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Stephen hawking

  2. • Theory- teooria • Observation- vaatlus • Fellow- liige • Faculty- teaduskond • Paralysis- halvatus • Pneumonia- kopsupõletik • angular momentum- pöördemoment • Enrolle- registreerima
  3. • Born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford, England. • Dad Frank and mom Isobel. • 2 younger sisters and an adopted brother. • House was in north London, but during the second world war they moved to oxford. • In 1950 , they moved to St.Albans, St.Albans High School for Girls, then St.Albans School and then University College, Oxford. • After receiving his B.A degree at Oxford on 1962, he stayed to study astronomy.
  4. • Almost as soon as he arrived at Camridge, he started developing symptoms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. • Supervisor was Dennis Sciama. • After gaining his Ph.D. he became first a Research Fellow and later on a Professorial Fellow at Gonville and Caius College. • the Royal Society 1974, the Order of the British Empire 1982, Companion of Honour 1989 • Hawking is a member of of the Board of Sponsors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. • In 1974, the Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Scholar • Hawking's achievements were made despite the increasing paralysis caused by the ALS.
  5. • Hawking's principal fields of research are theoretical cosmology and quantum gravity. • In the late 1960s, new, complex mathematical model created from Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity. • This led, in 1970, to Hawking proving the first of many singularity theorems. • He supplied a mathematical proof of John Wheeler's no-hair theorem , that any black hole is fully described by the three properties of mass, angular momentum, and electric charge. • Along with Thomas Hertog at CERN, in 2006 Hawking proposed a theory of "top-down cosmology„
  6. • Hawking's many other scientific investigations have included the study of quantum cosmology, cosmic inflation, helium production in anisotropic Big Bang universes, large N cosmology, the density matrix of the universe, topology and structure of the universe, baby universes, Yang-Mills instantons and the S matrix, anti de Sitter space, quantum entanglement and entropy, the nature of space and time, including the arrow of time, spacetime foam, string theory, supergravity, Euclidean quantum gravity, the gravitational Hamiltonian, Brans-Dicke and Hoyle-Narlikar theories of gravitation, gravitational radiation, and wormholes.
  7. • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), sometimes known as Lou Gehrig's disease. • Symptoms of the disorder first appeared while he was enrolled at University of Cambridge • The diagnosis of motor neurone disease came when Hawking was 21
  8. • 19 December 2007, statue of Hawking • Books: „ A Brief History of Time“(1988), „ The Universe in a Nutshell“(2001), „ Black Holes and Baby Universes“(1993), „ A Brief History of Time“(2005), „ George’s Secret Key to the Universe“ • Medals and honours: 1975 Eddington Medal, 1976 Hughes Medal of the Royal Society, 1979 Albert Einstein Medal, 1981 Franklin Medal, 1982 Order of the British Empire (Commander), 1985 Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 1986 Member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, 1988 Wolf Prize in Physics, 1989 Prince of Asturias Awards in Concord and other
  9. • Jane Hawking, cared for him until 1991, when they separated • Three children: Robert, Lucy, Timothy • Then married his nurse, Elaine Mason, in 1995 • In October 2006, filed for divorce • 2004, interview, was asked about his IQ