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Status & Scope.pptx

  1. STATUS AND SCOPE OF LIVESTOCK SECTOR IN INDIA • An integral part of human life since the process of civilization started. • These activities have contributed not only to the food basket and draught animal power but also by maintaining ecological balance. • Socio-economic role in India. Traditional, cultural and religious beliefs have also contributed in the continuance of these activities. • The livestock industry is an important part of the global food system, contributing to poverty alleviation, food security, and agricultural growth. • Livestock play an important part in sustainable food systems—for example, manure is an important source of natural fertilizer. • Livestock utilized as draught animals can help enhance production in areas where automation is limited.
  2. Cont’d….. • Higher demand has resulted from increased incomes, changing diets, and population growth, making the livestock sector one of the fastest expanding agricultural sub-sectors in middle- and low-income countries. • Throughout the livestock supply chain, this creates a significant potential for smallholders, businesses, and job creators. • it provides important inputs to agriculture, contributes to household health and nutrition, supplements earnings, creates jobs, and, finally, serves as dependable “banks on hooves” in times of need.
  3. STATUS OF LIVESTOCK SECTOR • Livestock Sector has continuously been growing at Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 7.93% (at constant price) from 2014-15 to 2020-21, which is comparable to CAGR of manufacturing at 4.93%(at constant price) and Services at 4.82% (at constant price) and in contrast to Agriculture (Crop Sector) CAGR of 2.05% (at constant price). • Agriculture (crop sector) contributed 8.96 % (at constant prices) of total GVA, whereas livestock sector contributed 4.90% (at constant prices) of total GVA in 2020-21. • Agriculture diversification through animal husbandry is one of the primary drivers of growth in rural incomes and higher public investment in Livestock Sector is need of the hour for doubling farmers’ income. • The percentage of usually working persons engaged in Animal Production and Mixed Farming are 2.85 % and 1.58 % respectively during 2019-20.
  4. Cont’d…… • The Gross Value Added (GVA) of livestock sector is about Rs. 11,14,249 crore at current prices during FY 2020-21 which is about 30.87% of Agricultural and Allied Sector GVA and 6.17% of Total GVA. • Milk production during 2019-20 and 2020-21(Provisional) is 198.44 million tonnes and 209.96 million tonnes respectively showing an annual growth of 5.81%. • India is the largest producer of milk globally with 23.67 percent share in total milk production in the world. • In India, about 50 percent of milk is consumed on-farm. Dairy is the single largest agricultural commodity contributing 5 percent of the Indian national economy and employing more than 8 crore farmers directly. India accounts for about 7 percent of the global egg production, 2.42 percent of global meat production, 7.56 percent of global fish production and houses the largest population of milch animals in the world Exotic Cows (kg/day) Crossbred Cows (kg/ day) Indigenous Cows (kg/day) Non-Descript Cows (kg/ day) Indigenous Buffalo (kg/ day) Non-Descript Buffalo (kg/ day) Goat (kg/day) 9.15 7.22 3.34 2.71 6.41 4.13 0.47
  5. Livestock and Poultry Population
  6. Livestock Sector Statistics of India Position of India Livestock Sector/Entreprise First Total Livestock Population, Milk Production, Cattle Population, Buffalo Population, Cara beef Production, Goat Milk Production, Total Bovine Population Second Goat Population (148.88 million), Bristle Production (a pig industry by-product), Fish Production Third Sheep Production (74.26 million), Egg Production Fourth Chicken Production Fifth Poultry Meat Production, Poultry Production, Meat production Eigth Duck Production Ninth Camel Population, Wool Production The total livestock population in India was 535.78 million, which include 192.52 million cattle, 109.85 million buffaloes, 74.26 million sheep, 148.88 million goats, about 9.06 million pigs, 851.81 million poultry population and 0.85 million other livestock population India has a diverse range of animal breeds, including 43 indigenous cattle, 16 buffaloes, 34 goat, and 43 sheep breeds.
  7. Per capita consumption of various Livestock products S.No. Livestock Products Per capita Availability ICMR Recommendation 1. Milk 427 g/day 280 g/day 2. Meat 6.52 kg/year 11 kg/year 3. Egg 90 eggs/year 182 eggs/year 4. Wool - - Comparison with Previous Year Increase in milk production compared to previous year: 5.81% Increase in egg production compared to previous year: 6.70% Increase in meat production compared to previous year: 2.31% Decrease in poultry meat production compared to previous year: 2.98% Increase in wool production compared to previous year: 0.46% Type of animal Average yield Exotic cow/ Cross-bred cow 8.39 kg/day Indigenous cow/ Non-descript cow 3.20 kg/day Buffalo 5.65 kg/day Goat 0.47 kg/day Average Yield per In-Milk Animal in 2020-21
  8. Species Percentage of Total Milk Buffalo indigenous 32.13 per cent Buffalo non-descript 13.31 per cent Cow non-descript 11.19 per cent Cow indigenous 8.82 per cent Cow cross-bred 29.55 per cent Cow exotic 2.02 per cent Goat 2.98 per cent Species Wise Milk Contribution to Total Milk Production in India
  9. Role of Livestock in National Economy • Livestock plays an important role in the Indian economy. • The Livestock sector in India contributes 4.11% GDP and 25.6% of total Agriculture GDP. • About 20.5 million people depend upon livestock for their livelihood. • Livestock contributed 16% to the income of small farm households as against an average of 14% for all rural households. • Livestock provides livelihood to two-third of the rural communities. • It also provides employment to about 8.8 % of the population in India. India has vast livestock resources. (DAHD&F, 2019)
  10. • The farmers in India maintain mixed farming system i.e. a combination of crop and livestock where the output of one enterprise becomes the input of another enterprise thereby realize the resource efficiency • Livestock as a source of production inputs for agricultural development to be sustainable • Livestock as an energy source • Dung for fuel • Biogas production • Livestock as a source of fertilizer and soil conditioner • Livestock-recycled secondary products, household and industrial wastes • Utilization of marginal lands and crop residues by livestock
  11. Livestock as an energy source • Bovines, equines, camelids, and elephants are all utilized as draught animals for a range of tasks, including pulling agricultural implements, pumping irrigation water, and skidding in the woods. • Animal power is a renewable energy source in many developing nations. • A total of 400 million animals are currently employed for draught purposes. • Only draught animals and manual tools are used to farm 52% of the cultivated area in developing countries (excluding China). • The number of cattle and buffaloes utilized for draught as well as meat and milk production has increased by 23% in the last ten years.
  12. Dung for fuel • Cow dung is highly valued as a cooking and heating fuel, minimizing the need for wood or fossil fuels. • It is the primary source of fuel for millions of farmers’ homes. • Every year, 300 million tonnes of dung are utilized for fuel in India alone. • Women earn money by collecting and drying dung for cooking. • It can also be used as a direct ingredient in plaster and other building materials, and its ash can be utilized as fertilizer.
  13. For Biogas Production • For farmers in tropical climates, biogas production from manure is an ideal option for fossil fuel or fuel wood. • Eliminates the need for wood gathering and fuel purchases. • It is user-friendly due to its convenience and improved hygiene, and it also delivers a variety of services, including illumination, hot water, and heating. • Biogas can also be utilized to power equipment like water pumps. • Effluent from bio digesters can be recycled as fertilizer, fish feed, or utilized to grow azolla and duckweed, with even greater outcomes than the original manure. • Bio digestion has positive public-health aspects, particularly where toilets are coupled with the bio digester, and the anaerobic conditions kill pathogenic organisms as well as digest toxins, for example, botulinum.
  14. Livestock as a source of fertilizer and soil conditioner • Nutrient recycling is an important part of any long-term farming system. • Nutrient recycling is made possible by combining animals and crops. • Crop leftovers, such as cereal straws, maize and sorghum stovers, and groundnut haulms, are fed to animals. The manure produced can be used as fertilizer right away. • However, the chemical content of manure differs depending on the animal species (poultry manure appears to be a more efficient fertilizer than cow manure) and the animal’s diet. • Manure offers significant organic matter to the soil, which helps to maintain its structure, water retention, and drainage ability, in addition to providing direct plant nutrients. • Manure is so valuable that some farmers keep livestock just for the purpose of producing it.
  15. Utilization of marginal lands and crop residues by livestock • Pastoralist • Sheep as weed cleaner • A holistic approach to resource management is required. Crop residues, such as straw, are more efficiently utilized through ruminant feeding, including the production and use of manure and possibly biogas, rather than by burning them, creating pollution and contributing to global warming, or ploughing them back into the soil to improve its structure and water retention. Several hundred million head of cattle and buffaloes are fed throughout the year on rice and cereal straws.
  16. SCOPE FOR LIVESTOCK SECTOR • Sustained income and economic growth. • Changing lifestyle. • Improvement in transportation and storage practices and rise of supermarkets. • Increase in consumption of animal food products. • Between 1991-92 and 2008-09; India’s per capita income grew at an annual rate of • 4.8% and urban population at a rate of 25%. • By the end of 12th plan (2012-2017) demand, for milk is expected to increase to • 141million tons and for meat, egg fish together to 15.8%million tons. This can be achieved by:- • Improvement of negative/slow growth rate of various species • To improve the lower productivity of livestock species • To improve the farming pattern and differences between marginal, small, medium and large farmers wrt farming patterns • Improving awareness among livestock owners • Use of modern and innovative technologies for livestock production
  17. Some Full Forms • IVRI: Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Barrilley, Uttar Pradesh. • NDRI: National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana. • NDDB: National Dairy Development Board, Anand, Gujrat. • AMUL: Anand Milk Union Limited, Gujrat.
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