A trade union is an organisation made up of members
and its membership must be made of mainly of
A trade union is an association of workers forming a
legal unit or legal personhood, usually called a
bargaining which acts as s bargaining agent and legal
representative for a unit of employees in all matters
Today union are formed for the purpose of securing
improvement in pay benefits, working condition,s or
social and political purpose.
3. THEORIES OF TRADE UNIONISM:
1. Revalutionary Theory.
The revolutionary approach of trade union is developed by Karl
Marx. This theory is also known as the theory of class war and
dialectical materialism. According to MarkxTrade union was the
foremost organisation centre to provide locus for streamlining the
forces of working classes.
2. Evaluationary Theory
This theory also known as “Industrial democracy” was introduced to
buy Sydney and Beatrice Webbs. Trade union is not an instrument to
overthrow the capitalism But a means of equalising the bargaining
power of labour and capital.
4. 3. Theory of Industrial Jurisprudence
According to S.H slitcher the propounded of the theory of industrial
Jurisprudence, workers individually fail in bargaining with employers
for protecting their interest. In his view trade unionism means for
workers to protect them in work.
4. Rebellion Theory
To Frank Tannenbaum the propounded of “Rebellion theory” trade
unionism is a spontaneous outcome in the growth of he believes that
the use of machines leads to exploitation of workers. Thus, machine
HD cost and labour movement that is trade unionism is the result.
5. The Gandhian Approch
The Gandhian approach of trade unionism is based on class
collaboration rather than class conflict and struggle. The idea to take
workers do share from capitalist by reform and a self consciousness
among workers lead to the emburgence of trade unionism.
5. AIM & OBJECTIVES OF TRADE UNIONS
1. To improve the economic lot of workers by securing better
2. To secure for workers better working conditions.
3. To secure bonus for the workers from the profits of the
4. To protect the jobs of labour against retrenchment and layoff etc.
5. To secure for the workers better safety and a health welfare
6. To secure workers participation in management.
7. To ensure opportunities for promotion and training.
8. To include discipline among workers.
6. PROBLEMS FACED BY TRADE UNIONS IN INDIA
1. Small size
According to VV Giri the trade union moments in India is played by
predominance of small size unions.Nearly 3 4th of the unions have a
membership of less than 500 smallness in size of the union employees
among other things weakness in bargaining power.
2. Poor Finance
Small size of unions has its direct bearing on its finance health total
income and expenditure of 973 trade unions with the membership of
57.4 lakhs were rupees 3000 to 38 lakh, which is very low. This
results in trade unions cannot Undertaker welfare activities.
7. 3. Lack of enlightened labour force
The lack of an enlightened labour force cable of manning and
conducting the moment efficiently purposefully and effectively has
been a major problem in the development of trade union in the
country. Lack of education is the major cause of enlightened labour
4. Multiplicity of unions
Trade unions in India is also characterised by multiplicity of unions
based on craft creed and religion. This is well indicated by the socio
political reality is after the mentalisation of polity and sectarian
consciousness after the demolitation and dispute structure of Ayodhya
8. SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF TRADE UNIONS
1. To educate the rank and file workers so that the traditional roll be
gradually transform into one of understanding and cooperation.
2. To keep the dwell being and a progress of the society constantly
before then by way of refraining from one necessary strikes work
3. To protect the interest of the consumer which is usually last site
of an agreement reached between the parties.
4. To encourage a capital formation by supporting small saving
5. To help in holding the price line by keeping a watch on price.