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Our Common Future Under Climate Change ISC July 2015
Session 2216 – Climate smart forestry – Integrating
mitigation and ad...
New IUFRO Task Force Sustainable Planted Forests for a Greener Future
1) An enduring network for international and pan IUF...
Natural forest Planted forest Non-forest
Primary
Modified natural
forests
Semi-natural forests Plantations
Trees outside f...
High resolution - tree species map of European forests
(source Alterra)
Leiria Forest
Landes of
Gascony
Alice Holt Forest
...
For latest see GCP – Le Quéré et al 2014
Global network of sites where net CO2 uptake is being
measured, and the management and environmental
influences assessed
O...
Oak plantation CO2 flux site, Alice Holt, UK
(Wilkinson, et al. Biogeosciences 9, 2012)
Measuring forest CO2 uptake
7
(Wil...
National Forest of Leiria
(source M. Tomé, ISA) Definition of management options
Modelling & simulation
tools – stand > la...
C in the forest cycle and in wood utilization
Establishment ‘Old-growth’
Thinning Clearfell
Scotland
10,000 ha of new
woodland per year.
England
5,000 ha per year.
Wales
5,000 ha per year.
Northern Ireland
250 ha p...
.013
Forest adaptation strategies
Management and planning options
• selecting new tree species or provenances and adapting...
14
Longterm R&D Infrastructure for species
selection and BMP demonstration
 Network of 38 arboreta: 35 species, 150 prove...
Adaptation – species choice
Adaptation: future projections
2080, High
(Ray et al., FR)
predicting tree species suitability, e.g. plantation conifers
Adaptation: future projections
Assessing changing drought risk
(Petr et al. Climate Change 124, 791–803, 2014)
‘high’ scen...
New Zealand’s Adaptation Process
•Future climate maps
•Spatial forest and
environment data
•Impacts
•Risk
•Mitigation opti...
Foresight approach/delivery
Scenario A1B 2020-2050 2070-2100
Temperatures +1.44 °C +2.83°C
Mean Rainfall -73 to -146 mm -1...
Cancun COP16 2010 - REDD+ provides financial incentives to
local people to keep forests intact and to use them sustainably...
Achieving the potential contribution of planted forests to adaptation and mitigation of climate change, P Freer-Smith, C O...
Achieving the potential contribution of planted forests to adaptation and mitigation of climate change, P Freer-Smith, C O...
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Achieving the potential contribution of planted forests to adaptation and mitigation of climate change, P Freer-Smith, C Orazio, J Morison, J-M Carnus, M Tome & T Payn

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P. Freer-Smith (Forestry Commission, Farnham, United Kingdom), at the Our Common Future Under Climate Change conference, July 7-10 in Paris, France.

More at http://www.commonfuture-paris2015.org/

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Achieving the potential contribution of planted forests to adaptation and mitigation of climate change, P Freer-Smith, C Orazio, J Morison, J-M Carnus, M Tome & T Payn

  1. 1. Our Common Future Under Climate Change ISC July 2015 Session 2216 – Climate smart forestry – Integrating mitigation and adaptation into sustainable development Achieving the Potential Contribution of Planted Forests to Adaptation and Mitigation of Climate Change P Freer-Smith, C Orazio, J Morison, J-M Carnus, M Tome & T Payn
  2. 2. New IUFRO Task Force Sustainable Planted Forests for a Greener Future 1) An enduring network for international and pan IUFRO science covering vulnerability & risk, sustainable intensification, governance and socio-economic viability, ecosystem services and landscape restoration. 2) An interface between IUFRO science and wider society (WWF, Future Earth…) 3) Internationally coordinated research programmes on the above.
  3. 3. Natural forest Planted forest Non-forest Primary Modified natural forests Semi-natural forests Plantations Trees outside forest (TOF) Assisted natural regeneration Planted component Productive Protective Source: After (Carle and Holmgren 2008), modified and illustrated. The area of planted forests is c. 277.97 million ha which is 7% of total global forest area. This 7 % provides c. 45% of industrial roundwood (FAO GFA 2010) FAO Forest Types
  4. 4. High resolution - tree species map of European forests (source Alterra) Leiria Forest Landes of Gascony Alice Holt Forest New Zealand
  5. 5. For latest see GCP – Le Quéré et al 2014
  6. 6. Global network of sites where net CO2 uptake is being measured, and the management and environmental influences assessed Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center (ORNL DAAC). 2013. FLUXNET Maps & Graphics Web Page. Available online [http://fluxnet.ornl.gov/maps-graphics] from ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.
  7. 7. Oak plantation CO2 flux site, Alice Holt, UK (Wilkinson, et al. Biogeosciences 9, 2012) Measuring forest CO2 uptake 7 (Wilkinson et al. Biogeosciences 9, 5373-5389, 2012) average annual C uptake 5 t C ha-1 y-1
  8. 8. National Forest of Leiria (source M. Tomé, ISA) Definition of management options Modelling & simulation tools – stand > landscape
  9. 9. C in the forest cycle and in wood utilization Establishment ‘Old-growth’ Thinning Clearfell
  10. 10. Scotland 10,000 ha of new woodland per year. England 5,000 ha per year. Wales 5,000 ha per year. Northern Ireland 250 ha per year. TOTAL 20,000 ha per yr CARBINE & BSORT Matthews et al 2009 Future UK scenarios MITIGATION OF GHG EMISSIONS (ABATEMENT) EAS - CO2 uptake or release by 23 K ha per year of new planting FMS A - Half forest area unmanaged & deferred felling FMS B - Half forest area managed to optimise timber production.
  11. 11. .013 Forest adaptation strategies Management and planning options • selecting new tree species or provenances and adapting species for resilience (drought tolerance etc.) • shortening production cycles to minimise exposure to climatic hazards and damage costs • Forest management to increase stands resistance & resilience • diversifying tree species at landscape scale and managing ecotones between forests and other land-uses for improved habitat connectivity and water regulation
  12. 12. 14 Longterm R&D Infrastructure for species selection and BMP demonstration  Network of 38 arboreta: 35 species, 150 provenances = 135000 seedlings planted  Network of 41demonstration sites: 8 alternative management options  Databases, protocols and reference tools: e.g.FORESTRIAL database on long term monitoring trials Experimental approaches – biogeographic level
  13. 13. Adaptation – species choice
  14. 14. Adaptation: future projections 2080, High (Ray et al., FR) predicting tree species suitability, e.g. plantation conifers
  15. 15. Adaptation: future projections Assessing changing drought risk (Petr et al. Climate Change 124, 791–803, 2014) ‘high’ scenario, A1F1, 2050s, relative to baseline 1961-1990
  16. 16. New Zealand’s Adaptation Process •Future climate maps •Spatial forest and environment data •Impacts •Risk •Mitigation options •Adaptation options •Resources •Implementation Current State Future State Risk/Impact Climate Driver Tactical Adaptation Strategic Adaptation Transformational Adaptation
  17. 17. Foresight approach/delivery Scenario A1B 2020-2050 2070-2100 Temperatures +1.44 °C +2.83°C Mean Rainfall -73 to -146 mm -182 to -219 mm INTENSITYOFCLIMATICSCENARIO • Foresight scenarios:  consider the plurality of possible futures  anticipate evolutions and abrupt changes  identify key points for action • Collective approach combining diverse view points to generate contrasted futures:  mutlidisciplinary expert group  stakeholders interviews  territorial forums • 3 key drivers in the scenarios:  climate change  urbanisation and population growth  energy transition
  18. 18. Cancun COP16 2010 - REDD+ provides financial incentives to local people to keep forests intact and to use them sustainably. Sustainable Forest Management: EU Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) & UN Forum on Forests - UNFF FFCC COP 21 Paris 2015 – a legally binding agreement on climate: • Climate finance must include forestry – adaptation & mitigation; accounting rules are critical & need tightening up and to include C “off setting” – substitution of wood for C costly energy & materials • Parallel EU process on how to include LULUCF in EU 2030 Climate Framework. Thank you for your attention

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