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Broelw mallinson dec 2017

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'Exploring Openness as an Approach to Mitigate Gender Inequality in STEM Education' (2017) Brenda Mallinson
Presented in Session 4: 'Harnessing OER for development of ICT competency' at:
Belt and Road Open Learning Week, December 2017
Belt and Road International Community for Open Education Resources (BRICOER)
Smart Learning Institute of the of Beijing Normal University

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Broelw mallinson dec 2017

  1. 1. The “Belt and Road” Open Education Learning Week 18-22 December, 2017 The “Belt and Road” International Community for Open Educational Resources
  2. 2. The “Belt and Road” Open Education Learning Week, 18-22 December, 2017 The “Belt and Road” International Community for Open Educational Resources Exploring Openness as an Approach to Mitigate Gender Inequality in STEM Education Brenda Mallinson, OER Africa With acknowledgement to: Regina Monyemangene, Open University of Tanzania This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  3. 3. The “Belt and Road” Open Education Learning Week, 18-22 December, 2017 The “Belt and Road” International Community for Open Educational Resources Outline Introduction & Context Summary of Current Research Contemporary STEM Initiatives Openness and Gender Guiding Open Principles Practical Framework
  4. 4. The “Belt and Road” Open Education Learning Week, 18-22 December, 2017 The “Belt and Road” International Community for Open Educational Resources Context
  5. 5. The “Belt and Road” Open Education Learning Week, 18-22 December, 2017 The “Belt and Road” International Community for Open Educational Resources Current Research Why so few women in STEM? Beliefs & Implicit Bias Self-efficacy Motivation Factors Historical Stereotype Interest Factors Persistence Factors Role Models Research –> Policy –> Practice continuum
  6. 6. The “Belt and Road” Open Education Learning Week, 18-22 December, 2017 The “Belt and Road” International Community for Open Educational Resources Contemporary STEM Initiatives Country Specific 3 African Female Tech Experts (Uganda, Nigeria, Malawi) 1000 girls – 1000 futures (USA); hEr Volution (Canada) Robotix (India); Science in Australia Gender Equity (SAGE) (Australia) Region Specific European Centre for Women & Technology (Europe) Organization for Women in Science in the Developing World Global/International Girls in Tech (65 country programmes - 8 African) Little Miss Geek; Technovation Is there significant effect? Covering all Stem areas?
  7. 7. The “Belt and Road” Open Education Learning Week, 18-22 December, 2017 The “Belt and Road” International Community for Open Educational Resources • Open Education • Open Learning • Open Courses • Open Educational Resources (OER) • Open Licensing (CC) • Open Access (OA) • Open Source Systems (OSS) Open Sourxe.com CC-BY-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/5535034664/ Adapted from Czerniewicz (2012) CC-BY-SA Aspects of Open
  8. 8. The “Belt and Road” Open Education Learning Week, 18-22 December, 2017 The “Belt and Road” International Community for Open Educational Resources Current research on OER & Gender OER & OEP Successes Women have a voice Connect with peers Access to information and education OER & OEP challenges Online: extreme inequalities in digital empowerment Offline: societal & economic barriers to women’s empowerment
  9. 9. The “Belt and Road” Open Education Learning Week, 18-22 December, 2017 The “Belt and Road” International Community for Open Educational Resources Who is the Superhero?
  10. 10. The “Belt and Road” Open Education Learning Week, 18-22 December, 2017 The “Belt and Road” International Community for Open Educational Resources Open Education for STEM - SWOT Analysis • Uneven digital access • Perceived low quality of certification & resources • Wider access to education • Contextualisation of open educational resources • Insufficient female role models • Extended informal & flexible learning environment • Abundant OER on STEM topics Strengths Weak- nesses Threats Opportun- ities
  11. 11. The “Belt and Road” Open Education Learning Week, 18-22 December, 2017 The “Belt and Road” International Community for Open Educational Resources Open Learning Principles Hartwell [CC-BY-SA] http://commons.wikimedia.org • Opportunities and capacity for lifelong learning • Learner-centred; independent & critical thinking • Flexibility: determine where, when, what, how, & own pace • Recognise prior learning & experience • Accumulate credits from different contexts • Conditions for fair chance of learner success (Saide, 2012)
  12. 12. The “Belt and Road” Open Education Learning Week, 18-22 December, 2017 The “Belt and Road” International Community for Open Educational Resources Regulatory Policy & Standards; Open Principles; Goals, Processes & Strategies; Metrics; Quality Assurance. Research & Innovation Role of OER and Open Education to mitigate inequalities of Gender in STEM; Identify challenges, propose innovative solutions. Practice Flexible learning opportunities; Open virtual labs; Learner centred; Promote success; Address context. Enablers Role Models; Mentoring; Self- efficacy; Peer support; Cost reduction; Incentives. OER, Open Access, Open courses, Open pedagogy. Framework: OER supporting women in STEM
  13. 13. The “Belt and Road” Open Education Learning Week, 18-22 December, 2017 The “Belt and Road” International Community for Open Educational Resources Thank you for your attention. brenda.mallinson@gmail.com This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Available on SlideShare: http://www.slideshare.net/brenda6

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