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Smart grid final presentation

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Smart grid final presentation

  1. 1. WHAT IS A SMART GRID ??  A smart grid is an electrical grid which includes a variety of operational and energy measures including smart meters, smart appliances, renewable energy resources, and energy efficiency resources.  Electronic power conditioning and control of the production and distribution of electricity are important aspects of the smart grid.
  2. 2. WHAT IS A SMART GRID ?? (CONTD..)  Adding sensing, embedded processing and digital communication makes the grid: a) Observable b) Controllable c) Automated d) Fully Integrated e) More efficent
  3. 3. NEED FOR A SMART GRID  Electromechanical electrical grid are inefficient network highly prone to power failure. It has become a stressed grid structure.  Energy demand is increasing at the faster rate than energy supply because of the increase in population.  With the increase in energy costs, customer expectation are also increasing.  Greenhouse gas emission is increasing due to the increase in energy consumption.. Clearly, a new method is required……..
  4. 4. WHAT WOULD A SMART GRID BE ABLE TO DO THAT TODAY’S NOT-SO-SMART GRID CAN’T ?  Right now, if there’s a breakdown at your local substation, the utility usually finds out when customer call to complain. Placing a networked sensor inside a transformer or along wires could locate and report a problem, or prevent it from happening in their first place.  Despite living in the age of information, most of us only get a glimpse of our energy consumption when the utility bills come once a month. In people home the smart grid should mean more detailed information through home energy – monitoring tools.
  5. 5. COMPONENTS OF A SMART GRID… The smart grid has two main components:  The connectivity network  Core network  Distribution network  Acess network  Sensing and measurement Core network: The core network handles connectivity between substations and utilities. Technology used for core network implementation include…  Wireless technologies  Fiber
  6. 6. •DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS: The distribution networks handles broadband connectivity for transmitting data collected by Smart Power Grid concentrators and distribution automation devices (e.g. monitors, sensors), which are located on the grid, to their related databases and analytic servers, which are located at headquarters.  Sensing and Measurement: It’s easy to cut your electricity bills if you know…  Exactly how much electricity you are using.  How much it is costing you in rupee per hour.  How much harmful carbon-di-oxide your household contribute to the environment
  7. 7. SMART METER Smart meter are to mutual benefit for utility and consumer. The smart meter makes a greener difference.  Comunication  Smart disconnect/reconnect  Voltage quality  Energy awareness  Tariffing ( reduces power demand during peak hours)

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