by doing good.” Doing good-- embodying his values--has made his company very profitable. Tom’s of Maine uses all natural ingredients in their products to protect consumers and the environment.
A CLEAR, INSPIRATIONAL VISION Visionaries who are successful at manifesting their visions base their leadership on an inspirational, positive picture of the future, as well as a clear sense of direction as to how to get there. Vision is a field that brings energy into form. Effective leaders broadcast a coherent message by themselves embodying their vision, as author Margaret Wheatley notes. They keep communicating the vision to create a strong field which then brings their vision into physical reality. Nelson Mandela clearly held a positive vision of a racially harmonious South Africa during his 28 years in jail and helped bring it into reality peacefully-- to the amazement of the world. The best visionary leaders move energy to a higher level by offering a clear vision of what is possible. They inspire people to be better than they already are and help them identify with what Lincoln called “the angels of their better nature.” This was the power of Martin Luther King’s “I have a dream” speech. The creative power of lighted, inspired words can sound a certain inner note that people recognize and respond to. This then creates dramatic social change. Like King, visionary leaders have the ability to sense the deeper spiritual needs of followers and link their current demands to these deeper, often unspoken, need for purpose and meaning. Visionary leaders often have the ability to see higher spiritual forces at work behind the scenes of events, and they align with the vision of these redemptive forces. Both George Washington and Winston Churchill spoke about the help they received from a “guiding hand.” Churchill said, “...we have a guardian because we serve a great cause, and we shall have that guardian as long as we serve that cause faithfully.” Sojourner Truth, a former slave, was guided by an inner spiritual experience to preach the emancipation of slaves and women’s rights all over the country during the Civil War. President Anwar Sadat of Egypt had a vision of Mohammed who told him to create peace in the Middle East. This vision is the hidden story behind the Camp David Peace Treaty between Arabs and Israelis.Visionary leaders transmit energy to people, giving them a new sense of hope and confidence in achieving the vision. Television host Oprah Winfrey helps her guests believe in themselves and work to create a better world.Visionary leaders often enunciate a vision based on principles that become guideposts for humanity. They intuitively draw on the ageless wisdom and present it in a new synthesis to meet the particular need of the times. In the Brundtland Report, Gro Brundtland, former Prime Minister of Norway, helped synthesize the principles of sustainable development that are needed to protect our environment for future generations.
RESPECTFUL, EMPOWERING RELATIONSHIPS Good relationships are the heart of effective visionary leaders. They embody a deeply caring approach to people, seeing them as their greatest asset. Aaron Feuerstein, CEO of Malden Mills, kept all his employees on the payroll when a fire destroyed 75% of his factories. His employees were so grateful they helped him rebuild and within a year the company was more profitable than ever.In contrast to the old style of leadership which tells people what to do, and pushes or dominates them, visionary leaders embody a receptive, as well as a dynamic energy. They know how to listen and learn from other points of view and have fine tuned their communications skills. Rita Bailey, Director of Southwest Airline’s University for People, says the secret of the airline’s amazing financial success is living by the golden rule--treating employees as family, with warmth and respect. Employees then treat customers the same way.Visionary leaders promote a partnership approach and create a shared sense of vision and meaning with others. They exhibit a greater respect for others and carefully develop team spirit and team learning, Building this sense of shared vision and partnership has also been key to the effectiveness of feminist Gloria Steinem.The most effective visionary leaders are responsive to the real needs of people and they develop participative strategies to include people in designing their own futures. This approach has been very successful for Robert Haas, the CEO of Levi Strauss. Rather than confront or avoid conflict, the new leaders have learned how to transform conflict into usable energy. They work to unite--rather than divide-- people.
Emotional Intelligence is the ability to understand others’ emotions and your own. It is also the skill to be able to control your emotions and have empathy and compassion when it comes to others’ emotions.
INNOVATIVE, COURAGEOUS ACTION Visionary leaders are especially noted for transforming old mental maps or paradigms, and creating strategies that are “outside the box” of conventional thought. They embody a balance of right brain (rational) and left brain (intuitive) functions. Their thinking is broad and systemic, seeing the big picture, the whole system, and “the pattern that connects.” They then create innovative strategies for actualizing their vision. CNN founder Ted Turner transformed television news by boldly creating an around-the-clock international news network. CEO Ray Anderson took courageous action in transforming his world-wide company, Interface Carpets, into the most environmentally sustainable corporation. Interface launched a massive effort to cut its use of energy, replace petroleum-based supplies with vegetable-based substitutes, and reduce emissions by 24%. Customers now don’t buy a wall-to-wall carpet--they rent one--and when it wears out, all its component parts are recycled, and the customer receives a new one.Visionary leaders anticipate change and are proactive, rather than reactive to events. Their focus is on opportunities, not on problems. They emphasize win/win--rather than adversarial win/lose--approaches. This is the strategy of environmental economist Hazel Henderson, author ofBuilding a Win/Win World, who created The Calvert/Henderson Sustainable Indicators with the Calvert Social Investment Funds.Body Shop founder Anita Roddick addressed health and environmental problems, as well as poverty in the Third World, through the innovative strategies she designed for her hugely successful products and stores. Products are made of non-polluting ingredients and stores are opened in poor neighborhoods to provide employment and return profit to the community. When we see a truly visionary leader accomplishing great things, s/he is drawing on the resources of their soul and its remarkable capabilities. Each of us can access our inner resources to become a more effective leader in our own field. First we must be willing to take initiative and stand for something we believe in passionately. We must be ready to take the heat. Many of us avoid the responsibility of leadership primarily because we are too sensitive to criticism. But when we know who we truly are and we live from an inner core of values, criticism can be filtered to take in only what is true and helpful to our growth. Today, as we enter the Third Millennium, thousands of new visionary leaders are emerging in all fields of human endeavor around the world, leading a quiet revolution energized by power of the soul. By appreciating and supporting those who lead from their core spiritual values, we strengthen those leadership qualities in ourselves. An exploration of futuristic endeavors in science and technology includes traveling to Mars, printing 3D human organs for transplants, harnessing the energy of nuclear fusion reactions to create a limitless energy source, and unlocking the power of the mind by mapping the brain
CNN's Fareed Zakaria explores inspiring futuristic endeavors in science and technology for a special edition of Fareed Zakaria GPS, Moonshots for the 21st Century, available now exclusively via CNNgo, the network's TV Everywhere product that gives viewers control of their CNN experience. This Fareed Zakaria GPS special takes a fascinating look at how harnessing the energy of nuclear fusion reactions may create a virtually limitless energy source, unlocking innovations in hypersonic flight, and revealing the power of the mind by mapping the brain. Will astronauts reach Mars by the 2030s? Will it soon be possible to 3D-print human organs for life-saving transplants? Zakaria guides viewers on a tour of how scientists may turn these technological pipe dreams into reality during an extraordinary hour of discoveries. Guests include NASA Administrator Charles Bolden; the chief of the Bioficial Heart Division of the Cardiovascular Innovation Institute at the University of Louisville, Dr. Stuart Williams; from the energy development member nation organization ITER, U.S. head Ned Sauthoff and scientists Gunther Janeschitz and Mark Henderson; the chief engineer for the high speed systems division at the Air Force Research Laboratory, Robert Mercier; and theoretical physicist & futurist Dr. Michio Kaku. Moonshots for the 21st Century: A Fareed Zakaria GPS Special is available to viewers now by logging in with a TV provider username and password on CNN's iPad app or via www.CNN.com/go
Visionary Leadership is where all employees are empowered because they have already owned for themselves the vision of their leader. The leader has already planted the seeds of the organizational vision in their hearts. And this vision is growing. There is contagion in the vision as it brings together the whole organization around a sense of purpose and mission. The more powerful the vision is, the more cohesive and committed the individual members of the organization are. This vision which is exemplified by the leader must be all consuming so as to bring out the best in people even in the most challenging times.This vision must be powerful so as to encourage everybody to rise up to the call of the vision and spend their lives in a single minded pursuit of this vision. Visionary leadership aligns all people in its organization to share this higher purpose and work for the goals with creativity, joy, and inspiration, and imagination. What are the advantages of Visionary Leadership? • Visionary leadership integrates the task orientation style and people orientation style of leadership in a qualitatively new level of performance. People will perform tasks because they are happy to do them as they are inspired by the vision. In the same manner, the whole organization will have a certain degree of semi “religious” cohesiveness and a sense of solidarity because they share a common cause.• Visionary leadership brings out the best in people and make them perform beyond their imagined limitations. People will be happy not only because their leader is the best but because they have become their best selves because of their leader.• In Visionary Leadership, the mechanisms of control such as rewards and punishments become internal rather than external. People would want to do things right because they understand it in their hearts and not because of some external monetary rewards, social commendations or promotions. As the saying goes, “Virtue is a reward in itself.”• Visionary leadership easily transcends individual personality idiosyncrasies and differences that characterize many office-related squabbling. The leader and the members have a sense of communion. The members accept each other because they are all together having the same dreams and they are all working together making those dreams come true. Each contributes his best to create the most fruitful working environment. People are not affected by petty issues because they have a big picture to look up to.• Visionary leadership empowers all the members to be strong to face all challenges despite the odds. This is because their vision is larger than themselves. They are not working for a selfish purpose alone. They are working with a sense of mission and meaning that provides spiritual energy to everybody in the organization. Thus the morale of the group is always high as they are always ready to face problems and setbacks.
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(e.g. Bennis & Nanus, 1985; Nanus, 1992)
WHAT IS LEADERSHIP?
The ability to influence a group toward the
achievement of goals.
1.A Commitment to Core Spiritual
2. A Clear, Inspirational Vision &
Nelson Mandela clearly
held a positive vision of a
racially harmonious South
Africa during his 28 years
in jail and helped bring it
into reality peacefully-- to
the amazement of the
• They embody a
them as their
“ refers to the capacity for recognizing your
own feelings and those of others, for
motivating ourselves, and for managing
emotions well in ourselves and in our
~ Daniel Goleman
4. Innovative, Courageous Action
• MOONSHOTS FOR
THE 21st CENTURY
6.The Power of Imagination
change and are
7. Make Social Responsibility your
Guided by a belief that the
personal computer would
be a valuable tool on every
office desktop and in
every home, they began
developing software for
THEY EXECUTE WITH CONFIDENCE
• They move confidently toward
their goals by initiating the
action and getting others to buy
in on their beliefs
Barack Obama’s Iraq speech:
“battles that we need to fight. Those are
the battles that we willingly join. The
battles against ignorance and
intolerance, corruption and greed,
poverty and despair.”
• Visionary leaders inspire
those around them
because they've thought
long and hard about
where they want to go
and how to get there.
The Italian-born President of the
Indian National Congress and the
widow of former Prime Minister of
India Rajiv Gandhi.
THEY AREN'T WORRIED ABOUT
leaders are more
for their skills,
work ethic than
they are about
An adamant leader who wants only
business to be done..but still being
Respected for his achievements and
• “ I will always
choose a lazy
person to do a
he will find an easy
way to do it”
THEY BELIEVE IN ACTIONS.
• A British theoretical
physicist who was
affected by motor
neuron disease at the
age of 21.
• Now 65, fully paralyze
• He became the first
quadriplegic to float in
THEY CREATE LEARNING
• LOUIS BRAILLE ,
the blind inventor of
Braille, a world-wide
system used by
blind and visually
impaired people for
reading and writing.
• A K Antony- as a
chief minister of
Kerala, has never
interfered with the
delegated powers of
the ministers of
different portfolio.A K ANTONY
Defence Minister of India
THEY HAVE HIGH EXPECTATIONS.
Dr. A P J ABDUL KALAM
AS A KNOWLEDGE
• Avoidance of risk-taking
• Lack of involvement in
• Lack of knowledge in an
increasingly complex world
HIS EYES WERE
ON ARAB OIL
THEIR EYES WERE NOT ON THE HORIZON
No one knows, with any certainty, how many people have been killed and wounded by
bombs, bullets, and bombing-induced fire in Iraq since the US invasion in 2003.
But several facts are known:
— There are more than 133,000 individually recorded civilian deaths since the 2003
invasion of Iraq due to direct war related violence and tens of thousands of Iraqi
civilians have been wounded.
The 133,000 number for civilians killed by direct war-related violence includes deaths
recorded by official government sources and news media caused by all parties to the
war — the US, its allies, the Iraqi military and police, and militants/insurgents. 
Approximately 1.5 million people remain either internally displaced or have fled the
country; in other words, 1 in 20 Iraqis are still displaced from their homes. 
Unemployment also remains high
Five Principles Of
• Challenge the Process - Be a pioneer -
encourage innovation and support people
• Be Enthusiastic - Inspire others through
personal enthusiasm to share in a
• Help Others to Act - Be a team player
and support the efforts and talents of
Five Principles Of
• Set the Example - Provide a consistent
role model of how others can and should
• Celebrate Achievements - Bring emotion
into the workplace and rally "hearts" as
well as "minds."
Your job as a Visionary Leader
is to set the direction and to
spread your vision throughout
the organization by empowering
your associates to listen, act,
look for feedback, and to
always have the organization’s
best interests at heart.