UNIVERSITE DE DSCHANG
UNIVERSITY OF DSCHANG
Lessons on Benefit Sharing Schemes in Cameroon: A
Case of Mount Cameroon Natio...
Plan of Presentation
1-INTRODUCTION
2-MATERIALS AND METHODS
3-RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4-CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVE
1.INTRODUCTION
1.1. BACKGROUND (1/3)
The notion of benefit sharing in natural
resources management was first formalized
in 1992 through ...
1.1. BACKGROUND (2/3)
o Benefit sharing under this arrangement is often
the outcome of national policies and legislation,
...
1.2. PROBLEM STATEMENT (1/2)
EFFECT
CAUSE
1.2. PROBLEM STATEMENT (2/2)
 Research Question
 What is the status of the benefit sharing schemes in Mount
Cameroon Nat...
1.3. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
 Main Objective
 Contribute to the sustainable management of natural resources via
analyzin...
1.4. RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
 Main Hypothesis
 Achieving effectiveness, efficiency and equity is the main
driver of communit...
2.MATERIALS AND METHODS
2.1. Location of study area(1/1)
2.2 DATA COLLECTION (1/2)
Specific Objectives Primary Data Collection Data Analysis
To identify benefit
sharing schemes
ex...
2.2 DATA COLLECTION (2/2)
Specific Objectives Primary Data Collection Data Analysis
To determine the roles
benefit sharing...
3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
3.1. BENEFIT SHARING SCHEME IN MCNP
Benefit Sharing Schemes
p=0.003
p=0.001
p=0.000
p=0.002
3.2. STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT IN BENEFIT
SHARING SCHEMES
 Stakeholders in Ecotourism Benefit sharing scheme in
the Mount...
3.3 ROLES BENEFIT SHARING SCHEMES PLAY IN
LIVELIHOODS (1/2)
3.3.1. ROLES PRUNUS AFRICANA SCHEME PLAY
17.24% of the respon...
3.3 ROLES BENEFIT SHARING SCHEMES PLAY IN LIVELIHOODS
(2/2)
3.3.2. ROLES CONSERVATION INCENTIVE SCHEME PLAY
83.33% of res...
SCHEMES
TABLE4. 3E PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS
BSM in
MCNP
EFFECTIVENESS EFFICIENCY EQUITY
Ecotourism
Benefit
Sharing
scheme
Ecot...
SCHEMES
TABLE 4. 3E PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS
BSM in
MCNP
EFFECTIVENESS EFFICIENCY EQUITY
Conservation
Incentive
sharing
Scheme...
4. CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVE4. CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVE
4.1. CONCLUSION
 Conservation Incentive benefits sharing scheme/ system is the main
benefit sharing scheme existing in th...
4.2. PERSPECTIVE
o Benefit Sharing Schemes in the MCNP
should be use as a baseline in future
REDD+ projects.
o Benefit Sha...
THANKS FOR YOUR
ATTENTION
Prochain SlideShare
Chargement dans…5
×

Bate ppt

311 vues

Publié le

  • Soyez le premier à commenter

Bate ppt

  1. 1. UNIVERSITE DE DSCHANG UNIVERSITY OF DSCHANG Lessons on Benefit Sharing Schemes in Cameroon: A Case of Mount Cameroon National Park, South West Region. PRESENTED BY AGBORTOKO BATE ASHU B.Sc.( Hons) in Environmental Science January 2015
  2. 2. Plan of Presentation 1-INTRODUCTION 2-MATERIALS AND METHODS 3-RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 4-CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVE
  3. 3. 1.INTRODUCTION
  4. 4. 1.1. BACKGROUND (1/3) The notion of benefit sharing in natural resources management was first formalized in 1992 through the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to address problems with the governance of socio ecological systems in developing‑ countries (Nkhata et al., 2012).
  5. 5. 1.1. BACKGROUND (2/3) o Benefit sharing under this arrangement is often the outcome of national policies and legislation, which establish minimum requirements for setting up benefits and transfers and do not require an agreement between local and external entities (Behr et al., 2012). o Hence if access to forests and changes in land use are limited, local populations will have to be compensated for the loss of income and resources (COP15, 2009) .
  6. 6. 1.2. PROBLEM STATEMENT (1/2) EFFECT CAUSE
  7. 7. 1.2. PROBLEM STATEMENT (2/2)  Research Question  What is the status of the benefit sharing schemes in Mount Cameroon National Park(MCNP), South West Region of Cameroon?  Secondary Questions  What are the benefits sharing schemes used in the Mount Cameroon National Park?  Who are the stakeholders involved and their level of implementation in Benefit Sharing Schemes in the Mount Cameroon National Park?  What is the contribution of the benefit sharing schemes in current livelihoods in the villages around Mount Cameroon National Park?  What is the level of implementation for benefit-sharing schemes in Mount Cameroon National Park, South West of Cameroon?
  8. 8. 1.3. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY  Main Objective  Contribute to the sustainable management of natural resources via analyzing the existing benefit-sharing schemes in Mount Cameroon National Park.  Specific Objectives  To identify benefit sharing schemes existing in Mount Cameroon National Park, South West Region of Cameroon.  To identify and evaluate stakeholders’ involve in various benefit sharing schemes in Mount Cameroon National Park, South West Region of Cameroon.  To determine the roles benefit sharing schemes play in current livelihoods in the villages around Mount Cameroon National Park.  To determine gaps related to the implementation of each benefit-sharing scheme in Mount Cameroon National Park, South West Region of Cameroon.
  9. 9. 1.4. RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS  Main Hypothesis  Achieving effectiveness, efficiency and equity is the main driver of community benefit sharing schemes gaps in Mount Cameroon National Park.  Secondary Hypothesis  Prunus africana benefits sharing scheme is the main benefit sharing scheme existing in the Mount Cameroon National Park.  The local population is the main stakeholder involved in benefit-sharing schemes in Mount Cameroon National Park.  Improving living standards is the main role benefit sharing schemes play in current livelihoods in the villages around Mount Cameroon National Park.  The local community is satisfied with the benefits received from Mount Cameroon National Park.
  10. 10. 2.MATERIALS AND METHODS
  11. 11. 2.1. Location of study area(1/1)
  12. 12. 2.2 DATA COLLECTION (1/2) Specific Objectives Primary Data Collection Data Analysis To identify benefit sharing schemes existing in Mount Cameroon National Park, South West Region of Cameroon. Reports in the MCNP showed the various benefit sharing schemes that exist. Focus group discussion meetings were held (participatory appraisal method) to confirm the benefits with the communities. -Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) Ver. 19 -Microsoft Excel To identify and evaluate stakeholders’ involve in various benefit sharing schemes in Mount Cameroon National Park, South West Region of Cameroon. Focus group discussion meetings were held (participatory appraisal method) in ten villages with interview various stakeholders’. 156 open and closed questionnaires were administered to affected individuals (Villages include Bova 1, Bonakanda, Bwassa, Mapanja, Liola-Buea, Lilale, Bova- Bomboko, Ebie, Bakingili and Etome). -Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) Ver. 19 -Microsoft Excel -Stakeholders’ Analysis toolkit. Table.1. Procedures of Primary Data Collection
  13. 13. 2.2 DATA COLLECTION (2/2) Specific Objectives Primary Data Collection Data Analysis To determine the roles benefit sharing schemes play in current livelihoods in the villages around Mount Cameroon National Park. Focus group discussion meetings were held (participatory appraisal method) in ten villages with interview guides coupled with direct field observation. 156 open and closed questionnaires were administered to affected individuals (Villages include Bova 1, Bonakanda, Bwassa, Mapanja, Liola-Buea, Lilale, Bova-Bomboko, Ebie, Bakingili and Etome). -Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) Ver. 19 -Microsoft Excel To determine gaps related to the implementation of each benefit-sharing scheme in Mount Cameroon National Park, South West Region of Cameroon. -Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) Ver. 19 -Microsoft Excel -Benefit sharing performance using 3E (efficiency, effectiveness and equity)
  14. 14. 3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
  15. 15. 3.1. BENEFIT SHARING SCHEME IN MCNP Benefit Sharing Schemes p=0.003 p=0.001 p=0.000 p=0.002
  16. 16. 3.2. STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT IN BENEFIT SHARING SCHEMES  Stakeholders in Ecotourism Benefit sharing scheme in the Mount Cameroon region in general include: the local population, local tour operator, Government of Cameroon through MINFOF, MINTOUR, World Bank, GIZ and KFW.  Stakeholders in Prunus africana management scheme in the Mount Cameroon region in general include: the local population, MOCAP, AFRIMED, Government of Cameroon through MINFOF, GIZ and KFW.  Stakeholders in the Conservation Incentives Systems in the Mount Cameroon National Park include: the local population, Government of Cameroon through MINFOF, GIZ, KFW, GFA, PMNSR-SW, ICRAF, and ITTO.
  17. 17. 3.3 ROLES BENEFIT SHARING SCHEMES PLAY IN LIVELIHOODS (1/2) 3.3.1. ROLES PRUNUS AFRICANA SCHEME PLAY 17.24% of the respondents in the West Coast cluster said the benefits received improve their incomes. 6.25% of respondents in the Buea cluster said the benefits are used for village developmental projects 1.64% of the respondents in the Bomboko cluster said the benefits are used to cure illness acquired during the exploitation
  18. 18. 3.3 ROLES BENEFIT SHARING SCHEMES PLAY IN LIVELIHOODS (2/2) 3.3.2. ROLES CONSERVATION INCENTIVE SCHEME PLAY 83.33% of respondents in the Muyuka cluster said the benefits were used to purchase chairs. 1.64% of respondent in the Bomboko cluster said the benefit were used for village development projects 13.97% of respondents in the West coast cluster while 1.64% in the Bomboko cused the benefits for village development projects.
  19. 19. SCHEMES TABLE4. 3E PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS BSM in MCNP EFFECTIVENESS EFFICIENCY EQUITY Ecotourism Benefit Sharing scheme Ecotourism benefit sharing activities are now the focus of the MCNP management plan which is legalized and valid for 5years. -1.136 visitors in 2013 making a total of 5,579,475FCFA -1.585 visitors in 2014 making a total of 7,284,500 FCFA paid as park entry fee -300 jobs have been created -The equity criteria is not evident as 7.7% of respondents have benefited. Prunus africana Mgt sharing Scheme -A common initiative group MOCAP is functional according to the norms for creating a benefit sharing scheme. -52.160 tons of Prunus and generated a total of 18.256.175 FCFA. -10.3% of respondents benefit from the exploitation of Prunus.
  20. 20. SCHEMES TABLE 4. 3E PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS BSM in MCNP EFFECTIVENESS EFFICIENCY EQUITY Conservation Incentive sharing Scheme -34 villages have received Conservation Bonus -Conservation Credit for all the villages have been for 2013. -42 VFMCs were created in the village communities -The sum of one hundred and sixty-five million francs CFA (165 000 000 francs CFA) was used to fund community based development activities in the MCNP. -The money for the payment of conservation bonus and credit are available till 2017. -The equity criteria is evident as most communities have received benefits.
  21. 21. 4. CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVE4. CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVE
  22. 22. 4.1. CONCLUSION  Conservation Incentive benefits sharing scheme/ system is the main benefit sharing scheme existing in the Mount Cameroon National Park with 55.1% of respondents benefiting from conservation bonus  The local population is mostly made up of farmers hence 88% of respondents showing that there is a lot of pressure on the nature resources in the National Park  Livelihoods of the communities around the park has been affected as moneys have been received and projects carried out.  Communities are satisfied with the benefits they receive which aids in developing their livelihood hence 58.33% for ecotourism scheme, 56.25% for Prunus africana scheme, 65.11% for Conservation Bonus and 53.33% for Conservation Credit.
  23. 23. 4.2. PERSPECTIVE o Benefit Sharing Schemes in the MCNP should be use as a baseline in future REDD+ projects. o Benefit Sharing Schemes in MCNP should be an inspiration to other national parks in Cameroon.
  24. 24. THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION

×