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Fuller Presentation

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Fuller Presentation

  1. 1. Sensory Processing Disorder Amanda Fuller December 2, 2009
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Define Sensory Processing Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss A. Jean Ayres, Ph.D., ORT. </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of SPD </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>What causes SPD? </li></ul><ul><li>How SPD is diagnosed </li></ul><ul><li>Proper treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Can medicine help? </li></ul><ul><li>Hope for the future of those with SPD </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sensory Processing Disorder <ul><li>Sensory processing disorder (SPD) is a neurological disorder. The sensory information coming into the brain is misinterpreted. The information can be over-processed, under-processed, or processed with interference. </li></ul>
  4. 4. A. Jean Ayres, Ph.D., OTR <ul><li>SPD was formulated by Dr. Ayres over 50 years ago. Dr. Ayres lead other occupational therapists in developing interventional strategies. She published a book in 1972 that argued that sensory problems were more than just a symptom of other disorders. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Recognition <ul><li>SPD is not recognized by the American Psychiatric Association as a legitimate disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Many health care providers are unaware or unfamiliar with SPD. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This can lead to misdiagnosis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child could be prescribed a stimulating drug that has no effect </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Research <ul><li>Some research has been done on SPD, but much more is needed. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No official recognition from the American Psychiatric Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desperately needed research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need of complete coverage for treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No standardized diagnostic test </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cause <ul><li>Cause is unknown </li></ul><ul><li>Is thought to be inherited </li></ul><ul><li>Other implications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prenatal and birth complications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental factors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Likely to be the results of a combination of both genetic and environmental factors </li></ul><ul><li>? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Diagnosis <ul><li>Thorough questionnaire is given </li></ul><ul><li>Includes questions regarding: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>touch (tactile) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hearing (auditory) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>taste (oral) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>smell (olfactory) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sight (visual) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emotional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>self-regulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Diagnosis Cont. <ul><li>The doctor reviews the questionnaire </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis is determined </li></ul><ul><li>Child is sent to be evaluated by an occupational therapist </li></ul>
  10. 10. Treatment <ul><li>Each child is given their own sensory diet </li></ul><ul><li>This diet will help balance a child’s senses </li></ul><ul><li>Designed by the OT to fit each child’s needs </li></ul>
  11. 11. Treatment Cont. <ul><li>Books Toys </li></ul>
  12. 12. Can Medicine Help? <ul><li>There is currently no cure and no medication that can aide SPD. With therapy and support from family, a child can eventually learn to alleviate some of the effect of SPD. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Hope for future <ul><li>It is hoped that with in the next 4 years SPD will be recognized by the APA and more needed research on SPD will be done. </li></ul>

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