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Archaeology and Architecture in Europeana
Lund, 20th June 2018
Connecting archaeology and
architecture data: updating the
...
Archaeology and architecture
Archaeological monuments and historic buildings are complex,
multi-layered objects with dynam...
Wealth of (digital) information objects
•  Tangible heritage - monuments, buildings, landscapes,
artefacts, building compo...
The emerging digital heritage landscape
•  Going beyond metadata for individual objects
•  Making associations with places...
CARARE metadata
CARARE metadata schema
Background
•  Began life in 2010 as a schema designed to enable
harvesting of metadata from multipl...
Uses of the CARARE metadata schema
The uses of the schema includes:
•  An intermediary to support cross-walks between nati...
Developing version 3
We asked ourselves:
•  What would make the schema easier for our data
partners?
•  What would make th...
Updating the schema: data partner perspective
CARARE
Collection
information
Heritage
asset
Digital
resource
Activity
*
*
•...
Updating the schema: Europeana perspective
•  Reviewed the mapping of
CARARE to EDM
•  Analysed the use of
elements
•  Sup...
Aims
•  Next generation of the schema
•  Compatible with previous versions
•  Improved structure and documentation
•  Adap...
Design challenges & considerations
•  The CARARE metadata schema was designed originally
as a metadata harvesting protocol...
Methodology for the development
Current status
• Initial evaluation and
analysis has been
completed
• Version 3 exists in ...
Prototyping
•  Athena Research Centre is currently prototyping the schema
using Semantic Omeka, this will:
•  Help to eval...
Next steps
•  More prototyping
•  Testing and evaluation of the results
•  Finalising the development
•  Enabling the use ...
Thanks for your attention
kfernie27@gmail.com
d.gavrilis@dcu.gr
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Connecting archaeology and architecture data: updating the CARARE metadata schema, Kate Fernie, Dimitris Gavrilis and Christos Papatheodorou

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The CARARE metadata schema was designed to support harvesting archaeology and architecture. Monuments and buildings are complex, multi-layered objects with dynamic lives. A wealth of digital information objects relating to different aspects of the tangible and intangible heritage exist - from texts, plans, drawings and images, to folk memories, diaries, stories, news papers and traditional skills. The digital heritage landscape is now going beyond metadata for individual objects instead seeking to support associations between objects, places, people and events, integrating information sources and providing for narratives. In developing version 3 of the CARARE metadata schema the authors seek to increase the support for linked data and contextualisation, and to support new uses of the schema particularly as a data capture format. The paper describes the development methodology, use cases, design challenges and considerations made in defining the new version, and prototyping of the schema. Semantic Omeka is being used to test the data capture use case.

Publié dans : Environnement
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Connecting archaeology and architecture data: updating the CARARE metadata schema, Kate Fernie, Dimitris Gavrilis and Christos Papatheodorou

  1. 1. Archaeology and Architecture in Europeana Lund, 20th June 2018 Connecting archaeology and architecture data: updating the CARARE metadata schema Kate Fernie, 2Culture Associates Dimitris Gavrilis and Christos Papatheodorou, Athena Research Centre
  2. 2. Archaeology and architecture Archaeological monuments and historic buildings are complex, multi-layered objects with dynamic lives.
  3. 3. Wealth of (digital) information objects •  Tangible heritage - monuments, buildings, landscapes, artefacts, building components •  texts, plans, images, sketches, notes, 3D scans, scientific data, catalogues, inventories, analyses •  Excavation and survey reports, conservation status, etc. •  Intangible heritage - histories, folk memories, traditional skills, social significance •  narratives, diaries, news papers, media broadcasts •  Reference resources – gazetteers, vocabularies
  4. 4. The emerging digital heritage landscape •  Going beyond metadata for individual objects •  Making associations with places, people, events and objects •  Integrating information sources •  Providing for interpretation, narrative and storytelling
  5. 5. CARARE metadata
  6. 6. CARARE metadata schema Background •  Began life in 2010 as a schema designed to enable harvesting of metadata from multiple archaeological and architectural heritage archives for aggregation in Europeana •  The schema is based on CIDOC core standards, MIDAS Heritage and LIDO and is compatible with CIDOC CRM and the Europeana Data Model •  Extended in 2012 to increase the support for 3D http://pro.carare.eu/doku.php?id=metadata
  7. 7. Uses of the CARARE metadata schema The uses of the schema includes: •  An intermediary to support cross-walks between native metadata schemes in national language and a standard format •  An XML export format from databases and repositories •  A data capture format for databases and digital libraries Interest from developers in using the schema is increasing
  8. 8. Developing version 3 We asked ourselves: •  What would make the schema easier for our data partners? •  What would make the schema more friendly to the needs of developers? •  How can we support connections better?
  9. 9. Updating the schema: data partner perspective CARARE Collection information Heritage asset Digital resource Activity * * •  Considered use cases •  for museum objects, monuments, buildings, 3D models and shipwrecks •  analysing the use of elements (whether they need to be mandatory, optional or repeatable, or linked to controlled vocabularies) for each case •  Considered duplication/redundancy, e.g. in the record information
  10. 10. Updating the schema: Europeana perspective •  Reviewed the mapping of CARARE to EDM •  Analysed the use of elements •  Support for Linked Data within the CARARE schema
  11. 11. Aims •  Next generation of the schema •  Compatible with previous versions •  Improved structure and documentation •  Adaptable for implementation in specific use cases, e.g. for documentation •  Improved connections between objects and support for the semantic web
  12. 12. Design challenges & considerations •  The CARARE metadata schema was designed originally as a metadata harvesting protocol, to mediate between different native schemas and aggregate data with minimal information loss •  It had a nested structure (of elements and classes) that presented some challenges for implementation •  One of the considerations is to move towards a more developer friendly (rdf oriented) schema •  reducing the nesting and •  Increasing the support for linked data
  13. 13. Methodology for the development Current status • Initial evaluation and analysis has been completed • Version 3 exists in draft form • XSD is available in draft • Now prototyping Evaluation Use case analysis Drafting schema & XSD Prototyping (in systems) Finalising RDFJSON
  14. 14. Prototyping •  Athena Research Centre is currently prototyping the schema using Semantic Omeka, this will: •  Help to evaluate version 3 of the CARARE schema in one of the use case (for documentation and data capture) •  Support a need expressed by the CARARE user community
  15. 15. Next steps •  More prototyping •  Testing and evaluation of the results •  Finalising the development •  Enabling the use cases •  Implementing support for the user community
  16. 16. Thanks for your attention kfernie27@gmail.com d.gavrilis@dcu.gr

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