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NMEICT Open Licensing Policy Guidelines

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Presentation by Dr. Sanjaya Mishra on 26 May 2014 at the "Round table on Implementation of OER Policy: The Way Forward" organised by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt of India.

Publié dans : Formation, Technologie

NMEICT Open Licensing Policy Guidelines

  1. 1. Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia NMEICT Open Licensing Policy Guidelines
  2. 2. NKC Recommendation, 2007  Recognised the role of Open Educational Resources (OER) in the knowledge economy and to up-grade the quality of education.  “an enabling legal framework that would allow unrestricted access without compromising intellectual authorship must be devised for this purpose”
  3. 3. Defining Open Educational Resources “teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions. Open licensing is built within the existing framework of intellectual property rights as defined by relevant international conventions and respects the authorship of the work” (OER Paris Declaration, 2012)
  4. 4. OER Paris Declaration 2012 “Encourage the open licensing of educational materials produced with public funds. Governments/competent authorities can create substantial benefits for their citizens by ensuring that educational materials developed with public funds be made available under open licenses (with any restrictions they deem necessary) in order to maximize the impact of the investment”.
  5. 5. NMEICT Open License Philosophy  Release of learning resources, software and technology in an appropriate open license regime would foster an environment of openness, collaboration, and a culture of sharing, reuse and adaptation amongst institutions and teachers to enhance the quality of education in the country.  Learners will have easy access to digital and non-digital resources available either freely or at a low cost.  Teachers in remote areas will have access to quality resources and can contextualise the materials without worrying about prior permissions and copyright issues.
  6. 6. Principles of Openness  All information products (content, software and technology) shall be treated as national resource. Unless specifically declared, all such information shall be freely accessible the general public through the Web.  Community engagement shall be a part of all activities, and use read-write tools available on the web shall be encouraged.  Information and knowledge resources generated shall be made available in a persistent permanent basis freely to all through the Web.  Information creation/authoring and dissemination shall be done using commonly accepted standards in such a way so as to encourage discoverability, and capture relevant metadata to promote sharing.  While the moral rights of the creator will remain with the original contributor, all intellectual property rights (IPR) shall be transferred (actually remains automatically as per Copyright law) to the Govt of India to enable it to be released in an appropriate open license.  All information and knowledge resources shall be released in a suitable open license to optimise social and economic value of the investment.
  7. 7. Guidelines  CC BY-SA is the default license adopted by NMEICT  Applies to all knowledge resources, that will be available on a single platform permanently  Software developed to be released as Open Source
  8. 8. What CC BY-SA means? You are free to:  Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format  Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.  The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
  9. 9. Conditions of CC BY-SA  Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.  ShareAlike — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.  No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
  10. 10. Implications  Huge amount of learning materials available for reuse  No permission needed for reuse and adaptation within the license conditions  CC BY-SA license implies, the derivatives/adaptation can be used for commercial gain  The derivative so produced need to be released in same license (CC BY-SA)  Adapted version can be in varieties of forms, including books, CD, and in mobile devices.  License is terminated automatically, if the conditions are not met.
  11. 11. Questions for Discussion  What are the challenges in adopting the materials of NMEICT?  What can be done with the existing resources?  What kinds of innovation possible and/or visualised for experimentation?  Can private sector entrepreneurs make use of the resources to add value?
  12. 12. Explanations (a) “adaptation” means,— (i) in relation to a dramatic work, the conversion of the work into a non-dramatic work; (ii) in relation to a literary work or an artistic work, the conversion of the work into a dramatic work by way of performance in public or otherwise; (iii) in relation to a literary or dramatic work, any abridgement of the work or any version of the work in which the story or action is conveyed wholly or mainly by means of pictures in a form suitable for reproduction in a book, or in a newspaper, magazine or similar periodical; (iv) in relation to a musical work, any arrangement or transcription of the work; and (v) in relation to any work, any use of such work involving its re- arrangement or alteration;
  13. 13. Explanations Non-commercial means "primarily intended for or directed toward commercial advantage or monetary compensation." Please note:  Commercial use is not always for profit (you can also have loss)  Non-profit organisations also gain profit through commercial engagements
  14. 14. Examples of Publishers using Creative Commons  Bloomsbury Academic (CC BY-NC)  Open Humanities Press (CC BY)  Hindawi Publishing (CC BY)  Public Library of Science (CC BY)  BioMed Central (CC BY)  Copernicus Publications (CC BY)  Open Book Publishers (CC BY)  Pratham Books (CC BY and CC BY-SA)
  15. 15. Thank YOU