What is Java?
Java is a popular programming language,
created in 1995.
It is owned by Oracle, and more than 3 billion
devices run Java.
It is used for:
• Mobile applications (specially Android apps)
• Desktop applications
• Web applications
• Web servers and application servers
• Database connection
• And much, much more!
Why Use Java?
• Java works on different platforms (Windows,
Mac, Linux, Raspberry Pi, etc.)
• It is one of the most popular programming
language in the world
• It is easy to learn and simple to use
• It is open-source and free
• It is secure, fast and powerful
• It has a huge community support (tens of
millions of developers)
• Java is an object oriented language which gives
a clear structure to programs and allows code to
be reused, lowering development costs
• As Java is close to C++ and C#, it makes it
easy for programmers to switch to Java or vice
In Java, everything is an Object. Java can be easily extended
since it is based on the Object model.
Unlike many other programming languages including C and C++,
when Java is compiled, it is not compiled into platform specific
machine, rather into platform-independent byte code. This byte
code is distributed over the web and interpreted by the Virtual
Machine (JVM) on whichever platform it is being run on.
Java is designed to be easy to learn. If you understand the basic
concept of OOP Java, it would be easy to master.
With the use of Just-In-Time compilers, Java enables high
Java compiler generates an architecture-neutral object file format,
which makes the compiled code executable on many processors,
with the presence of Java runtime system.
Being architecture-neutral and having no implementation
dependent aspects of the specification makes Java portable. The
compiler in Java is written in ANSI C with a clean portability
boundary, which is a POSIX subset.
Java makes an effort to eliminate error-prone situations by
emphasizing mainly on compile time error checking and runtime
With Java's multithreaded feature it is possible to write programs
that can perform many tasks simultaneously. This design feature
allows the developers to construct interactive applications that can
Java byte code is translated on the fly to native machine
instructions and is not stored anywhere. The development process
is more rapid and analytical since the linking is an incremental and
Java is designed for the distributed environment of the internet.
Java is considered to be more dynamic than C or C++ since it is
designed to adapt to an evolving environment. Java programs can
carry an extensive amount of run-time information that can be used
to verify and resolve accesses to objects at run-time.
With Java's secure feature it enables to develop virus-free, tamper-
free systems. Authentication techniques are based on public-key
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