2. Definition of term
Man- General term commonly used to refer to the entire
Human - refers to man as species; HOMO SAPIENS or
MODERN HUMAN BEING. The term human being is
also used to differentiate man from the animals.
Person- is a much more complex term which generally
refers to a human being granted recognition of certain
right, protection, responsibilities, and dignity, above all.
Philosophers refer to the human person as the totality of
an individual, possessing awareness, self-
determination, and the capacity to interact with others
and with himself/herself. Personhood refers to the state
of being a person.
3. Personhood- the state of being a
Human nature- a general term refers
to the deepest and natural behavior of a
person that distinguish human from
animals. A collective traits that formed
and considered the very essence of
humanity. Nobody can be considered
man without human nature.
4. - An animating core living within each of us.
It is known to be the driving force behind what
we actually think, do and say.
Spirit- this intangible elements enables us to
experience thought, possess awareness,
interiority, and the capacity to reach out to the
outside world and other person.
Embodiment- the representation or expression of
something in a tangible or visible form, enables
us to do and experience all the things that makes
us human persons.
What is Embodied Spirit?
5. - -The embodiment of the spirit particularly
refers to the inseparable union of the human
body and soul.
-Inseparable which also means the body and soul
work together at all times. Hence, we can safely
say that “embodied spirit” that the body is not
separate from the soul, just as the soul is not
separated from the body.
7. refers to the person having a clear
perception on oneself, including his
thoughts, emotions, identity and actions.
The human person is defined by a deeper
awareness that is driven by rationality or
human thought. A person is
aware of both his or her surrounding and
himself or herself.
Human person as an Embodied Spirit
8. This awareness gives rise to the notion of
the “self”, which the philosophers
describe as the person who is actively
aware that he or she is perceiving and
We experience interiority, that is, the
quality of being focused on one’s inner
life and identity.
Try saying this!
I am a person,
I am alive
I am here. I am present
I am living at this moment.
9. refers to the capacity of person to
make choices and decisions, based on
their own preferences, monitor and
regulate their action, and be goal
oriented and self-directed.
free will is the capacity to choose a
course of action from various
2. Self- determination
10. Consequence- the result or effect of an
action or condition. Philosophers
believe that a person acts freely and
with due regard for the consequences
of his or her actions.
Morality- is the “goodness or
badness” on an act.
11. 3. Externality
It is the capability of a person to reach
out and interact with others and the world.
the realization that we are not alone and
that there are indeed other people around
us enables us to reach out and establish
meaningful relationships with other.
Philosopher consider man as a social
being and that a person never exist in
12. 4. Dignity
Is the innate right to be valued and respected.
philosophers consider all humans as having an
inherent worth or value. Each person is worth
the same as another person in the sense that
every person is priceless, unique, unrepeatable
Human dignity is rooted in the nature of the
human. It means that a person has dignity
simply because of the fact that he is human.
Dignity is not retains his dignity in spite of her
actions or behavior.
13. Dignity also drives us to seek what is good.
Doing good deeds upholds and promotes
dignity of the human person. This recognition
of dignity is also the basis for the recognition
of human rights.
14. The first question philosophers
pondered was whether or not the
person is truly defined by his or her
body and what he or she experience
through the senses. The initial view
was that the person is a purely
physical being defined by his or her
body and what his or her body
What is in our human nature that
enables us to become persons?
15. Our body is not the only thing that defines us.
Philosophers believe that a person cannot be
simply reduced to his or her physical body.
Philosophers point to another aspect of of the
human person which, along with the body,
defines us a person. This intangible element is
the spirit which enables us to exercise thought,
possess awareness, interiority, and the capacity
to reach out to the outside world and other
16. Philosophers consider the human person as defined
by the union of the body and the spirit. The human
person is an embodied person. not only are the
body and spirit united, but they are also integrated
with each other.
Philosophers, on the other hand, argue that reducing a
profound experiences such as love to biological
functions or the activities of certain body parts is
absurd. We love not just with the heart nor with the
brain, but we love another person with our entire
How are the body and the spirit
17. Our experience is also a product of
embodiment. The human processes perceiving
our surrounding, we also react to the things we
The human body also stand as the mediator
between the material world and the spiritual
world. being an embodied spirit, the person is
able to encounter the world of objects in a
manner the transcends the physical. Human
embodiment allows persons to attach certain
feelings or ideas not only to people, but also to
18. With human embodiment, physical acts are no
longer purely physical acts, because the body
conveys something from a person’s inner world.
these emotions and ideas are given to another
person who, because of interiority, recognizes that
thoughts that the other wishes to convey.
19. Each individual carries within himself the
possibility of transcending his limits by
exerting enough effort and perseverance.
Philosophy gives us useful tools to explore
our limits and possibilities. The essence of
transcendence is to acknowledge our
limitations, identify possibilities for
development and change ourselves for the
20. Human persons are naturally deficient
beings. This means that we are not
prepared with the best physical aspects
among all the beings.
How does my human nature enable
me to explore my limits?
from a latin word which means climbing or going
Ability to change, be dynamic, and continually
redefining one’s self which works with our facticity
to create change.
As a human person, we have natural tendencies or
inclination. Some of these are felt bodily functions
like hunger, fatigue, etc. transcendence means
overcoming oneself or being in control even if the
body reminds us of certain. Although these
tendencies are felt, the person can govern them to
ensure that they are exercised within the bounds of
Limitation can lead to possibilities
22. Our capacity for transcendence
gives us the opportunity to work
toward becoming better version of
EMBODIED SPIRIT IS
THE DRIVING FORCE
OF WHAT WE THINK,
DO AND SAY.
AS HUMAN BEINGS
WE HAVE A UNIQUE
POWER TO CHANGE
THINGS FOR THE
IN AN EMBODIED
SPIRIT THE BODY IS
FROM THE SOUL, JUST
AS THE SOUL IS NOT
SEPARATED FROM THE
AS HUMAN BEING WE
HAVE THE UNIQUE
POWER TO CHANGE OUR
SELVES AND THINGS FOR
TRANSCENDENCE IS A
STATE OF EXISTENCE
ABOVE AND BEYOND
THE NORMAL OR
OUR CAPACITY FOR
TRANSCENDENCE GIVES US
OPPORTUNITY TO WORK
BETTER VERSION FOR