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Top Five Urban Legends
About Grover Cleveland
in Buffalo
Cynthia Van Ness, MLS
Director of Library & Archives
library@buff...
Whatever you do,
tell the truth
Top Five Urban Legends About
Grover Cleveland in Buffalo
www.buffalohistory.org
1. Cleveland was a guest at 619 Lafayette ...
Grover Cleveland Chronology
www.buffalohistory.org
• 1837: Born in Caldwell, NJ
• 1855: Moved to Buffalo
• 1859: Admitted ...
Did Cleveland Stay at 619
Lafayette Avenue?
www.buffalohistory.org
“Hewitt, who owned a horse that won the Kentucky Derby,...
Did Cleveland Stay at 619
Lafayette Avenue?
www.buffalohistory.org
Photo by Chuck LaChiusa, at BuffaloAH.com
www.buffaloah...
Did Cleveland Stay at 619
Lafayette Avenue?
www.buffalohistory.org
• Cleveland did not correspond with H.H.
Hewitt
• Abram...
Did Cleveland Stay at 619
Lafayette Avenue?
www.buffalohistory.org
• Cleveland visited Buffalo only once after this house ...
No evidence that Cleveland
ever visited 619 Lafayette
www.buffalohistory.org
Did Cleveland Live at Linwood
& Summer?
www.buffalohistory.org
“…one gentleman wrote in about a ‘nondescript building’
on ...
Did Cleveland Live at Linwood
& Summer?
www.buffalohistory.orgGoogle Maps
Did Cleveland Live at Linwood
& Summer?
www.buffalohistory.org
Double Oversize F129 .B8 H7 1872
Hopkins, Griffith M.
Atlas...
Did Cleveland Live at Linwood
& Summer?
www.buffalohistory.org
• Location was an inconvenient 1.7 mile walk to work for a ...
Where Cleveland Did Live
Cleveland rented rooms near his office, typical for bachelors back then.
All have since been demo...
Did Cleveland Live at Linwood
& Summer?
www.buffalohistory.org
• 81 Linwood, the oldest surviving house at
this intersecti...
No evidence that Cleveland
lived at Linwood & Summer
www.buffalohistory.org
Did Cleveland Live at 51
Johnson Park?
www.buffalohistory.org
Google Street View
First known appearance of the
claim was o...
Did Cleveland Live at 51
Johnson Park?
www.buffalohistory.org
Google Street View
• Cleveland supposedly lived there during...
Did Cleveland Live at 51
Johnson Park?
www.buffalohistory.org
• Built in 1860s or earlier
• Cleveland’s name is not on tit...
Did Cleveland Live at 51
Johnson Park?
www.buffalohistory.org
1. Would a proper Victorian schoolmaster would rent a room
t...
Where Cleveland Did Live
Cleveland rented rooms near his office, typical for bachelors back then.
All have since been demo...
Where Cleveland Did Live
www.buffalohistory.org
•Cleveland is in 1865 NY State Census
Source:
New York, State Census, 1865...
Where Cleveland Did Live
www.buffalohistory.org
• Cleveland is in 1865 NY State Census
Source: New York, State Census, 186...
Where Cleveland Did Live
www.buffalohistory.org
• Cleveland is in 1865 NY State Census
Cleveland lived in Ward 2
Johnson P...
Where Cleveland Did Live
www.buffalohistory.org
• Personal theory:
• 51 Johnson Park claim is appealing and seems plausibl...
No evidence that Cleveland
lived at 51 Johnson Park
www.buffalohistory.org
Did Cleveland Drink at Ulrich’s?
www.buffalohistory.org
674 Ellicott Street at Virginia
Image from Wikimedia Commons
“How ...
Did Cleveland Drink at Ulrich’s?
www.buffalohistory.org
--Jonathan Epstein, Buffalo News, Oct. 8, 2013
Did Cleveland Drink at Ulrich’s?
www.buffalohistory.org
Ulrich’s website does
not mention Cleveland.
www.ulrichstavern.com...
Did Cleveland Drink at Ulrich’s?
www.buffalohistory.org
• The Niagara Hotel was on Porter, east of
what is now LaSalle Par...
Did Cleveland Drink at Ulrich’s?
www.buffalohistory.org
• In 1872 Hopkins atlas, this property is
#614, not #674, and the ...
Did Cleveland Drink at Ulrich’s?
www.buffalohistory.org
• In the 1880 Buffalo directory, Jacob
Miller is shown operating a...
Did Cleveland Drink at Ulrich’s?
www.buffalohistory.org
• Buffalo Address Book and Family
Directory, 1896-1897, p. 87
• Th...
Where Cleveland Did Eat or Drink,
According to Biographers
www.buffalohistory.org
• Billy Dranger’s, Pearl & Eagle
• Louis...
Where Cleveland Did Eat or Drink,
According to Biographers
www.buffalohistory.org
• The 1880 Buffalo city directory lists ...
No tvidence that Cleveland
patronized Ulrich’s
www.buffalohistory.org
Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting
lodge in Amherst?
www.buffalohistory.org
•In business since at least
1988
•Starting ar...
Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting
lodge in Amherst?
www.buffalohistory.org
•Claimed most recently
by Mary Kunz Goldman
i...
Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting
lodge in Amherst?
www.buffalohistory.org
• Not mentioned in Cleveland’s book
Images fr...
Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting
lodge in Amherst?
www.buffalohistory.org
• Not found in Cleveland biographies
• Not fo...
Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting
lodge in Amherst?
www.buffalohistory.org
Google Maps
Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting
lodge in Amherst?
www.buffalohistory.org
Google Earth
Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting
lodge in Amherst?
www.buffalohistory.org
Oversize F127. E6 S7
New Topographical
Atlas ...
Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting
lodge in Amherst?
www.buffalohistory.org
In 1866, this was not a
game-filled forest. I...
Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting
lodge in Amherst?
www.buffalohistory.org
J.M. Hoover
house
A. Waber or
Weber house
186...
Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting
lodge in Amherst?
www.buffalohistory.org
Next available atlas is from 1880:
Double Ove...
Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting
lodge in Amherst?
www.buffalohistory.org
T.A. Weber
property in 1880
• The Weber famil...
Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting
lodge in Amherst?
www.buffalohistory.org
Next available atlas is from 1909, which
is m...
Where Cleveland Did Fish
www.buffalohistory.org
• Founded by Grover Cleveland & friends,
built ca. 1870 and demolished in ...
Where Cleveland Did Fish
www.buffalohistory.org
Beaver Island Club
Source: 1880 Buffalo city directory, p. 71
Locales Where Cleveland’s
Biographers Mention Fishing:
www.buffalohistory.org
• Great Lakes
• Adirondacks
• Cape Cod
• The...
Cleveland had a fishing club,
not a hunting lodge, and it
was the Beaver Island Club.
www.buffalohistory.org
Special Bonus Feature
www.buffalohistory.org
• Google Map of
Buffalo sites
associated with Grover
Cleveland, as found in
c...
Speculation on the recent eruption of
Cleveland claims
www.buffalohistory.org
• Because something could have happened
does...
Speculation on the recent eruption of
Cleveland claims
www.buffalohistory.org
• These claims gain traction because we have...
Speculation on the recent eruption of
Cleveland claims
www.buffalohistory.org
• We have a supply & demand problem
• Demand...
Cynthia Van Ness, MLS
Director of Library & Archives
library@buffalohistory.org
©Buffalo History Museum, 2015
The end
Additional Reading
The Buffalo History Museum
Grover Cleveland Collection: A Bibliography
http://tinyurl.com/TBHM-Clevelan...
Cynthia Van Ness, MLS
Director of Library & Archives
library@buffalohistory.org
©Buffalo History Museum, 2015
Questions?
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Top Five Urban Legends About Grover Cleveland in Buffalo

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Lots of stories have been circulating in Buffalo about where Grover Cleveland lived & liked to hang out. Are any of them true?

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Top Five Urban Legends About Grover Cleveland in Buffalo

  1. 1. Top Five Urban Legends About Grover Cleveland in Buffalo Cynthia Van Ness, MLS Director of Library & Archives library@buffalohistory.org ©Buffalo History Museum, 2015
  2. 2. Whatever you do, tell the truth
  3. 3. Top Five Urban Legends About Grover Cleveland in Buffalo www.buffalohistory.org 1. Cleveland was a guest at 619 Lafayette Avenue 2. Cleveland lived at Linwood & Summer 3. Cleveland lived at 51 Johnson Park 4. Cleveland used to drink at Ulrich’s 5. Cleveland’s hunting lodge is now Grover’s Bar & Grill
  4. 4. Grover Cleveland Chronology www.buffalohistory.org • 1837: Born in Caldwell, NJ • 1855: Moved to Buffalo • 1859: Admitted to the Bar • 1862: Elected Buffalo Ward Supervisor • 1863: Appointed Assistant District Attorney of Erie County • 1871: Elected Sheriff of Erie County • 1881: Elected Mayor of Buffalo • 1882: Elected Governor of New York, leaves Buffalo • 1884: Elected 22nd President of the US • 1892: Elected 24th President of the US • 1898: Retires to New Jersey • 1908: Dies in New Jersey
  5. 5. Did Cleveland Stay at 619 Lafayette Avenue? www.buffalohistory.org “Hewitt, who owned a horse that won the Kentucky Derby, died 93 years ago. He could not foresee that the home whose A-list guests included Buffalo-born President Grover Cleveland would again open its doors to the world. Call it serendipity; call it fate. Just don’t call it folly. Not anymore. Not in this city.” --Donn Esmonde, Buffalo News, Feb. 8, 2015
  6. 6. Did Cleveland Stay at 619 Lafayette Avenue? www.buffalohistory.org Photo by Chuck LaChiusa, at BuffaloAH.com www.buffaloah.com/a/archs/lb/lansing.html • Built ca. 1898 for H.H. Hewitt (1855-1922) of Hewitt Rubber Co. • Herbert H. Hewitt was born in Detroit and later lived in Chicago • He moved to Buffalo in 1893 • By 1893, Cleveland had lived away from Buffalo for a decade and had started his 2nd term as President • Cleveland biographies do not mention Hewitt • Biographical details on H.H. Hewitt are from: www.buffaloah.com/a/forestL/hewitt/hew.html
  7. 7. Did Cleveland Stay at 619 Lafayette Avenue? www.buffalohistory.org • Cleveland did not correspond with H.H. Hewitt • Abram Hewitt was an iron manufacturer & mayor of New York City • Abram was unrelated to Herbert Source: Index to the Grover Cleveland Papers, p. 157 Downloadable as a PDF from: www.loc.gov/item/64060012/
  8. 8. Did Cleveland Stay at 619 Lafayette Avenue? www.buffalohistory.org • Cleveland visited Buffalo only once after this house was built (1898) and before his death (1908). • That visit was on October 9, 1903: Funeral of his good friend Wilson S. Bissell. • During this visit, Cleveland arrived in by train in the morning, visited John Milburn, Mrs. Bissell, the Castle Inn, attended the funeral at Trinity Episcopal, and left by train in the evening • No mention of a Mr. Hewitt in his itinerary • Source: “Mr. Cleveland’s Tribute.” Buffalo Morning Express, October 10, 1903, p. 7
  9. 9. No evidence that Cleveland ever visited 619 Lafayette www.buffalohistory.org
  10. 10. Did Cleveland Live at Linwood & Summer? www.buffalohistory.org “…one gentleman wrote in about a ‘nondescript building’ on Linwood and Summer. He said someone from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers said it was its job to maintain the place, because Cleveland had lived there.” --Mary Kunz Goldman, Buffalo News, Feb. 24, 2014
  11. 11. Did Cleveland Live at Linwood & Summer? www.buffalohistory.orgGoogle Maps
  12. 12. Did Cleveland Live at Linwood & Summer? www.buffalohistory.org Double Oversize F129 .B8 H7 1872 Hopkins, Griffith M. Atlas of the City of Buffalo, Erie Co., New York Philadelphia : G.M. Hopkins, ©1872. Digitized by HistoricMapWorks.com
  13. 13. Did Cleveland Live at Linwood & Summer? www.buffalohistory.org • Location was an inconvenient 1.7 mile walk to work for a 300 lb. man • Cleveland does not appear as an owner on the 1872 map • Three of the four corners were vacant in 1872
  14. 14. Where Cleveland Did Live Cleveland rented rooms near his office, typical for bachelors back then. All have since been demolished. Few were photographed. www.buffalohistory.org • 1855: Lewis Allen’s house, 1192 Niagara St. • 1856-1861: Ruth Hulbert’s house, 11 Oak St. • 1862-1863: Mary Lyon’s boarding house, 29 Swan St. • 1864-1867: Cleveland’s address not listed in directories • 1868: U.S. Hotel, Terrace & Pearl • 1869: Pearl, corner of Swan (Mary Lyon again?) • 1870: 22 Seneca St. • 1871-1872: Mrs. Ganson’s boarding house, 51 Niagara St. • 1873-1882: Weed Block, Room F
  15. 15. Did Cleveland Live at Linwood & Summer? www.buffalohistory.org • 81 Linwood, the oldest surviving house at this intersection, was built ca. 1878 for Charles Lautz and is not “nondescript.” • Not present for that 1865-1867 gap • Lautz is not mentioned in any Cleveland biographies • Photograph by Chuck LaChiusa at Buffaloah.com
  16. 16. No evidence that Cleveland lived at Linwood & Summer www.buffalohistory.org
  17. 17. Did Cleveland Live at 51 Johnson Park? www.buffalohistory.org Google Street View First known appearance of the claim was on June 28, 2008 at Waymarking.com, posted by “Rayman” Source: www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM42NR_Grover _Cleveland_House_Buffalo_NY
  18. 18. Did Cleveland Live at 51 Johnson Park? www.buffalohistory.org Google Street View • Cleveland supposedly lived there during law school • Claim is not found in any Cleveland biographies • Claim is not found in the National Register nomination for the West Village Historic District, 1980
  19. 19. Did Cleveland Live at 51 Johnson Park? www.buffalohistory.org • Built in 1860s or earlier • Cleveland’s name is not on title • Location was a 1 mile walk to work for a 300 lb. man • He was admitted to the bar in 1859; U.B. law school founded in 1887 • Dr. Horace Briggs bought it in 1868 • Briggs founded the Buffalo Classical School, had a wife & two young girls • Cleveland biographies do not mention Briggs
  20. 20. Did Cleveland Live at 51 Johnson Park? www.buffalohistory.org 1. Would a proper Victorian schoolmaster would rent a room to a drinking, brawling bachelor when he had daughters in the house? 2. Would a drinking, brawling bachelor submit to the strict proprieties of a middle-class Victorian household?
  21. 21. Where Cleveland Did Live Cleveland rented rooms near his office, typical for bachelors back then. All have since been demolished. Few were photographed. www.buffalohistory.org • 1855: Lewis Allen’s house, 1192 Niagara St. • 1856-1861: Ruth Hulbert’s house, 11 Oak St. • 1862-1863: Mary Lyon’s boarding house, 29 Swan St. • 1864-1867: Cleveland’s address not listed in directories • 1868: U.S. Hotel, Terrace & Pearl • 1869: Pearl, corner of Swan (Mary Lyon again?) • 1870: 22 Seneca St. • 1871-1872: Mrs. Ganson’s boarding house, 51 Niagara St. • 1873-1882: Weed Block, Room F
  22. 22. Where Cleveland Did Live www.buffalohistory.org •Cleveland is in 1865 NY State Census Source: New York, State Census, 1865, index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266- 12331-61429-92?cc=1491284 : accessed 8 January 2015), Erie > Buffalo, Ward 02, E.D. 01 > image 30 of 30; State Library, Albany.
  23. 23. Where Cleveland Did Live www.buffalohistory.org • Cleveland is in 1865 NY State Census Source: New York, State Census, 1865, index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266- 12331-61429-92?cc=1491284 : accessed 8 January 2015), Erie > Buffalo, Ward 02, E.D. 01 > image 30 of 30; State Library, Albany.
  24. 24. Where Cleveland Did Live www.buffalohistory.org • Cleveland is in 1865 NY State Census Cleveland lived in Ward 2 Johnson Park is in Ward 10
  25. 25. Where Cleveland Did Live www.buffalohistory.org • Personal theory: • 51 Johnson Park claim is appealing and seems plausible because it resembles the White House • It cinematically foreshadows Cleveland’s rise to presidency
  26. 26. No evidence that Cleveland lived at 51 Johnson Park www.buffalohistory.org
  27. 27. Did Cleveland Drink at Ulrich’s? www.buffalohistory.org 674 Ellicott Street at Virginia Image from Wikimedia Commons “How can you not like a guy who drank beer at Ulrich's?” –Joe Golombek, Common Council Member, Buffalo News, Feb. 9, 2014
  28. 28. Did Cleveland Drink at Ulrich’s? www.buffalohistory.org --Jonathan Epstein, Buffalo News, Oct. 8, 2013
  29. 29. Did Cleveland Drink at Ulrich’s? www.buffalohistory.org Ulrich’s website does not mention Cleveland. www.ulrichstavern.com /history.html
  30. 30. Did Cleveland Drink at Ulrich’s? www.buffalohistory.org • The Niagara Hotel was on Porter, east of what is now LaSalle Park • 1893 was during President Cleveland’s 2nd term • Found 8 Buffalo visits by Cleveland between 1883-1891, then none until 1903 • Found no mention of Cleveland staying at the Niagara Hotel Illustration of Niagara Hotel from New England Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly, Vol. 8, 1893, online at Google Books
  31. 31. Did Cleveland Drink at Ulrich’s? www.buffalohistory.org • In 1872 Hopkins atlas, this property is #614, not #674, and the owner is J. Miller. • In the 1873 Buffalo directory, Jacob Miller, a grocer, is at 614 Ellicott St. • Grocers often served alcohol, which might be why saloons are not listed separately in directories until later • Whoever wrote the Ulrich’s website probably did not know about this address discrepancy
  32. 32. Did Cleveland Drink at Ulrich’s? www.buffalohistory.org • In the 1880 Buffalo directory, Jacob Miller is shown operating a grocery store and saloon
  33. 33. Did Cleveland Drink at Ulrich’s? www.buffalohistory.org • Buffalo Address Book and Family Directory, 1896-1897, p. 87 • The house-numbering discrepancy continues • Now occupied by Mr. & Mrs. Henry Krapp • Now 617, not 614 or 674. • But 1896 is well after Cleveland left Buffalo
  34. 34. Where Cleveland Did Eat or Drink, According to Biographers www.buffalohistory.org • Billy Dranger’s, Pearl & Eagle • Louis Goetz’s Restaurant, Pearl & Eagle • Schenkelberger’s, 833 Main St. • Charles Diebold's, 336-338 Ohio Street • Terrapin Lunch, Main & Terrace • German beer gardens • And others. All have been demolished.
  35. 35. Where Cleveland Did Eat or Drink, According to Biographers www.buffalohistory.org • The 1880 Buffalo city directory lists over nine hundred saloons • How likely is it that the only one we still have was a frequent Cleveland hang-out?
  36. 36. No tvidence that Cleveland patronized Ulrich’s www.buffalohistory.org
  37. 37. Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting lodge in Amherst? www.buffalohistory.org •In business since at least 1988 •Starting around 2009, Grover’s Bar & Grill is described as Cleveland’s hunting lodge 9160 Transit Road, East Amherst, NY
  38. 38. Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting lodge in Amherst? www.buffalohistory.org •Claimed most recently by Mary Kunz Goldman in the Buffalo News on Feb. 24, 2014
  39. 39. Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting lodge in Amherst? www.buffalohistory.org • Not mentioned in Cleveland’s book Images from www.Gutenberg.org
  40. 40. Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting lodge in Amherst? www.buffalohistory.org • Not found in Cleveland biographies • Not found in histories of the Town of Amherst • No Amherst maps at the Digital Sanborns at BECPL website • No building permits for this address in the Amherst Town Hall older than 1977 • Possibly appears in the 1920s aerial photos online at Erie.gov
  41. 41. Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting lodge in Amherst? www.buffalohistory.org Google Maps
  42. 42. Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting lodge in Amherst? www.buffalohistory.org Google Earth
  43. 43. Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting lodge in Amherst? www.buffalohistory.org Oversize F127. E6 S7 New Topographical Atlas of Erie County Philadelphia, PA: Stone & Stewart, 1866 Digitized byHistoricMapWorks.com
  44. 44. Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting lodge in Amherst? www.buffalohistory.org In 1866, this was not a game-filled forest. It was a fully settled farming area with a post office and a station along the New York Central Railroad. Stone & Stewart Atlas
  45. 45. Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting lodge in Amherst? www.buffalohistory.org J.M. Hoover house A. Waber or Weber house 1866 Stone & Stewart Atlas
  46. 46. Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting lodge in Amherst? www.buffalohistory.org Next available atlas is from 1880: Double Oversize G1253 .E6 B43 Historical Atlas of Erie County, N.Y. New York: F.W. Beers, 1880 Digitized by HistoricMapWorks.com
  47. 47. Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting lodge in Amherst? www.buffalohistory.org T.A. Weber property in 1880 • The Weber family owned this parcel during most or all of Cleveland’s Buffalo years. • No Cleveland name appears on existing property maps. Beers Atlas, 1880
  48. 48. Did Grover Cleveland have a hunting lodge in Amherst? www.buffalohistory.org Next available atlas is from 1909, which is moot because Cleveland died in 1908. Double Oversize G 1253 .E6 C36 1909 New Century Atlas of Erie County, N.Y. Philadelphia: Century Map Co., 1909 Digitized by HistoricMapWorks.com
  49. 49. Where Cleveland Did Fish www.buffalohistory.org • Founded by Grover Cleveland & friends, built ca. 1870 and demolished in 1941 • They bought the entire island from Lewis Allen, Grover’s uncle. • Source: Andrews, Charles B., “Sea and River Fishing: The President as an Angler.” Forest & Stream, June 17, 1886, p. 411. Digitized at Google Books. • Image from http://www.isledegrande.com/preservation.htm Beaver Island Club
  50. 50. Where Cleveland Did Fish www.buffalohistory.org Beaver Island Club Source: 1880 Buffalo city directory, p. 71
  51. 51. Locales Where Cleveland’s Biographers Mention Fishing: www.buffalohistory.org • Great Lakes • Adirondacks • Cape Cod • The Potomac River • Cleveland was more of an angler/fisherman than a hunter Cleveland hunting Image from www.digitalhistoryproject.com/2012/08/ president-grover-cleveland.html
  52. 52. Cleveland had a fishing club, not a hunting lodge, and it was the Beaver Island Club. www.buffalohistory.org
  53. 53. Special Bonus Feature www.buffalohistory.org • Google Map of Buffalo sites associated with Grover Cleveland, as found in city directories, biographies, newspapers, etc. http://tinyurl.com/TBHM-GroverMap
  54. 54. Speculation on the recent eruption of Cleveland claims www.buffalohistory.org • Because something could have happened doesn’t mean that it actually did happen. • Both of these statements are true: • John McCain could have been elected president in 2008 • John McCain was not elected president in 2008 From Entertainment Weekly
  55. 55. Speculation on the recent eruption of Cleveland claims www.buffalohistory.org • These claims gain traction because we have no tangible counter- evidence – no surviving Cleveland residences in Buffalo • We have an extant Fillmore home; legends about other supposed Fillmore sites are rare. From: http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/presidents/millard_fillmore_house.html
  56. 56. Speculation on the recent eruption of Cleveland claims www.buffalohistory.org • We have a supply & demand problem • Demand for presidential sites exceeds the supply • When demand exceeds supply, spurious claims are inevitable From: Zazzle.com
  57. 57. Cynthia Van Ness, MLS Director of Library & Archives library@buffalohistory.org ©Buffalo History Museum, 2015 The end
  58. 58. Additional Reading The Buffalo History Museum Grover Cleveland Collection: A Bibliography http://tinyurl.com/TBHM-Cleveland The Buffalo History Museum Grover Cleveland Sites in Buffalo: A Google Map http://tinyurl.com/TBHM-GroverMap The Buffalo History Museum Presidential Visits to Buffalo: A List http://tinyurl.com/BECHS005 Brown, Christopher 51 Johnson Parkway: History, 2012 /www.buffaloah.com/a/johnson/51/index.html Lachman, Charles A Secret Life: The Sex, Lies and Scandals of President Grover Cleveland New York: Skyhorse Pub, ©2011
  59. 59. Cynthia Van Ness, MLS Director of Library & Archives library@buffalohistory.org ©Buffalo History Museum, 2015 Questions?

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