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Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle

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Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle

  1. 1. Solid Waste Statistics & Facts in Canada  Almost 25 million tonnes of non-hazardous waste were disposed in Canada in 2010 (Ontario disposed the most)  On a per capita basis, a total of 729 kg of waste was disposed per person in 2010 (Alberta was the highest)  Slightly more than one third of waste for disposal came from residential sources  The total amount of materials diverted for recycling or composting was 8.1 million tonnes, or 236 kg per person in 2010  There is concern that Canada’s landfills are reaching capacity and it is becoming increasingly difficult to find sites for new ones Source: Statistics Canada / www.ec.gc.ca
  2. 2. The importance of the 3Rs: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle The most effective way to reduce the garbage is reducing the amount of solid waste produced By reducing waste at the source, you save the resources like water and energy Like reducing, reusing avoids creating waste rather than trying to recycle it once it's already there Operating a well-run recycling program costs less than waste collection and landfilling
  3. 3. Importance of 3Rs… Recycling helps families save money, because they pay for less disposal costs Generally, recycling produces less air and water pollution than manufacturing with new materials By recycling you send less materials to landfills, which will keep them for future Proper disposal and recycling will prevent water and soil contamination and its potential adverse impacts on public health
  4. 4. Recycling Council of British Columbia http://rcbc.bc.ca/
  5. 5. Did you know that…  It takes 24 trees to make 1 ton of newspaper  1 recycled glass bottle would save enough energy to power a computer for 25 minutes Recycling creates four jobs for every one job created in the disposal industries Recycling one aluminum can saves enough energy to run a TV for three hours The amount of wood and paper, we throw away each year is enough to heat 50,000,000 homes for 20 years Source: http://www.recycling-guide.org.uk
  6. 6. Barriers to recycling by recycling participation, 2007 Source(s): Statistics Canada, Households and the Environment Survey, 2007
  7. 7. Material prepared for recycling, by weight, 2008 (Waste management industry) Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM table 153-0043
  8. 8. What Happens to the Recycled Materials? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u_rnAVvX-Zg
  9. 9. Municipal programs for Waste management in Toronto  In 2008, charges for size of bins  Curbside collection: blue bin for recyclables, green bin for organics and gray for garbage  Separate curbside collection of electronics now available  The Green bin program collects food waste, wet-paper, diapers and pet waste  Green bin program for multi-unit buildings now underway- 8% now have a collection  In 2012, 52% of residential waste was diverted (66% of single-family homes, 24% in multi-unit)  The goal is 70% diversion
  10. 10. York region’s special waste Management Programs Residents of York region should not put plastic bags, wrap and film in the blue box Plastic Bag Take-Back Program: you can drop off plastic bags at retail stores across the York region so they can be sent for recycling They also should not put shredded paper in the blue box due to their difficulty to be managed York region residents can use an online Bindicator to find the best options for where it should go by entering the item or select a category in the www.York.ca
  11. 11. Some Tips Guide to Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle Reducing tips: While shopping, reduce your waste by avoiding pointless purchases Look for products with less packaging or buy them in bulk Rent, share or borrow items that are not used frequently like tools, party decorations For shopping, use your own cloth bags Switch to e-bills to save paper whenever possible
  12. 12. Some Tips Guide to Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle Reusing tips: Purchase more durable products that can be repaired and reused Donate reusable items to schools, churches, or other charity organizations Buy products that can be reused like rechargeable batteries, refillable bottles instead of cans Before you throw any item away, think how you can reuse them like scrap papers or your old clothes Consider buying used items from reuse centres
  13. 13. Some Tips Guide to Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle Recycling tips: You can recycle your leftover foods, yard leaves by composting in your garden Use recycling services which are provided by your municipality or take-back programs Buy products that are recyclable or made from recycled materials by checking their labels Hazardous wastes are difficult to recycle so try to find non-toxic alternatives and products Try your best to put waste in its right place and ask for help if you are not sure!
  14. 14. Planning for tomorrow: Toronto's long term waste resource management strategy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=glW01V3ugfk
  15. 15. References  City of Toronto: Garbage & Recycling. http://www1.toronto.ca/wps/portal/contentonly? vgnextoid=03ec433112b02410VgnVCM10000071d60f89RCRD  Statistics Canada: Recycling by Canadian households, 2010. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/16-001-m/2010013/aftertoc- aprestdm1-eng.htm  Environment Canada: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. https://www.ec.gc.ca/gdd-mw/default.asp?lang=en&n=D3A22BDD-1  Recycling Guide: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. http://www.recycling- guide.org.uk/rrr.html  A Recycling Revolution: Recycling benefits. http://www.recycling- revolution.com/index.html  York Region: Garbage and Recycling. http://www.york.ca

Notes de l'éditeur

  • - Why we need information and statistics in waste management industry?
    Canadians need reliable environmental statistics in order to make informed decisions regarding their own patterns of consumption. As well, waste statistics can be used by researchers and policy makers to analyze industry trends and implement appropriate policy mechanisms.
    - Hazardous waste:
    Includes materials or substances that given their corrosive, inflammable, infectious, reactive and toxic
    characteristics, may present a real or potential harm to human health or the environment. Due to their hazardous
    Nature they require special handling, storing, transportation, treatment and disposal.
    Most common way to dispose of waste in Canada is sending them to Landfills
    Other ways of disposing: Incinerating, Recycling, Composting, Exporting, and changing to energy
  • Often opportunities to reduce waste are greatest at the point-of-purchase. Packaging makes up about half of our garbage by volume and one third by weight
    By eliminating waste at its source, that waste does not end up in landfill and no extra energy is required to reuse or recycle it
    Reducing the amount of waste you produce does not mean having to live with less. It just takes some planning.
    Reuse means Borrow, Repair, and Reuse
    Reuse saves money, resources, energy and landfill space.
    Manufacturing with recycled materials, with very few exceptions, saves energy and water and produces less air and water pollution than manufacturing with virgin materials.
    Recycling creates four jobs for every one job created in the waste management and disposal industries.
  • Given the Council approved rebate changes and fee increases for Garbage Bins effective April 1, 2015, it's time to think about how you can recycle more and upsize your Blue Bin. Then, you can downsize your Garbage Bin and your fee
    Small: $10.63, Medium: $88.73, Large: $247.39, Extra-large: $343.60
    Also, methane gas that is not captured at landfills adds to the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere (cause of climate change).
  • If Recycled:
    - It would take 60 days to make a new can from an aluminium can and replace it to the grocer’s shelf
    For a glass container: 8-12 weeks
    Paper is hydro-pulped into new paper products
    Recycled plastic is made into fiber to make new bottles and other products
  • So by recycling 1 ton of paper we will be able to save 24 trees
    Plastic bags and other plastic garbage thrown into the ocean kill as many as 1,000,000 sea creatures every year!
    On average, it costs $30 per ton to recycle trash, $50 to send it to the landfill, and $65 to $75 to incinerate it.
    Out of every $10 spent buying things, $1 (10%) goes for packaging that is thrown away. Packaging represents about 65% of household trash.
  • In 2007 Just 52% of Canadian households recycled all materials they were able to recycle
    Unspecified reasons: they did not recycle due to some problem with the recycling options that were available to them: for example, that there was no curbside pickup available, that the drop-off depot was too far, or that the facility or program in their area was inadequate. Another common explanation was that that they did not produce enough waste to make recycling worthwhile.
  • Plastic accounts for a much smaller proportion of diversion overall (it composes 9% of our solid waste)
  • Other programs: leaf/yard waste and Christmas trees, backyard composting, Community Environment Days, household hazardous waste depots, grass cycling, large appliance/scrap metal pick up and electronics pick-up.
    Some programs to increase multi-unit diversion : providing assistance to property managers in developing waste reduction plans and presentations to residents on how to recycle and participate in the green bin program
    Additionally city staff are developing a Long Term Waste Management Strategy for Toronto to provide a framework for solid waste management policy decisions over the next 30 to 50 years.
    The City is committed to continuing to improve our waste diversion efforts, reducing our dependence on landfill and moving closer to the goal of 70% waste diversion, in addition to preserving the long term capacity of our Green Lane Landfill
  • Plastic bags, wrap and film get caught in our equipment, resulting in the equipment shutting down and the possible risk of fire. Plastic wrap is also a source of contamination in the final sorted products.
    It is easy to recycle plastic bags:
    Turn your plastic shopping bags inside out
    Stuff your plastic shopping bags into one bag
    Drop them off at a Take-Back bin at a participating store
    Shredded paper can be placed in your backyard composter in small amounts in your green bin, or it can be dropped off in clear plastic bags at the Elgin Mills Community Environmental Centre or the McCleary Court Community Environmental Centre.
  • The easiest and most efficient way to manage waste is not to create it in the first place.
    Buy only what you need
    Packaging makes up about half of our garbage by volume and one third by weight
    Items that rarely get used can be borrowed or shared with others.
    Reduce paper waste by cancelling unwanted mail You can unsubscribe to many national mailing lists by contacting the Direct Marketing Association
  • The cost may be higher initially, but in the long run you can save money. Get the longest warranty with the best repair service possible
    There are a lot of non-profit agencies that participate in the reuse business and You can support these organizations in two ways: donate reusable items and shop at their retail operations.
    Keep in mind that Your trash could be someone else's treasure.
    There are places in Toronto where you can become a member and as a member you can borrow appliances, tools, etc.
  • Recycle just when you can't reduce or reuse. Because recycling still needs energy and water
    Compost your food and yard waste. Up to ½ of your household waste is compostable. It's a simple way to reduce waste and produce a nutrient-rich conditioner for your lawn, garden and houseplants
    Take all of your Household Hazardous Waste (HHW) to a depot. Try to purchase cleaners that are less harmful to the environment or make your own.
    Canada's Environmental Choice™ Program official Eco-Logo symbol which means:
    made or offered in a way that improves energy efficiency,
    reduces hazardous by-products,
    uses recycled materials or
    the product itself can be reused.