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Understanding Database Options

  1. Understanding Database Options on AWS Rahul Pathak Senior Product Manager @rahulpathak
  2. We want to make it easy for you to go from 1. Zero to Application in ____ Minutes 2. Zero to Millions of users in ____ Days 3. Zero to “Profits!” ASAP
  3. Focus on your application
  4. Spectrum of options SQL NoSQL Do-it-yourself Fully Managed Not available  on AWS Low Cost High Cost
  5. Spectrum of options SQL NoSQL Do-it-yourself Fully Managed
  6. Spectrum of options SQL NoSQL MySQL Do-it-yourself Fully Managed Oracle SQL Server PostgreSQL Your favorite RDBMS RDS - MySQL - Oracle - SQL Server
  7. Spectrum of options SQL NoSQL Do-it-yourself Fully Managed MongoDB Cassandra Redis Amazon DynamoDB Memcache Amazon ElastiCache
  8. Thinking about the questions Should I use SQL or Should I use MySQL NoSQL? on EC2 or RDS? Should I use MongoDB, ? Should I use Redis, Cassandra, or Memcache, or DynamoDB? ElastiCache?
  9. Actually, thinking about the right questions What are my What are my scale transactional and and latency needs? consistency needs? What are my ? What are my time to read/write, storage market and server and IOPS needs? control needs?
  10. What’s important for your application and your team? Factors SQL NoSQL Application • App with complex business logic? • Web app with lots of users? Transactions • Complex transactions, joins, updates? • Simple data model, updates, queries? Scale • Developer managed • Automatic, on-demand scaling Performance • Developer architected • Consistent, high performance at scale Availability • Architected for fail-over • Seamless and transparent Core Skills • SQL + Java/Ruby/Python/PHP • NoSQL + Java/Ruby/Python/PHP Best of both worlds: Use both SQL and NoSQL models in one app
  11. Where do you want to spend your time? Factors Do it Yourself (DIY) Fully Managed • Transparent to the app and configured by the Replication • Granular, app managed service Monitoring • Specific agents and custom • Automated and API driven Security • Root access, custom configurations • Hardened by the service Resources • Requires more dev resources and time • Requires minimal dev resources and time Time to market • Sophistication vs. speed • Rapid iteration Required Skills • Systems, databases, monitoring focused • Application development, User centric Best of both worlds: Possible to manage different tiers differently
  12. We believe in choice – one size does not fit all Traditional Apps Amazon RDS Amazon New Web Apps Relational DB Needs + DynamoDB Massive Scalability ElastiCache Amazon Redshift Just Launched! High Performance, High Scale Data Warehouses
  13. Amazon RDS is a fully managed SQL database service Choice of database engines Simple to deploy and scale Reliable and cost effective Without any operational burden
  14. Amazon RDS drives developer and IT productivity Migration Backup and recovery Schema design Patching Query construction Configuration management Query optimization Software upgrades Storage upgrades Frequent server upgrades Focus on the App “innovation” Hardware mgmt. Offload the “muck” to RDS
  15. Amazon RDS high availability and performance options Amazon RDS Improve Increase Reduce Multi-AZ Configuration Availability Throughput Latency Push-Button Scaling Multi-AZ Availability Availability Zone Read Replicas Zone Provisioned IOPS Region Push-Button Scaling Provisioned IOPS Read Replicas
  16. Creating a read replica Do-it-yourself MySQL Read Replica Amazon RDS Read Replica ~30+ manual steps A few clicks or one API call
  17. Creating high availability database deployments Do-it-yourself MySQL on AWS Amazon RDS Multi-AZ Set up primary and standby instances Set up identical volumes Create synchronous replication Create and manage DNS entries Detect instance failure conditions Detect network failure conditions Detect storage failure conditions Decide when to fail-over…. Re-establish primary secondary connections. Potentially ~100+ manual steps A few clicks or one API call
  18. Who is succeeding with RDS? More than 30,000 developers use RDS every single day Gaming Web Apps Mobile/Social Media
  19. Amazon RDS – Recently announced features • 3 TB database size & 30,000 IOPS • Online conversion from Standard to Provisioned IOPS storage • Promote Read Replica to Master • Stay tuned…
  20. Amazon ElastiCache is a fully managed Memcached-compatible caching service Easy to set up and operate Scale cache clusters with push button ease Ultra fast response time for read scaling Without any operational burden
  21. Amazon ElastiCache – Recently announced features • Free tier & new instance sizes (Micros and Mediums) • Amazon VPC support • Auto Discovery • Stay tuned…
  22. Amazon DynamoDB is a fully managed NoSQL database service From the creators of the first NoSQL technology Store and retrieve any amount of data Scale throughput to millions of I/O Single-digit millisecond latencies Without any operational burden
  23. Creating NoSQL deployment on AWS Do-it-yourself NoSQL on AWS Amazon DynamoDB Select the right NoSQL Database engine Deploy hardware configurations Set up software configurations Decide and deploy replication configurations Create and manage DNS entries Detect instance failure conditions Detect network failure conditions Detect storage failure conditions Decide when to fail-over…. Re-establish application connections. Potentially ~100s of manual steps Three clicks or one API call
  24. Amazon DynamoDB: who is succeeding with it?
  25. Data warehousing done the AWS way • Easy to provision and scale up massively • No upfront costs, pay as you go • Really fast performance at a really low price • Open and flexible with support for popular tools
  26. Amazon Redshift is a fast, powerful, fully managed, petabyte-scale data warehouse service 10x faster 10x cheaper Easy to use Without any operational burden
  27. Amazon Redshift architecture • Columnar, massively parallel processing (MPP) • Scales from hundreds of gigabytes to a JDBC/ODBC petabyte or more • Connects to standard SQL-based clients and BI tools using JDBC/ODBC via Postgres drivers 10 GigE • Fully-managed service (HPC) • Pay as you go, no software license fees • VPC, SSL, and transparent data encryption Ingestion Backup Restore
  28. Medidata Solutions Isaac Wong VP of Platform Architecture
  29. Choose the best tool for the job • One size does not fit all • Managed or do-it-yourself offerings for virtually all use cases – These aren’t mutually exclusive • Focus on your application
  30. Resources & Questions • Rahul Pathak | | @rahulpathak • •