3. Flowering and Fruiting
•An annual, climbing herb.
•Stem 5- angled, scabrous along ribs.
•Leaves subcircular, 15-20 x 15-20 cm, often 5-7 lobed.
• Plants monoecious. Male flowers: 17-20 flowered in
racemes, corolla pale yellow. Female flowers: ovary
elongate, pale yellow.
•Fruits clavate-oblong, acutely 10-angled, apex obtuse
or slightly acute.
•Seeds ovate, black.
•Main pollinators: Apis cerena and
4. • The Ridge gourd in green stage and leaves with stem are
used as vegetable. It is very famous vegetable in south
and east India.
Health Benefits :- Excellent blood purifier, Possessing
laxative properties, Beneficial for diabetes, Ridge gourd is
extremely rich in dietary fibre, Aiding in weight loss, Anti-
inflammatory and antibiotic.
• Prescribed for those who are suffering from malaria and
other seasonal fevers.
• The leaves are used as poultice in leprosy and in splenitis.
Ripe seeds are bitter and have emetic and purgative
5. Commercial Varieties of Ridge gourd cultivated in India.
Satputia is a cultivar in Bihar which is hermaphrodite
and produces pale green small fruits in clusters. In
each cluster 5-7 fruits are produced. Yield is 20-25t/ha.
Variety Special features
IIHR, Bangalore. Arka Sumeet
Fruits lush green, cylindrical, 55 cm long
2.5 cm girth and 380 g weight with prominent
ridges, delicate aroma. Days
to first harvest 50-55.
Fruits lush green, cylindrical, medium long (35-45
cm) and average weight
(350g). Yield 63 t/ha in 100 days.
IARI, New Delhi. Pusa Nasdar
Fruits club shaped, light green in colour,
15-20 fruits / plant, yield 15-16 t/ha.
Fruits 5 cm long and club shaped, yield
10 t/ha. More suitable for rainy season.
Tamil Nadu Agricultural
Fruits long (60-75 cm), first harvest in 55 days, 10-
12 fruits / plant weighing 3-4
fruits / kg.
PKM-1 Fruits dark green, average weight 300g,
7. yield 28-30 t/ha in 160 days.
IARI Pusa Nutan
Fruits are long (25-30 cm), straight and green
weighing 105 g, mature at 50 days,yield 16 t/ha.
Dual season cultivation
Tolerant to powdery mildew. Fruits elongated,
medium sized, highly ridged, green with soft flesh.
Days to first harvest 65-70 days. Yield 18-20 t/ha
Fruits elongated, medium sized (200g), ridges with
soft weak flesh. Days to first harvest 65-70. Fruits
lush green, cylindrical, 55 cm long 2.5 cm girth
380 g weight with prominent, ridges, delicate
aroma. Days to first harvest 50-
Fruits long, 3-5 cm thick and slightly
curved, yield 10 t/ha.
KKV, Dapoli Konkan Harita
Fruits dark green, 30-45 cm long,
tapering at ends, 10-12 fruits / plant.
8. • Ridge gourd thrives very well in a warm and hot
climate, the ideal temperature for Ridge gourd
cultivation is 25° to 35°C.
Climate required for Ridge gourd farming :-
•Soil and its Preparation
•Can be grown in wide variety of soils.
•But grows best in sandy loamy soils.
•The soil or main field should be prepared thoroughly by
4 to 5ploughings
•Soil pH range from 6.5 to 7.5 is ideal.
•Requires good drainage.
• Better yield and quality can be expected by applying
organic matter or Farm Yield Manure (FMY).
9. Seed treatment: Before sowing, seeds should be treated with
Pseudomonas fluorescens 10 g or Trichoderma viride 4 g/ kg of
Seed Sowing: The Ridge gourd seed is sowing time depends on the
type of crop.
Usually Ridge gourd planting done during January and July.
Seed rate : 5 kg to 6 kg /ha.
Methods of Sowing and Spacing:
•Seeds are sown by dibbling method at 1.5 m to 2.0 m X 1.0 m to
1.5 m. Sow 3 seeds in each pit. After germination, thin to 2 healthy
•The seeds also can be sown in poly bags.
• 2 seeds per bag is ideal and 2 weeks after
germination, they can be planted a
2 seedlings per pit in the main field.
10. • During the early stage of plant growth, shallow
cultivation is preferred.
• The plants should be provided a suitable support made
of bamboo sticks for better creeping.
Intercultural Operation in Ridge gourd farming:-
•20t/ha well decomposed Farm Yard Manure should be
applied at the time of soil or field preparation.
•Apply a fertilizer dose of 100:60:60 kg NPK / ha through-
out the Ridge gourd cropping period through split
Manure and Fertilizers in Ridge gourd farming:-
11. • Water the basin before dibbling the seeds and afterwards,
once in a week.
• Drip watering is most beneficial in the Ridge gourd
• The summer plantation requires frequent watering at an
interval of 3 to 4 days.
• Normally rainy season crop does not require any irrigation.
• Total water requirement 60 ha-cm.
Irrigation/Water supply in Ridge gourd farming:-
12. Main pests: Beetles, fruit flies and caterpillars.
How to control : Spray Trichlorofon 50% EC 1.0 ml/l or
Dichlorvos 76% EC 6.5 ml/10 l. lindane 1.3% dust, copper
and sulphur dust as these are phytotoxic.
Main Diseases : Powder mildew & Downy mildew.
Control: spray Mancozeb or Chlorothalonil 2 grams /l twice
at 10 days interval.
Powdery mildew –
Control: spray Dinocap 1 ml/lit. or Carbendazim 0.5 grams/l.
Pests and Diseases in Ridge gourd farming:-
13. •The Ridge gourd become ready for harvest from 60
days of sowing depending on the variety.
•Fruits attain marketable maturity 5-7 days after
•Cut the full grown tender ridge gourd with knife and
this can be done weekly.
•To avoid over-maturity, picking is done at 3-4 days
•Delayed harvesting results in fibrous fruit.
•Harvested fruits are packed in baskets to avoid injury
and can be kept for 3-4 days in a cool atmosphere.
•Yield : Depending upon the soil and management , the
average yield of 70 to 90 q/ ha can be expected.
Harvesting and Yield of Ridge gourd:-