1. Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
REGION IV-A CALABARZON
SCHOOLS DIVISION OF BATANGAS
TUY SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
SIMPLIFIED LEARNING ACTIVITY SHEET IN ORGANIC AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION NC-II
1ST QUARTER, WEEK 1-WEEK 2
RAISING ORGANIC CHICKEN
Technology and Livelihood Education- Grade 10
Agri-Fishery Arts Animal Production
I. Learning Competency/ies with code
Raising Organic Chicken
LO 1. Selection of healthy stocks and suitable housing TLE_AFOA9-
1.1. Identify breed
1.2. Select healthy chicks
1.3. Determine suitable site for chicken house design
1.4. Prepare chicken house design
1.5. Prepare house equipment installation design
II. Directions/ Instructions
The following are some reminders in using this module:
1. Use the simplified activity sheet with care. Write your answer in the space
provided in the activity sheet.
2. Read the instruction carefully before doing each task.
3. Observe honesty and integrity in doing the tasks and checking your answers.
4. Finish the task at hand before proceeding to the next.
5. Return this simplified activity sheet to your teacher/facilitator once you are
through with it.
6. If you encounter any difficulty in answering the tasks in this module, do not
hesitate to consult your teacher.
7. Always bear in mind that you are not alone. We hope that through this
material, you will experience meaningful learning and gain deep
understanding of the relevant competencies. You can do it!
a. Identify suitable breed/stocks for breeding
b. Appreciate the importance of organic products to health
c. Prepare chicken house design.
Introduction to Organic agriculture and raising of organic chicken
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Organic Agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils,
ecosystems, and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted
to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic
Agriculture combines tradition, innovation, and science to benefit the shared
environment and promote fair relationships and good quality of life for all involved.
Organic farming is an agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century
in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices. Certified organic agriculture accounts
for 70 million hectares globally, with over half of that total in Australia. Wikipedia
Organic foods are grown and processed differently than conventional agricultural
products. Meats, like chicken, are fed organic feed and provided with access to the
outdoors, reports Mayoclinic.com. Organic chickens receive a balanced diet and clean
housing, which helps decrease the propensity of disease. The use of antibiotics and feed
made from other animal parts cannot be used in organic chicken farming.
Organic poultry meat comes from chickens with access to an abundance of fresh air,
daylight, and outdoor space. These chickens are fed only organic feed that is adapted to
this slow-growing breed.
Chicken Breeds in the Philippines and Choosing the Right One
If you plan to venture into chicken farming in the Philippines, one of the very first
and the most critical decisions that you will have to make is deciding on what kind of
niche you will (initially) focus on.
Once you pick one – such as meat production, egg production, or breeding – you will
have to decide which breeds of chicken you will farm. This article will take a closer look
at what to consider when choosing the right breeds for you, and what chicken breeds
are available in the Philippines.
Chicken Breeds in the Philippines
While in the past, Filipino farmers had to rely solely on native Philippine breeds of
chicken, nowadays there is plenty of choice.
Besides the native chicken, there are imported commercial breeds, as well as
improved native breeds which are engineered to retain the positive characteristics of the
native breeds while also acquiring some of the good characteristics of commercial
Below, we will look at several specific commercial broiler, commercial layer, and native
Philippine chicken breeds that you can get in the country.
Lists of Philippine Native Chicken Breeds
Name and characteristics Image
Darag is arguably the most popular native chicken
breed for backyard raisers in the Philippines.
Darag, a native chicken breed found in Iloilo,
Panay, Negros, and Guimaras has captivated the
taste buds of both locals and foreigners alike.
Prominent yellowish-brown plumage for females
and shiny red for males, black tail feathers, and
grey shanks describe the Darag. Best known for its
unique flavor, taste, and meat texture, it has
become famous as an alternative enterprise for
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Banaba is an indigenous chicken found in the
Quezon and Batangas provinces, the northern part
of the Philippines. According to the latest findings,
the Banaba shows promising characteristics in
terms of egg production and growth.
The Banaba fowl is a straight-combed breed.
Black-breasted with red-orange hackle feathers in
roosters. Hens are wheaten in color, straight-
combed. Black Tail feathers on both sexes.
Straight-comb with bright red earlobes; can have
white earlobes. Stands upright with slate-colored
shanks. Plumage colors may vary.
The Bolinao chickens are predominantly found in
the province of Pangasinan hence it is named after
the Bolinao town. The adult male has red plumage
with black breast and tail feathers. The hackle
feathers are bright orange. The feet range in color
from slate to gray and have usually straight spurs.
The earlobes are bright red. The female has a light
brown plumage with black tail feathers and a
yellowish-brown back. The earlobes are usually
white and the feet are slightly slate. Both sexes
have well-placed wings which are carried close to
the body. Roosters are popularly raised for
Camarines hen and rooster. Image
credit Philippine Native Chicken Farm
Camarines chicken breed originated from Bicol,
particularly in the Camarines area. The Camarines
chicken is closely similar to Barred Plymouth Rock
in color only it has a reddish barred plumage.
Camarines is one of the tallest and largest native
chicken breeds next to Paraoakan. Although
Camarines is bigger, taller, and heavier compared
to other native chicken breeds, it is the least
popular and one reason could be the rarity of its
A native of the Zamboanga Peninsula, Joloanon is
always confused with Paraoakn due to its similar
built and appearance but pure Joloanon has a
totally different color which is seldom can be seen
today outside the Zamboanga Peninsula.
Joloanon, which is also referred to by Ilonggos as
“Jolo”, is a tall chicken breed with tricolor plumage.
Its rooster is very popular among gamefowl
breeders as they use it to cross with imported
gamefowls. Like Paraoakan, there is not so much
difference aside from color.
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The Paraokan (or Parawakan) chicken originally
comes from Malaysia and was introduced to the
Philippines in the 14th century by Arab
missionaries and Muslim traders. It is currently
farmed mainly on the island of Palawan, but it can
also be found in the provinces of Maguindanao and
Lanao del Sur and on the islands of Basilan and
Jolo (for this reason, the breed is also known locally
Compared to other native poultry breeds in the
Philippines, the Paraokan chicken is the largest. It
has long legs, a larger body, and a head than other
local breeds, and an elongated neck.
Commercial Broilers in the Philippines
Arbor Acres Broilers
Arbor Acres broilers were bred by Aviagen, a major
American poultry company. In the Philippines, they
are supplied by San Miguel, and they are one of the
most popular broiler breeds in the country.
he advantages of Arbor Acres include excellent
livability, very good growth rate, efficient feed
conversion ratio, and very good meat yield.
It is especially the fact that they grow fast that
makes them popular among farmers seeking quick
harvests and profits.
The Hubbard broilers were originally developed by
Hubbard, a French company, that is now part of
Aviagen. In the Philippines, they are supplied by
Tyson Agro Ventures, and are especially popular in
the free range chicken meat production business.
Shaver StarBro Broilers
This breed, bred by the Canadian company Shaver,
is one of the older ones. In spite of that, it still
enjoys some popularity in the Philippines where it
can be sourced from Universal Robina Farms.
Being part of Aviagen’s portfolio of brands, the Ross
broilers are one of the world’s most popular
broilers. That is not surprising given that they are
excellent meat producers and have especially good
breast yield. As such, if managed properly, they will
reward you with excellent performance and
Cobbs are all rounded broilers that can survive in
various environments that can be found in the
Philippines. While they can be farmed in a
conventional system, they thrive exceptionally
when farmed in alternative poultry production
systems such as in free range conditions.
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Lohmann layers are one of the most common and
“classic” layer breeds in the Philippines as well as
the rest of the world. Originally, they were bred in
Germany by Lohmann Tierzucht, and in the
Philippines, they can be acquired from San Miguel
among other companies.
Dekalb White Layers
Dekalb White layers are another one of very popular
layer breeds used for egg production in the
Characteristics of the Dekalb White layers include
good livability, large number of eggs laid, good egg
size, as well as high quality of the eggs produced.
Babcock Brown/White Layers
Babcock White layers are another breed of layers
that is prolific in the Philippines, and especially well
known for their large eggs. Not only that, but they
are highly adaptable chickens and perform well in
a wide variety of climatic conditions. And, they also
have a very calm temperament.
How to Pick a Healthy Chick
Chick Days are in full swing and if you walk into any farm and ranch store, chances are
good that you’ll be greeted with fuzzy, adorable peeping chicks. Who can resist?! But
before you scoop up your chicks, you’ll want to make sure you’re choosing the healthiest
of the flock.
Here are ways to spot a healthy chick:
• They’re alert and active – may be cheeping softly, looking for food, and will move away
from you when approached. Chicks that aren’t well will appear lethargic and
constantly sleepy, and may not try to move away when approached
• If chicks are happy, healthy and warm, they won’t huddle together when awake
• Bright-eyed – chicks with a blank stare, crusted eyes or always sleepy may not be
• Look for a beak that is not crossed over or broken – birds with beak issues will have
problems eating and drinking
• Healthy feathers – unless you’re buying an older chicken during molt, chickens and
chicks shouldn’t be missing feathers
• Straight legs, feet and toes – an unhealthy chick may have difficulty walking or have
poor posture with its neck retracted into its body
• If a bird is acting dull, withdrawn or hunched over, it could indicate a serious
You don’t always have to buy your birds from a store, sometimes you can purchase
them directly from a breeder, or a friend, or someone looking to re-home their hen. These
tips apply to both chicks and full-grown chickens and the key is to make sure you
purchase your birds from a reputable source to avoid serious health problems with your
flock. If you’re going to buy from a breeder, here is a list of the best breeds for beginners.
Site Selection for Free Range Chicken Farming in the Philippines
The very first and most important thing to keep in mind is that whether or not you
choose a good site for your free range chicken farming venture in the Philippines will
have a large impact on the chance of its success.
Many of the requirements are in line with what we have written about in our Native
Chicken Farming in the Philippines guide.
6. Page 6 of 13
For example, the farming site should be flat and should not be in a tough terrain.
Also, the site should be shaded with trees as this serves as a windbreaker and also helps
protect the poultry from predators.
Separately, the site should be grassy to allow for enough pasture for free range chicken
forage. There should be easy access to clean water and electricity as you will need them
when maintaining your free range chicken farm in the Philippines.
Finally, the site should be far from roads and train tracks with high traffic to protect
the birds from theft and possible spread of diseases.
Ensuring the Chickens Have a Ranging Area
Under a free range model of farming in the Philippines (and around the world), the
birds need a ranging area around the house where they can be exposed to sunlight and
also forage for their own food in the pasture.
As a rule of thumb, allow for at least one square foot per bird. That said, the larger
area you have for the chickens, the better. To protect the birds, the pasture range should
be properly fenced off with barbed wire, chicken wire, and a net. Other types of fencing
materials such as wooden boards or iron sheets can be used as well.
Besides fencing the area off, make sure that there is proper water distribution
throughout the ranging area and pasture area.
Also, if possible, ensure that the pasture area is situated among trees. And, that it is
free of chemical agents and chemical fertilizers so as to provide the chickens with a
healthier pasture where they can source clean food.
There are many reasons why poultry should have a well-constructed house
- to protect them from floods, rain and the sun
- to protect them from predators - dogs, cats, snakes, birds of prey, rats and
- from mice, rats and other birds from eating their feed and transmitting disease
- to give hens a safe place to lay their eggs, you must protect your chickens.
What are the basic requirements for a poultry house?
It must be:
- rain proof
- protect the birds from direct sunlight and keepthem cool
- must have good drainage around the house
- easy to clean
- have a strong door with a secure lock
-Chickens must be protected from the weather.
Housing will likely be your biggest investment and to
cut costs local material can be used. Positioning of the
house is important to conform with some of the basic
requirements (mentioned above). High ground will
stop flooding in rain storms
Sketches of a simple poultry house for keeping about
250 broiler chickens or 120 laying
Pullet- a young hen, especially one less than one year
8. Page 8 of 13
What I know?
Activity 1. Do I know this?(10mpoints)
Direction: Write TRUE if the statement is correct if not underline the word/words
that make the statement incorrect and write the word/words that will make it correct.
__________ 1. Organic Agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of
soils, ecosystems, and people.
__________ 2. Organic foods are grown and processed differently than conventional
__________ 3. Organic poultry meat comes from chickens without access to an
abundance of fresh air, daylight, and outdoor space.
__________ 4. Dayang is arguably the most popular native chicken breed for backyard
raisers in the Philippines.
__________ 5. Daraga is an indigenous chicken found in the Quezon and Batangas
provinces, the northern part of the Philippines
__________ 6. The Bolinao chickens are predominantly found in the province of
Pangasinan hence it is named after the Bolinao town.
__________ 7. Camarines chicken breed originated from Bicol, particularly in the
__________ 8. The Paraokan (or Parawakan) chicken originally comes from Malaysia
and was introduced to the Philippines in the 14th century by Arab missionaries
and Muslim traders.
__________ 9. Arbor Acres broilers are supplied by San Miguel, and they are one of
the most popular broiler breeds in the country.
_________ 10. The Hubbard broilers are supplied by Tyson Agro Ventures, and are
especially popular in the free range chicken meat production business
Activity 2. Native chicken breeds and their characteristics (10 points).
Direction: Fill in the table of information and characteristics of native chicken
breeds in your own words. Refer to the rubrics on page 13.
CHICKEN NAME AND CHARACTERISTICS
9. Page 9 of 13
What I can do?
Activity 3. Choosing a chicken breed to raise is a critical decision. (10 points)
Direction: Give and explain why it is critical to raise the correct breed of chicken
for successful breeding. For grading, see the rubric on page 13.
10. Page 10 of 13
Other enrichment activity
Activity 4. How to select healthy and attractive chicks? (10 points)
Direction: What are the characteristics that a chick is healthy or attractive
while choosing chicks for the chicken coop? For grading, see the rubric on page
Activity 5: My gardening activities this week. (10 points)
DIRECTION: Describe what you did/will do in your vegetable garden this week,
since you continue to maintain or care for it. Refer to the rubrics on page 13.
What I have learned?
Activity 6: My Tagalog explanation. (10 puntos)
DIRECTION: Answer the questions in Tagalog and according to your
comprehension. Give a thorough explanation of your response. Refer to the rubrics
on page 13.
1. Saan ang tamang lugar para mag-alaga ng Free Range chicken?
11. Page 11 of 13
2. Ano ang mga basic requirements sa pagtatayo ng Poultry house?
3. Kung akoy mag-aalaga ng organic chicken anong breed ang pinakanababagay
sa akin? Bakit?
4. Anong poultry production ang gusto kong pagnegosyohan, broiler, egg
production, free range o organic chicken? Bakit? Ipaliwanag ang iyong sagot.
5. Sa panahon ngayon ay pinipili ng mga mamimili ang organic product. Sa
palagay mo ay bakit?
Activity 7: My poultry house lay-out (10 points)
Direction: If you're going to keep hens, sketch out a plan for your poultry coop.
Refer to the rubrics on page 13.
POULTRY HOUSE LAY OUT
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Activity 8: Post Test. (10 puntos)
Direction: Matching type. Match the description in Column A to the terminology
in Column B. Write the letter of the correct answer on the space provided.
_____1. It is a production system that sustains the health of
soils, ecosystems, and people.
_____2. These chickens are fed only with organic feed that is
adapted to this slow-growing breed.
_____3. It is the most popular native chicken breed for
backyard raisers in the Philippines.
_____4. It refers to one of the most common and “classic”
layer breeds in the Philippines as well as the rest of the
world. Originally, they were bred in Germany by Lohmann
_____5. They are native chicken breed predominantly found
in the province of Pangasinan hence it is named after the
_____6. They are native chicken breed indigenous in the
Quezon and Batangas provinces.
_____7. These broilers were originally developed by Hubbard, a French
company, that is now part of Aviagen.
_____8. It refers to the area where you will position or place your chicken
_____9. It refers to the shelter structure that will protect your chickens from
predators, thieves, heat, cold, etc.
_____10. It refers to the area where your free-range chicken can roam freely
Learners write on the space provided their insights about the lesson.
Today, I understand that-
Today, I realized that-
B. Organic Chicken
F. Site selection
G. Poultry house
H. Ranging area
I. Lohmann Layers
13. Page 13 of 13
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ANGELITO B. PANGANIBAN MA VERLA AFRICA ALVARAN
Teacher II Principal II