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Basic Assumptions & Principles
of
Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Asit kumar Maurya
P. G. Diploma in Counseling, Guidance
&
Psy...
Outline of Presentation
 Basic of CBT
 Definition of CBT
 Basic Principles and Approaches
 Some Behavioral Interventio...
Basic of CBT
• Set of ‘talk’ psychotherapies that treat psychiatric
conditions.
• Used cognitive and behavioral approaches...
Definition of CBT
• Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an action-oriented
form of psychotherapy that assumes that
maladaptive...
Rationale for CBT
• Negative emotions are elicited by cognitive
processes developed through influences of
learning.
• Adve...
Basic Principles and Approaches
• People contribute to their own psychological problem
as well as behavioral symptoms.
• I...
Basic Principles and…..cont…
• Change mood states by using cognitive and
behavioral strategies:
 Identifying/modifying au...
Basic Principles and…..cont…
• Cognitive principles - Basic assumption of cognitive
theories is that maladaptive behavior ...
Some Behavioral Interventions and
Cognitive Interventions
• Breathing retraining
• Relaxation
• Behavioral activation
• In...
Applications of CBT
Mood Disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Emotional Disorders
Eating Disorders
Marital Problems
Behaviora...
Conclusions
• Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a form of
psychotherapy that assumes that maladaptive,
or faulty, thinking p...
Basic Assumptions & Principles of Cognitive Behavior Therapy
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Basic Assumptions & Principles of Cognitive Behavior Therapy

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In this slide you can find the basics of CBT and its assumption only...hopefully it may use full for all..

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Basic Assumptions & Principles of Cognitive Behavior Therapy

  1. 1. Basic Assumptions & Principles of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Asit kumar Maurya P. G. Diploma in Counseling, Guidance & Psychological Intervention
  2. 2. Outline of Presentation  Basic of CBT  Definition of CBT  Basic Principles and Approaches  Some Behavioral Interventions and Cognitive Interventions  Applications of CBT  Conclusions
  3. 3. Basic of CBT • Set of ‘talk’ psychotherapies that treat psychiatric conditions. • Used cognitive and behavioral approaches. • CBT basically based on cognition because cognition process leads to behavior, and cognitive dysfunction leads to behavioral dysfunctions. • Use as individual and in group. • As effective as psychiatric medications. • Brief and time limited. • use for developed Self help skills.
  4. 4. Definition of CBT • Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an action-oriented form of psychotherapy that assumes that maladaptive, or faulty, thinking patterns cause maladaptive behavior and "negative" emotions. • Modifying dysfunctional thinking and behavior leads to improvement in symptoms. • Cognitive therapy is defined by a cognitive formulation of the disorder and a cognitive conceptualization of the particular patient.
  5. 5. Rationale for CBT • Negative emotions are elicited by cognitive processes developed through influences of learning. • Adverse life events elicit automatic processing, which is viewed as the causal factor. • Cognitive triad: Negative automatic thoughts center around our understanding of: Ourselves Others (the world) Future
  6. 6. Basic Principles and Approaches • People contribute to their own psychological problem as well as behavioral symptoms. • Individuals react to and interpret event in terms of their perceived significance: beliefs, expectation and attitudes effect behavior. • Cognitive deficiencies can cause emotional disorders. • Faulty thinking is the cause of emotional and behavioral problems.
  7. 7. Basic Principles and…..cont… • Change mood states by using cognitive and behavioral strategies:  Identifying/modifying automatic thoughts & core beliefs,  Regulating routine, and  Minimizing avoidance. • Promote rapid symptom change. • Behavioral principles - Basic assumption of behavioral theories is that maladaptive behaviors are learned and can be unlearned, and that new, more adaptive behaviors can be learned.
  8. 8. Basic Principles and…..cont… • Cognitive principles - Basic assumption of cognitive theories is that maladaptive behavior result from irrational or distorted way of thinking – emphasis is on internal thought processes. • Emphasis on “Here and now” principles – it is usually more fruitful to focus on current processes rather than the past. • The interacting-systems principle: it is helpful to look at problems as interactions between thoughts, emotions, behavior and physiology and the environment in which the person operates. • The empirical principle: it is important to evaluate both our theories and our therapy empirically.
  9. 9. Some Behavioral Interventions and Cognitive Interventions • Breathing retraining • Relaxation • Behavioral activation • Interpersonal effectiveness training • Problem-solving skills • Social skills training • Graded task assignment • Monitor automatic thoughts • Teach imagery techniques • Promote cognitive restructuring • Examine alternative evidence • Modify core beliefs
  10. 10. Applications of CBT Mood Disorders Anxiety Disorders Emotional Disorders Eating Disorders Marital Problems Behavioral Medicine o Headaches o Insomnia o Chronic Pain o Smoking Cessation o Hypochondriasis
  11. 11. Conclusions • Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a form of psychotherapy that assumes that maladaptive, or faulty, thinking patterns cause maladaptive behavior and "negative" emotions. • Irrational or distorted way of thinking thinking is the cause of emotional and behavioral problems.

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