3. TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN YES/NO/NOT GIVEN
Task focus Ability to recognise facts. Ability to recognise opinions, views,
Type of text(s) Usually factual texts. Discursive or argumentative.
True (or yes) means that the text says this. BUT, it is very important to understand that the
statement will be heavily paraphrased, and maybe even stated in an indirect way.
False (or no) means that the text directly contradicts the statement. That means that you can tell
by reading the text that the statement cannot be true. Again, expect heavy
Not given means that the text does not contain this information. Even if you think the
statement might be true or false… if the text doesn’t state this information (or
paraphrase it) then the answer is “Not Given”!
4. True False
Not Given /
Yes No Not
Task: Decide if information or writer’s opinions in the question statements can be
found in the passage.
• Identifying specific information in the passage
• Scanning and understanding information (T/F/NG questions)
• Understanding the opinions of the writer (Y/N/NG questions)
• Understand the meaning of each answer
yes/true: the same information is found in the passage
no/false: the opposite information is found in the passage
not given: the information is not found in the passage
• Paraphrase the statements before trying to locate the answers
• Many words will be paraphrased so watch out for that (for example,
work=employment; changing= altering; etc)
• Don’t just match key words, you are aiming to match meaning. Some of the key
words might be the same in the passage but it doesn’t mean the answer is true or
• Answers come in order.