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What Is Quantum Supremacy And Quantum Computing? (And How Excited Should We Be?)

Quantum computing promises to usher in a new era of computing that is millions of times faster than computers today and can solve problems that today's machines can't. Here we look at what this technology could do.

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What Is Quantum Supremacy And Quantum Computing? (And How Excited Should We Be?)

  1. What Is Quantum Quantum Computing? (And How Excited Should We Be?) Supremacy And
  2. © 2020 Bernard Marr, Bernard Marr & Co. All rights reserved Title Text IntroductionIntroduction Quantum computing promises to usher in a new era of computing that is millions of times faster than computers today and can solve problems that today's machines can't. Here we look at what this technology could do. In 2019, Google announced with much fanfare that it had achieved “quantum supremacy” –the point at which a quantum computer can perform a task that would be impossible for a conventional computer (or would take so long it would be entirely impractical for a conventional computer). What Is Quantum Supremacy And Quantum Computing? (And How Excited Should We Be?)
  3. © 2020 Bernard Marr, Bernard Marr & Co. All rights reserved Title Text IntroductionIntroduction To achieve quantum supremacy, Google’s quantum computer completed a calculation in 200 seconds that Google claimed would have taken even the most powerful supercomputer 10,000 years to complete. IBM loudly protested this claim, stating that Google had massively underestimated the capacity of its supercomputers (hardly surprising since IBM also has skin in the quantum computing game). Nonetheless, Google’s announcement was hailed as a significant milestone in the quantum computing journey. What Is Quantum Supremacy And Quantum Computing? (And How Excited Should We Be?)
  4. © 2020 Bernard Marr, Bernard Marr & Co. All rights reserved But what exactly is quantum computing? Not sure what quantum computing is? Don’t worry, you’re not alone. In very simple terms, quantum computers are unimaginably fast computers capable of solving seemingly unsolvable problems. If you think your smartphone makes computers from the 1980s seem painfully old fashioned, quantum computers will make our current state-of-the-art technology look like something out of the Stone Age. That’s how big a leap quantum computing represents. Traditional computers are, at their heart, very fast versions of the simplest electronic calculators. They are only capable of processing one “bit” of information at a time, in the form of a binary 1 or 0. Each bit is like an on/off switch – with 0 meaning "off" and 1 meaning "on." Every task you complete on a traditional computer, no matter how complex, is ultimately using millions of bits, each one representing either a 0 or a 1.
  5. © 2020 Bernard Marr, Bernard Marr & Co. All rights reserved But what exactly is quantum computing? But quantum computers don’t rely on bits; they use “qubits”. And qubits, thanks to the marvels of quantum mechanics, aren’t limited to being either on or off. They could be both at the same time, or exist somewhere in between. That’s because quantum computing harnesses the peculiar phenomena that take place at a sub-atomic level – in particular, the ability of quantum particles to exist in multiple states at the same time (known as “superposition”). This allows quantum computers to look at many different variables at the same time, which means they can crunch through more scenarios in a much shorter space of time than even the fastest computers available today.
  6. © 2020 Bernard Marr, Bernard Marr & Co. All rights reserved What does this mean for our everyday lives? Reaching quantum supremacy is clearly an important milestone, yet we’re still a long way from commercially available quantum computers hitting the market. Right now, current quantum computing work is limited to labs and major tech players like Google, IBM, and Microsoft. Most technology experts, myself included, would admit we don’t yet fully understand how quantum computing will transform our world – we just know that it will. It’s like trying to imagine how the internet or social media would transform our world before they were introduced. Here are just some of the ways in which quantum computers could be put to good use:  Strengthening cyber security. Quantum computers could change the landscape of data security by creating virtually unbreakable encryption.  Accelerating artificial intelligence. Quantum computing could provide a massive boost to AI, since these superfast computers will prove far more effective at recognizing patterns in data.
  7. © 2020 Bernard Marr, Bernard Marr & Co. All rights reserved What does this mean for our everyday lives?  Modeling traffic flows to improve our cities. Modeling traffic is an enormously complex process with a huge number of variables, but researchers at Volkswagen have been running quantum pilot programs to model and optimize the flow of traffic through city centers in Beijing, Barcelona, and Lisbon.  Making the weather forecast more accurate. Just about anything that involves complex modeling could be made more efficient with quantum computing. The UK’s Met Office has said that it believes quantum computers offer the potential for carrying out far more advanced modeling than is currently possible today, and it is one of the avenues being explored for building next-generation forecasting systems.  Developing new medicines. Biotech startup ProteinQure has been exploring the potential of quantum computing in modeling protein, a key route in drug development. In other words, quantum computing could lead to the discovery of effective new drugs for some of the world’s biggest killers, including cancer and heart disease.
  8. © 2020 Bernard Marr, Bernard Marr & Co. All rights reserved What does this mean for our everyday lives? Most experts agree that truly useful quantum computing is not likely to be a feature of everyday life for some time. And even when quantum computers are commercially available, we as individuals will hardly be lining up to buy one. For most of the tasks we carry out on computers and smartphones, a traditional binary computer or smartphone will be all we need. But at an industry and society level, quantum computing could bring many exciting opportunities in the future. Quantum computing is just one of 25 technology trends that I believe will transform our society. Read more about these key trends – including plenty of real-world examples – in my new book, Tech Trends in Practice: The 25 Technologies That Are Driving The 4th Industrial Revolution.
  9. Bernard Marr is an internationally best-selling author, popular keynote speaker, futurist, and a strategic business & technology advisor to governments and companies. He helps organisations improve their business performance, use data more intelligently, and understand the implications of new technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, blockchains, and the Internet of Things. LinkedIn has ranked Bernard as one of the world’s top 5 business influencers. He is a frequent contributor to the World Economic Forum and writes a regular column for Forbes. Every day Bernard actively engages his 1.5 million social media followers and shares content that reaches millions of readers. Visit The Website © 2020 Bernard Marr , Bernard Marr & Co. All rights reserved© 2017 Bernard Marr , Bernard Marr & Co. All rights reserved © 2020 Bernard Marr, Bernard Marr & Co. All rights reserved Bernard Marr is an internationally best-selling author, popular keynote speaker, futurist, and a strategic business & technology advisor to governments and companies. He helps organisations improve their business performance, use data more intelligently, and understand the implications of new technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, blockchains, and the Internet of Things. LinkedIn has ranked Bernard as one of the world’s top 5 business influencers. He is a frequent contributor to the World Economic Forum and writes a regular column for Forbes. Every day Bernard actively engages his 1.5 million social media followers and shares content that reaches millions of readers. Visit The Website
  10. Title Subtitle Be the FIRST to receive news, articles, insights and event updates from Bernard Marr & Co straight to your inbox. Signing up is EASY! Simply fill out the online form and we’ll be in touch! © 2020 Bernard Marr, Bernard Marr & Co. All rights reserved
  11. BernardMarr hello@bernardmarr.com www.bernardmarr.com

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