Glimpse of Nepal
•Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.
•Name of Nepal: The name Nepal was first recorded in texts in Vedic age.
•Capital and largest city: Kathmandu.
•Motto: “जननी जन्मभूमिश्च श्वर्गादपी र्रियसी”(Mother and motherlands are
greater than heaven)
•Official Language: Nepali
•Local Levels: 753
•Legislature: Federal Parliament
i. Upper House: Rastriya Sabha
ii. Lower House: Pratinidhi Sabha
•Land Area: 92.94% and Water: 7.6% (Total Area: 147516 Sq.Km.)
•Continent: Asia, Part of Southern Asia.
•Republic declared: 28 May 2008.
•Boarder Area: A landlocked country, China’s
autonomous region region Tibet is to the North and
India is on all remaining three sides. West Bengal’s
narrow Silliguri corriador also called Chicken’s neck
separates Nepal from Bangladesh.
•Maritime area: Nepal doesn’t have any maritime area.
•Currency: Nepalese Rupee(NPR)
•Time Zone: UTC+(05:45)
•Driving Side: Left to the road.
•Internet TLD: .np
Glimpse of Nepal
N E P A L
Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country located in South Asia.
With an area of 1,47,516 square kilometers and a population of approximately 30
million. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by China and to
the south, east, and west by India.
The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains,
including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest (Nepali: Sagarmāthā). More than
250 peaks over 20,000 ft above sea level are located in Nepal.
•Nepal is in South Asia and is bordered by China and India.
•The government system is a federal parliamentary republic; the chief
of state is the president, and the head of government is the prime
•Nepal was never under any foreign invasion.
•Birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha.
•The Brave Gurkhas.
•Never faced any cultural or religious riots, very peaceful country.
•In addition to Highest peak, existences of Kali Gandaki
canyon with 4,375 meters is the second deepest canyon in the
•About 80% of the Nepalese population is Hindu.
•Cow is worshipped as goddess Laxmi and it is illegal to kill a
cow in Nepal.
•Nepal has the densest concentration of the world heritage
•Nepal has extraordinary landscape and consist highest lake,
highest peak, lowest valley, deepest gorge and many more.
•Major Part of Himalayas is in Nepal
• Nepal was never under any foreign invasion
• Nepal’s Unique Triangular Flag
• Once Upon a Time-The Weed Capital
• Birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha
• The Brave Gurkha
• Holder of Numerous Records
• Nepal has over 80 ethnic groups and 123 Languages
• Untouched by Religious and Ethnic Riot
The national flag of Nepal is the
world's only non-quadrilateral
national flag. The flag is a simplified
combination of two single pennons,
the vexillological word for a pennant.
Red color is the sign of victory in war.
The blue border is the color of peace.
Until 1962, the flag's emblems, the
sun and the crescent moon, had
human faces. They were removed to
modernize the flag.
September 30, 2016
Nepal experiences six seasons: summer, monsoon, early autumn, late
autumn, winter and spring.
Weather is dry from October to May.
Rainy monsoon from June to September.
Spring and autumn are the most pleasant seasons
Summer and late spring temperatures range from 28ºC in the
hill regions to more than 40ºC in the Terai.
drop to freezing, with a
high level of snowfall
in the mountains.
In winter, average
temperatures in the
Terai range from a
rapid 7ºC to a mild
March to April and October and November are the best times to visit Nepal.
The Kathmandu Valley,
at an altitude of 1,310m
(4,297ft), has a mild
climate, ranging from
19-27ºC in summer, and
2-20ºC in winter.
September 30, 2016
The New Zealander Sir
climber reached the summit
at 11:30 am local time on
29 May 1953 via the South
Col Route. At the time,
both acknowledged it as a
team effort by the whole
expedition. They were the
first climbers to reach the
summit of Mount Everest.
Reason behind naming Gorkhali ????????
The Gurkhas are soldiers from Nepal who are recruited into
the British Army(British regiment) and Indian Army(Gurkha
regiment), and have been for the last 200 years. Gurkhas are
known to be as fearless in combat as they are good natured in
daily life. To this day, they remain renowned for their loyalty,
professionalism and bravery across the world.
Gurkhas are traditionally recruited from the hill people of
Nepal, who trace their roots right back to an 8th century
Hindu warrior, Guru Gorakhnath. They first encountered the
British in 1814, when the British East India Company fought
against them during the Anglo-Nepalese War.
•In the Anglo-Nepalese War (Gurkha War, 1814-16), the British
East India Company (EIC) lost several battles against Nepalese
Gurkhas before finally securing victory in a hard-fought
•Although the war went badly for the British in the various
stages, in the end by considering the fact of being unable to
defeat Nepalese, became compelled to terminate war into peace
in the term of Treaty of Sugauli in 1816. Since then British
couldn’t dare to attack against Nepalese and as a result Nepal is
designated as one of the ever sovereign and independent
countries across the world.
Histororical Background of Nepal
The earliest inhabitants of modern Nepal and adjoining areas
are believed to be people from the Indus Valley civilization. By
4000 BCE, the Tibeto-Burmese people had reached Nepal either
directly across the Himalayas from Tibet or via Myanmar and
north-east India or both
The Kingdom of Nepal was established in 1768 and started a
campaign of unifying what would form the modern territories of
According to Hindu mythology, Nepal derives its name from
an ancient Hindu sage called Ne, referred to variously as Ne
Muni or Nemi. According to Pashupati Purana, as a place
protected by Ne, the country in the heart of the Himalayas came
to be known as Nepal.
Political System in Nepal
The politics of Nepal functions within the framework of a
parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. Executive power is
exercised by the Prime Minister and their cabinet, while legislative
power is vested in the Parliament.
The Nepali Congress , Communist party of Nepal(UML) and Nepal
Communist Party(Maoist) , have been the main rivals of each other by
defeating one another in successive elections since the establishment
of democratic republic Nepal.
Recently the government is run under the leadership of Nepal
The national Nepalese dresses are good and attractive, different from
other countries. The costumes of Nepal are most beautiful and meaningful
than others. The custom, food and clothing, and other traditional rites and
rituals of Nepalese people are associated with the economic condition,
cultural environment, and geographical diversity of the country.
The clothes are used according to their geographical belt in Nepal. People
of the mountain belt wear thick and long woolen clothes called Baku and
Doha. The people of the hilly region wear Kochhar, a bhoto, and a cap.
The Terai people wear Dhoti and a long shirt called Kurta. The Mayalposh
Suruwal, coat, and cap are the national dress of the Nepalese people. Fariya
(sari) and Cholo (Blouse) are popular among the Terai females.
C O S T U M E
September 30, 2016
Dress of Everest Area
E d u c a t i o n
School : 10,636
School : 30,924
Literacy Rate :
81.2 % People
School : 34368
There are various types of schools based on certain kinds of
characteristics and functioning of their operations. Generally, the
schools in Nepal are broadly categorized into two major
types: Community schools and Institutional schools.
Community schools are the type of schools that are supported
by the government and are similar to that of public schools. On
the other hand, the institutional schools are the type of schools
that are supported by the parents and the trustees and are similar
to that of private schools.
Levels of Education:
Basic Level Education: From Playing group to Class 8
Secondary Level Education: Class 9 to 12 including Technical
and Vocational education.
University Education:1.Under-Graduate 2.Post Graduate.
•Greatest Festival of Nepal
•The first nine days of Dashain symbolize the battle which took
place between the different manifestations of Durga and
•Jamara is bestowed by the elders atop the heads of those
younger to them during the last five days. The Jamara is
considered a blessing from the goddess Durga herself
•Before the collapse of the monarchy system in Nepal,
thousands of people used to gather in the old royal palace to
take the tika and blessings from the king who is considered to
be the incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
•In Dashain all the family members return to their home and
celebrate festival with love, intimacy and joy.
The extravagant festival is celebrated in Nepal each year to mark
the beginning of the Chinese Lunar New Year. And yes,
celebrations are arranged weeks in advance for the auspicious
occasion! On the day, men and women adorn colorful and
traditional attires and dance to the traditional music created by
the damphu drum, and consume tasty dishes of the region.
Healthcare services in Nepal are provided by both public and
Since January 2009, under the "New Nepal, Healthy Nepal"
initiative of the Government, all citizens are able to access
District Hospitals (DH) and Primary Health Care Centres (PHCC)
without having to pay for registration: they are eligible for free
outpatient, emergency and in-patient services, as well as drugs
The healthcare system offers four broad types of
services: health promotion, disease prevention, diagnosis and
treatment, and rehabilitation.
Most popular and effective public health programmes in Nepal
are EPI, Nutrition Program, CB-IMNCI, Safe Motherhood
Program, Essential drug Program, Family Planning Program,
FCHV Program etc.
Popular Public Health Program: FCHV Program
FCHVs are local community
women from various ethnic groups
voluntarily serving as unpaid
frontline local health resource
persons who provide community-
based health education and services
in rural areas, with a special focus
on maternal and child health. It is
the representative example of how
philanthropic Nepalese are for their
country. They are the backbone of
health system in Nepal. They
provide their voluntary service by
visiting every household in
S T A T U S
Features of Nepalese Agriculture...
Small, extremely diverse and landlocked Nepal confronts special
development challenges in the face of climate change.
Its topography determines that only less than 20% of its land is
Yet about 33.1 % of its GDP and more than 50 % of its export
depend on agriculture
Main source of food, income and employment for the great
Majority (65.7% of the population)
Monsoon dependent and under developed
Mixed farming system with domination of small holder
farmers (About 60% farmers)
Low level of public and private investment
Nepal is the country where Mount Everest, the highest mountain
peak in the world, is located. Mountaineering and other types of
adventure tourism and ecotourism are important attractions for
The relationship of Nepal and China is as old as history.
These two are the neighboring countries in good relationship
since pre-historical period. These two countries have
engaged in cooperative and intimate relationship regarding
religious, cultural, economic, social and political aspects
since the centuries. The holy birth place of Lord
Buddha, Lumbini initiated with the Manjushree's visit to
Nepal has become the site o f attraction for Buddhist
in studying and visiting fo r two thousand years. In this
context, Chinese pilgrims like Faxian's and Xuan zang's fifth
century visit to Lumbini and Nepali Buddhist Scholars
like Buddhabhadra Shakya's effo rt in spreading Buddhist
Buddhism in China is "noteworthy". Likewise, Nepali
princess Bhrikuti's engagement to chinese Tibetan King
Songsten Gampo and artist Arniko's move to
construct Nepali architecture in Tibbet China and Inside in
China are also mention worthy.
M a h a
M a n j u s h r e e
Generally, Nepal-China relation bloomed politically and diplomatically after the
establishment of People's Republic of China. More especially, the locus of
Nepal-China relationship begins with the diplomatic relationship established in
1955. After this intimacy with China, Nepal has been Advocating for China in
In the same vein,
Nepal has been
insisting upon the
issues of regional
autonomy and human
rights of China
of Nepal to the "One-
China" policy is the
aftermath of such
sprite. We Nepali
determined to the
"One China Policy".
OUTCOMES FROM EXCHANGE OF
1. Joint statement on the Establishment of Diplomatic
relations, Kathmandu, August 1, 1955
2. Agreement to maintain friendly relations and on trade
and intercourse, Kathmandu, September 20, 1956.
3. Joint statement on talks for the maintenance of friendly
relations etc., Kathmandu.
4. Treaty of Peace and Friendship, Kathmandu.
5. Nepal-China Economic Co-operation Economic Aid
6. Sino-Nepal Boundary Agreement.
7. Boundary Treaty.
8. Agreement on Economic, Kathmandu.
9. Nepal-China Trade Agreement.
Nepal-China C u l t u r a l and Ed ucational
Nepal-China Cultural and Educational Council (NCCEC)
was established in June 2009, which is a friendly organization of
Nepalese scholars, professionals, China graduated experts and
well wishers of China. It is a completely Non governmental,
Non-profitable and Non-political intellectual friendship
organization working for goodwill and friendship with China.
Nepal-China C u l t u r a l and Ed ucational
NCCEC is a very unique
society in the way to link
with china in the area of
education, culture, religion
and tourism etc. NCCEC
has been doing its best to
boost our relation by
programs. Since its
has always been
contributing to full extent
to extend our relation at
people to people level.
council believes that
through different activities
relating education and
culture will further deepen
our relationship from one
generation to another.
My Impressions about China
Massive malls absolutely everywhere
Excellent public transportation - so cheap and easy to use
All the people I’ve met were absolutely lovely and extremely
helpful. Also, there are so many older people in the parks,
exercising or dancing, which is refreshing to see.
Almost all of the restaurants I came across in China served
As a tiny woman travelling alone I felt quite safe, even at
night in less populated areas.
I generally view Chinese as having very productive culture,
and I thought their subway system was very well planned and
that the roads and highways generally seemed to be in good
condition with very little construction work going on.
My Impressions about China…………
I also impressed and appreciated how they decorate the
medians and sides of roads with plants and flowers to add
more color to the city.
Everywhere I go, I see government employees working to
keep the city looking nice.
The architecture here is so different from what I am used to
Another surprising thing is that every Chinese people for
eating everything else except liquid diet uses chop sticks
beautifully which I tried but took around half an hour to pick
same amount of food which they could take within 5 minutes.
Centre of etiquette
Well developed and managed country with robust economic
bedrock and sovereignty.
My Impressions about China………….
Lack of interest in foreign language because they pride of
their native language. I am very much impressed and liked this
While travelling outside, I can’t stop looking out of my
taxi/bus window as I tend to get mesmerized with marvelous
An exclusive center of excellence in providing quality
education to Chinese and foreign students.
The hub of educational, industrial, techno-digital ,cultural
and economical paradigm.
Paradigm and Benchmark of successful Communism.
Contributors to adorn this
BISHWESHWAR PRASAD BHATT (PRESENTER)
MAN SINGH OLI
Thank you and xie xie ni for your
Long Live Nepal-China